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Photojournalism-The Basics

The Basics on photojournalism, principles and concepts.
Tips on how to be good photojournalist.
Credits to the authors I've used as a reference.

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Photojournalism-The Basics

  1. 1. It is a specialized branch of publication, the art and science of photography combined with the written words.
  2. 2. selecting pictures for publications
  3. 3. Technical Value 1st
  4. 4. A picture has a technical value when it is clear, free from smudges, clear and not blurred.
  5. 5. Editorial Value 2nd
  6. 6. It has editorial value when it tells a story at a glance, when it shows life happening, moment of truth and significance, meaning it has news value
  7. 7. To attract attention To illustrate a point in the story To tell a story itself through the aid of captions To tell a story in sequence with other illustrations To give visual relief to the layout
  9. 9. PhoToJournal ist
  10. 10. 1. Should have a working knowledge of his outfit --- camera, lens, and film.
  11. 11. 2. Should know a little of art and be possessed with a notion of contrast, composition, angle and shape.
  12. 12. 3. Must have a nose for drama, oddity, rarity, action and for human interest stories.
  13. 13. 4. Must be acquainted with the important as well as with the notorious people who break into the news often.
  14. 14. 5. Must have diplomacy and tact when covering risky assignments like fires, riots, rallies, and demonstrations.
  15. 15. 6. Must be acquainted with the libel laws, since libel suits can also proceed from pictures.
  16. 16. 1. Prominence Just like in a story itself, pictures of prominent personalities attract to the interest of readers.
  17. 17. 2. Action “Action speaks louder than words”
  18. 18. 3. Human interest Pictures that show emotion
  19. 19. 4. Drama Another form of human interest
  20. 20. 5. TimelinessPhoto credits: Toya and the Sun
  21. 21. CAPTION
  22. 22. WHAT IS A CAPTION? A caption is the text of body type, accompanying photos or art work or any pictorial illustration.
  23. 23. Captions should be . . .  written in short pithy sentences, average of 15 words for a sentence  tell and answer the basic question (Who, what, where, when, and why.)  identify everyone in the picture and be accurate. (Give the full Christian name, make it clear who is who.)  Match the caption with the mood of the picture  A caption is conversational  Captions should supplement what is seen  Should not contradict the photo  Don’t begin with “Photo shows”, “In the photo are. . .”  Don’t rewrite the news story as a caption  The caption should be intended, say an em or en at each side
  24. 24. Credits to: Toya and the sun The Picture Story It is the use of a series of pictures with a minimum of words called caption story. It also illustrate a “how to” article.
  25. 25. Credits to: Toya and the sun The Caption Story Most pictures in the feature section and in magazines are explained with a caption story in essay form. Aside from answering the important W’s, are descriptive, narrative and expository.
  27. 27. Perhaps the most well known principle of photographic composition is the ‘Rule of Thirds‘. One of the first things that budding digital photographers learn about in classes on photography is the basis for well balanced and interesting shots.
  28. 28. The ancient Greeks discovered the pleasing effect of objects with a rectangular shape. When a picture is divided into thirds, it is often most powerful if the focus of attention is in the intersection of two of the perpendicular lines.
  29. 29. Depth of Field refers to the area of a photograph, in front of ( foreground) or behind (background) the point of focus, that is considered acceptably sharp. DEPTH OF FIELD
  30. 30. The sharpest part of the image should be the point of interest, so focus must be taken cared of. If something other than the main subject is the sharpest part of the composition, the viewer’s eye will rest in the wrong place. Focus
  31. 31. Perspective refers to the relative size and depth of subjects within a picture. When the field of view is wide (image below) the perspective becomes more apparent because it is stretched. Perspective
  32. 32. Close objects appear much larger than those in the background. With a narrower field of view (above image), the perspective is foreshortened and becomes less apparent (blur).
  33. 33. Pattern There are patterns all around us if we only learn to see them. Emphasizing and highlighting these patterns can lead to striking shots – as can high lighting when patterns are broken.
  34. 34. Texture A two dimensional thing yet with the clever use of ‘texture’ they can come alive and become almost three dimensional.
  35. 35. Leading Lines/Lines Lines can be powerful elements in an image. They have the power to draw the eye to key focal points in a shot and to impact the ‘feel’ of an image greatly.
  36. 36.  Framing  Macro  Portrait  Human Interest  Action  Motion Blur  Life  Street Photography
  37. 37. Prepared by: Piscos, Norielle Ma BSED-ENG3A