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Politics in
Pakistan
Pak-Studies: Group Presentation
Group Members:
 M. Saad Hussain
 M. Seerat Nawaz
 Mirza Waqar Baig
 Tayyab Hussain
 Syed Daud Wasti
History - Timeline
Syed Daud Wasti
After Dead of Quaid, Sep 11, 1948.
After Dead of Liaquat Ali Khan, Oct 16, 1951
and Nazimuddin became the next Prime
Minis...
After Ch. Muhammad Ali
resign in 1956.
Hussein Shaheed
Suhrawardy
resigned from his
Premiership in 1957
Iskander Mirza
exp...
PPP
won
PML-J
won
1st General Election
Election Date: Oct, 1970
Total Seats: 300
Turnout: 63%
2nd General Election
Electio...
PPP
won
PML-N
won
PPP
won
PML-N
won
4th General Election
Total Seats: 237
Turnout: 43%
5th General Election
Total Seats: 2...
PML-Q
Won but still Musharaf
was President
PPPP
won
8th General Election
Total Seats: 237
Turnout: 41%
9th General Electio...
Constitutions
Saad Hussain
Constitution of 1956
 British Empires divided British
India into two Pakistan and India.
 Adopted on 29 February 1956
 ...
Features
 The Objectives Resolution, the preamble of the
Constitution.
 Country was declared an Islamic Republic of Paki...
Constitution of 1962
 Shahabuddin Commission, 17 Feb
1960.
 Promulgated by President Ayyub
on 1st March, 1962.
 Came in...
Features
 Pakistan was renamed as "Republic of Pakistan".
 The President was to be a Muslim not less than 35 years
of ag...
Constitution of 1973
 "Constitution accord" 17 Oct 1972.
 The National Assembly approved the
Constitution on April 10th,...
Features
 The Constitution named Pakistan as Islamic Republic of
Pakistan.
 Islam as the religion of the country.
 The ...
Major PartiesTayyab Hussain
Pakistan People Party
 Political Party of Pakistan.
 Founded on Nov 30, 1967 by Z.A Bhutto.
 Chairperson:
 Bilawal Bhu...
Pakistan Muslim League - N
 Famous Political Party of Pakistan.
 Founded on 1993 by Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif.
 Chairp...
Pakistan Muslim League - Q
 Political Party of Pakistan.
 Founded on 2002 by Mian Azhar
 Chairperson:
 Ch. Shujat Huss...
Muhajir Qaumi Movement
 Founded on 1984 by Altaf Hussain.
 In 1997, MQM became Muthidda Qaumi Movement
instead of Muhaji...
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
 Founded on 1996 by Imran Khan.
 PTI is one of the three major political parties of
Pakistan, a...
Problems of
Pakistani PoliticsMirza Waqar Baig
Issue Based Politics
Personality vs. Issues = Personality wins!!!
 PAKISTAN is a nation desperately in need of heroes.
 ...
Feudalism
Garbage In = Garbage Out
 Majority of the Politicians belong to this
category
 Lack of Interaction with the co...
Military takeover
An Ever Itching Palm
 Marshal law is a major factor of
political destabilization.
 It always leaves an...
Accountability
Selective or wholistic???
 Has always been biased throughout the history
 Independent NAB non-existent.
...
Democracy vs.
Dictatorship in PakistanSeerat Nawaz
Democracy!!!
 People Elect their own
Government.
 They are ruled by the
people of their own
choice.
 A common person is...
Merits and Demerits Of Democracy
Merits
 Local Body Government in which
people are free to choose their
rulers.
 People ...
Merits and Demerits Of Dictatorship
Merits
 More Stable Government
 Less room for Corruption.
 More efficient during em...
In Pakistan, Democracy or the
Dictatorship ???
 From the inception of Pakistan, there has been the
conflictions between t...
Dictatorial leadership in
Pakistan
Ayub Khan's Rule (1958 - 1969)
 His regime is said to be Industrial and Reforms Era.
...
Zia-ul-Haq's leadership(1977 -
1988)
 Islamic Shariaah was enforced is his era.
 This was the era of cold war against US...
General Musharraf's leadership
(1999 - 2008)
 After Zia, general elections were held
which allowed PPP to make government...
Zia-Ul-Haq
Ayub Khan
Pervez
Musharraf
Benazir
Bhutto Z.A Bhutto
Nawaz
Sharif Iskandar
Mirza Ghulam
Muhammad Asif Ali
Zarda...
 Ayub Khan and Zia's Eras are known as the Eras of
development and peace.
 Highest GDP rate was observed.
 Likewise, Un...
So what should then we do ???
 As democracy is the best form of government, so it
should be appreciated.
 Our duty is to...
Conclusion
 Total 10 General Elections held in Pakistan:
o PPP won 5 times.
o PML-N won 3 times.
o PML-J won once.
o PML-...
Politics in Pakistan (All about Politics)
Politics in Pakistan (All about Politics)
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Politics in Pakistan (All about Politics)

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Politics in Pakistan
History - Timeline (History at grace)
Major Parties
Problems of Pakistani Politics
Democracy vs. Dictatorship in Pakistan
Constitutions
Conclusion

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Politics in Pakistan (All about Politics)

  1. 1. Politics in Pakistan Pak-Studies: Group Presentation
  2. 2. Group Members:  M. Saad Hussain  M. Seerat Nawaz  Mirza Waqar Baig  Tayyab Hussain  Syed Daud Wasti
  3. 3. History - Timeline Syed Daud Wasti
  4. 4. After Dead of Quaid, Sep 11, 1948. After Dead of Liaquat Ali Khan, Oct 16, 1951 and Nazimuddin became the next Prime Minister. The dismissal of Sir Khawaja, the Prime Minister, by the Governor-General, Ghulam Muhammad, signaled a troubling trend in Pakistani political history. Major General (Retd.) Iskandar Mirza who forced Mohammad Ali Bogra to resign in 1955.
  5. 5. After Ch. Muhammad Ali resign in 1956. Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy resigned from his Premiership in 1957 Iskander Mirza exploited the differences between the parties and thus made Ismail an easy victim as he remained Prime Minister for only two months and therefore could not give any practical shape to his program.
  6. 6. PPP won PML-J won 1st General Election Election Date: Oct, 1970 Total Seats: 300 Turnout: 63% 2nd General Election Election Date: 7 Mar, 1977 Total Seats: 200 Turnout: 63% PPP won but Marshal law was Imposed.
  7. 7. PPP won PML-N won PPP won PML-N won 4th General Election Total Seats: 237 Turnout: 43% 5th General Election Total Seats: 237 Turnout: 45.5% 6th General Election Total Seats: 237 Turnout: 41% 7th General Election Total Seats: 237 Turnout: 35% After Dead of Zai ul Haq. After Farooq Leghari's resignation in 1997 President 02 Dec - Resign Farooq Leghari
  8. 8. PML-Q Won but still Musharaf was President PPPP won 8th General Election Total Seats: 237 Turnout: 41% 9th General Election Total Seats: 342 Turnout: 63%
  9. 9. Constitutions Saad Hussain
  10. 10. Constitution of 1956  British Empires divided British India into two Pakistan and India.  Adopted on 29 February 1956  Enforced on 23 March 1956  Contained 234 Articles divided into thirteen parts and six an schedules.  Governor General Iskander Mirza was assumed as a President of Pakistan.
  11. 11. Features  The Objectives Resolution, the preamble of the Constitution.  Country was declared an Islamic Republic of Pakistan  President must be Muslim of at least 40 years of age.  The Constitution of 1956 provided unicameral legislature.  National Assembly was to consist of 300 members.  Minimum age of 21 was allowed to vote in the elections.  Urdu and Bengali, State Language and English, Official Language for first 25 years
  12. 12. Constitution of 1962  Shahabuddin Commission, 17 Feb 1960.  Promulgated by President Ayyub on 1st March, 1962.  Came into effect on 8th June, 1962.  Contained 250 articles divided into 12 parts and 5 Schedules.
  13. 13. Features  Pakistan was renamed as "Republic of Pakistan".  The President was to be a Muslim not less than 35 years of age and could , not held more than two consecutive teams.  The National Assembly was to consist of 156 members, later increased to 218 members.  The system of indirect presidential elections was presented.  President owned the "Right of Veto".  The President had the power to dissolve the National Assembly. .
  14. 14. Constitution of 1973  "Constitution accord" 17 Oct 1972.  The National Assembly approved the Constitution on April 10th, 1973.  Came into effect on 14th August 1973.  Contained 280 articles divided into 12 parts and 7 schedules.
  15. 15. Features  The Constitution named Pakistan as Islamic Republic of Pakistan.  Islam as the religion of the country.  The President was to be Muslim at least 45 years of age.  The 1973 Constitution set up a bicameral legislature.  Independence of Judiciary  Method of Election
  16. 16. Major PartiesTayyab Hussain
  17. 17. Pakistan People Party  Political Party of Pakistan.  Founded on Nov 30, 1967 by Z.A Bhutto.  Chairperson:  Bilawal Bhutto  Contest elections on the slogan of "ROTI, KAPRA AUR MAKAN".  Basic Principles of PPP:  Islam is our Faith  Democracy is our Politics  Socialism is our Economy  All Power to the People  Won Election in 1970, 1977, 1988, 1993 , 2008.
  18. 18. Pakistan Muslim League - N  Famous Political Party of Pakistan.  Founded on 1993 by Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif.  Chairperson:  Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif  Basic Principles of PML-N  Democracy is our Politics  Independent Judiciary and the Rule of Law.  Improvement in Education System  Industry and Trade (Economical Improvement)  Won Election in 1990, 1997 and 2013.
  19. 19. Pakistan Muslim League - Q  Political Party of Pakistan.  Founded on 2002 by Mian Azhar  Chairperson:  Ch. Shujat Hussain  Basic Principles of PML-Q  Live and Let Live.  Tolerance and harmony.  Ensuring justice and freedom of expression.  Dignity of the common citizen  Protection and promotion of the rights of Women.  Protection of the rights of minorities.  Won Election in 2002.
  20. 20. Muhajir Qaumi Movement  Founded on 1984 by Altaf Hussain.  In 1997, MQM became Muthidda Qaumi Movement instead of Muhajir Qaumi Movement.  Chairperson:  Altaf Husain  Basic Principles of MQM  Improvement in Education  Reduce Poverty and Unemployment  Agricultural reforms  Healthcare system is a right of every Pakistani regardless of his/her income level and social status.
  21. 21. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf  Founded on 1996 by Imran Khan.  PTI is one of the three major political parties of Pakistan, along with PPP and PML-N.  Motto : “Insaf, Insaniyat aur khud itmadi”  Chairperson:  Imran Khan  Basic Principles of PTI  Government with Merit.  Resources of the country belong to the people of the country and will be used for their progress and development.  Primary Health care for the poor and elderly will be free.
  22. 22. Problems of Pakistani PoliticsMirza Waqar Baig
  23. 23. Issue Based Politics Personality vs. Issues = Personality wins!!!  PAKISTAN is a nation desperately in need of heroes.  Our politicians dissimulate, our cricketers disappoint, and our celebrities self-destruct.  Core issues were always neglected  Non-existence of proactive policies to solve the basic problems  Lack of responsibility showed by the political parties.
  24. 24. Feudalism Garbage In = Garbage Out  Majority of the Politicians belong to this category  Lack of Interaction with the common man  Leads to lack of development in rural areas  Absence of a complete constitution, allowed the peoples with power to manipulate the political and constitutional institution, as they wanted.
  25. 25. Military takeover An Ever Itching Palm  Marshal law is a major factor of political destabilization.  It always leaves an uneven ground for the politicians.  Sometime, It is war done in the name of democracy against democracy.
  26. 26. Accountability Selective or wholistic???  Has always been biased throughout the history  Independent NAB non-existent.  Pakistan is not going to change until every man in power take responsibility for his action.  And Heavy regulation, poor security that creates an unfavorable environment for foreign investment.
  27. 27. Democracy vs. Dictatorship in PakistanSeerat Nawaz
  28. 28. Democracy!!!  People Elect their own Government.  They are ruled by the people of their own choice.  A common person is considered as the Primary source of the elected Government.  Not One Man Show. Dictatorship !!!  A type of government in which the whole governing body is controlled by a single individual or a single group of people.  Government in which a single personality govern all the authorities.  It has been proved unfriendly.  One Man show.
  29. 29. Merits and Demerits Of Democracy Merits  Local Body Government in which people are free to choose their rulers.  People have liberty of Speech.  Public Questions are decided by the will of majority.  People get the chance to change the governing bodies.  Legal form of Government.  People have the freedom to choose their Head by the General Elections. Demerits  According to Napoleon, "Nine people out of ten are fool".  This cause the election of some illegible persons.  Corruption and bribery.  Illiterate people sometimes choose the people on caste and creed basis.  Expensive mode of government.
  30. 30. Merits and Demerits Of Dictatorship Merits  More Stable Government  Less room for Corruption.  More efficient during emergencies.  Less crime rates.  Things happening very quickly.  More stronger economy than democratic government.  No politics ever. Demerits  The most unfriendly type of government.  People sometimes have not the freedom to speak and express their views against the government.  People have to just follow the orders.  Military dictatorship is worst type of government.
  31. 31. In Pakistan, Democracy or the Dictatorship ???  From the inception of Pakistan, there has been the conflictions between the military and civil leadership  For about 30 years in history, we have dictator leadership.  As Musharraf once said, “Democracy is an ineffective system for Pakistan as there are no checks and balances in the system and to counter such failures army has to act because people of Pakistan expected too much good from military.”  But Pakistan is still a democratic country.
  32. 32. Dictatorial leadership in Pakistan Ayub Khan's Rule (1958 - 1969)  His regime is said to be Industrial and Reforms Era.  Most developed decade in the History of Pakistan  Capital was raised to Rs. 4.7 Billion and GDP was raised to 6.8%  His Dictatorial behavior rose rage of people against himself  He tried to overcome it by the use of power, that leads to the separation of East Pakistan.  Constitution of 1962 was launched by Ayub Khan in which all the supreme authorities was owned by him.  After the resignation, he handed the government to General Yahiya Khan.  Yahiya's policies against the East Pakistanis were the formation of Bangladesh.
  33. 33. Zia-ul-Haq's leadership(1977 - 1988)  Islamic Shariaah was enforced is his era.  This was the era of cold war against USSR in which Pakistan played a vital role. Zia assist Afghanis by Military as well as by finance.  Military was made more strong and efficient.  Zia was able to stand against external pressures on Nuclear Programs that were started by Z.A Bhutto.  Many new reforms were introduced that could lend benefits to common people.  Pakistan had highest GDP rate in the history in Zia era.
  34. 34. General Musharraf's leadership (1999 - 2008)  After Zia, general elections were held which allowed PPP to make government.  This government could not exist for long time as they were accused of corruption.  Then came the era of Nawaz Shareef, which too could not stand for a long.  From 1988 to 1999, no government could stand more than 3 years.  This decade was said to be the failure of democracy in Pakistan.  At last Gen Mushrraf (COAS) suspended the constitution and chose designation of Chief Executive of Pakistan for himself, dissolving the government.  From 2002 to 2008, again this was the era of dictator.  Telecom sector made a remarkable development.  GDP was raised to about 9%.  His Policies and American support by him lead the country towards the serious threads of Terrorism.  Dictatorial behavior of Musharraf caused the political opposition against him.
  35. 35. Zia-Ul-Haq Ayub Khan Pervez Musharraf Benazir Bhutto Z.A Bhutto Nawaz Sharif Iskandar Mirza Ghulam Muhammad Asif Ali Zardari 5.88 5.82 5.14 5.08 4.83 4.06 3.02 2.95 2.62 COMPARING DEMOCRATIC AND DICTATORIAL RULE ECONOMIC GROWTH UNDER DIFFERENT RULERS * Highest GDP rate was observed on Dictator’s Rule.
  36. 36.  Ayub Khan and Zia's Eras are known as the Eras of development and peace.  Highest GDP rate was observed.  Likewise, Unfortunately every democratic government was blamed corrupt, and base of national as well as international disputes.  Democracy is legal type of government in which people elected from the citizens are offered to form the government.  but a dictator takes over the government when national disputes and confliction rises.  In the history dictatorial government has been proved to be the most economical and most administration leadership.  The reason is that, by the common person, some of the incompetent people are elected  They do not deserve to have the leadership.
  37. 37. So what should then we do ???  As democracy is the best form of government, so it should be appreciated.  Our duty is to nominate and elect the most capable person.  We should maintain a peaceful and administrative atmosphere in the country, even if going to criticize the government over an issue.  We should maintain a cooperative atmosphere with the representatives of governments  Military and Law enforcement departments should ensure the fair and rigging-free elections in the country.  No one should have exemption facing the Judiciary.  And Citizens should have awareness.  In these ways we can have a better democratic and peaceful atmosphere.
  38. 38. Conclusion  Total 10 General Elections held in Pakistan: o PPP won 5 times. o PML-N won 3 times. o PML-J won once. o PML-Q won once.  Total 4 time Martial Law was imposed: o 1st Marshal Law (M. Ayub Khan - 1958) o 2nd Marshal Law (M. Yahya Khan - 1969) o 3rd Marshal Law (M. Zia-ul-Haq - 1977) o 4th Marshal Law (Pervez Musharaf - 1999)  Major Parties o PML-N o PTI o PPP  Constitution of Pakistan o Constitution of 1956 o Constitution of 1962 o Constitution of 1973  Democracy vs. Dictatorship

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