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Survey of State Published Legal Information

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An overview of my research into the publication of legal information by state governments.

Publié dans : Droit
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Survey of State Published Legal Information

  1. 1. Photo: CC BY https://www.flickr.com/photos/99472898@N00/3573458354/ SURVEY OF STATE PUBLISHED LEGAL INFORMATION Sarah Glassmeyer, JD MLS Research Fellow, Harvard Library Innovation Lab
  2. 2. Hi.
  3. 3. CC BY-SA-NC https://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/
  4. 4. Why?
  5. 5. Access to Information is Access to Justice.
  6. 6. Photo CC BY-NC-ND https://www.flickr.com/photos/clement127/
  7. 7. Photo: CY BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/
  8. 8. http://www.brickshelf.com/cgi-bin/gallery.cgi?i=2893959
  9. 9. How?
  10. 10. Photo: CC BY https://www.flickr.com/photos/kwl/
  11. 11. Total sites visited: • 51 Code sites • 50 Regulation sites • 105 Court websites 17-18 Data Points per website
  12. 12. Major Conclusions
  13. 13. Currently impossible to do anything but the most basic legal research using government provided websites.
  14. 14. There exists (at least) 14 different types of hurdles in Access to Legal Information.
  15. 15. Photo: CCY BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/54459164@N00/
  16. 16. What do we mean when we say “Access to Law”?
  17. 17. Photo: CC BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/dunechaser/
  18. 18. Photo: http://rebrick.lego.com/en-US/bookmark/rabbit-in-the-hat/tcyfdk
  19. 19. CC BY-NC-ND https://www.flickr.com/photos/stavos52093/
  20. 20. CC BY-ND https://www.flickr.com/photos/matijagrguric/
  21. 21. What are the Impediments to Access?
  22. 22. Context CC BY-NC-ND https://www.flickr.com/photos/clement127/
  23. 23. CC BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/ntr23/ Cost
  24. 24. Citation
  25. 25. http://www.aallnet.org/mm/Advocacy/access/citation/neutralrules
  26. 26. 7% 88% 2% 3% Case Law Official Unofficial Mixed Unknown Officialness of Online Version of Law 6% 90% 4% Code Official Unofficial Unknown 20% 60% 20% Regulations Official Unoffical Unknown
  27. 27. Corporate Control Photo CC BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/
  28. 28. 92% 3%1% 4% All Online Publishing State Lexis State, Lexis State, West 24% 10% 65% 1% Official Print State Lexis West n/a Case Law Publishing
  29. 29. Code Publishing 82% 14% 2% 2% Online Publication State Lexis Conway Lawriter 42% 35% 19% 4% Official Print State Lexis West Lexis/West
  30. 30. Regulation Publishing 90% 4% 4% 2% Online Publishing State Lexis West Lawriter 68% 32% Official Print State Other/Unknown
  31. 31. Copyright Photo: CC CY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/joachim_s_mueller/
  32. 32. Copyright Notifications on Webpages 43% 57% Case Law Yes No 53% 47% Code yes no 30% 70% Regulations Yes No
  33. 33. NCSL 2011 Survey for Codes 21% 47% 21% 11% Copyright Claims on Code No Copyright Claim State Claims State Claims Partial Shared with Publisher
  34. 34. http://copyright.lib.harvard.edu/states/
  35. 35. http://copyright.lib.harvard.edu/states/ 33 official state codes are annotated.
  36. 36. http://copyright.lib.harvard.edu/states/ 33 official state codes are annotated. 3 of the annotated codes are published by the state.
  37. 37. Content/Archives
  38. 38. Ranges of archival materials Case Law (earliest date available) • Range: 1778 – 2015 • Median: 1997 Code (earliest date available) • Range: 1839 – 2015 • Median: 1994 Regulations (earliest date available) • Range: 1956 – 2015 • Median: 2000
  39. 39. Types of Archives 29% 18% 53% Code Current year only Code Session Law 21% 13% 66% Regulations Current year only Code Register
  40. 40. CC BY ND https://www.flickr.com/photos/warrenelsmore/ Container
  41. 41. 8% 85% 7% Case Law html pdf mixed 89% 7% 4% Code html pdf mixed 38% 30% 32% Regulations html pdf mixed
  42. 42. Citators Photo: CC BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/pixbymaia/
  43. 43. Currency https://ideas.lego.com/projects/102040
  44. 44. Correctness CC BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/
  45. 45. 43% 57% Case Law Disclaimer No Disclaimer 35% 65% Code Disclaimer No Disclaimer 22% 78% Regulations Disclaimer No Disclaimer
  46. 46. Control Photo: CC BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/dunechaser/
  47. 47. 8% 92% Case Law Restriction No Restriction 16% 84% Code Restriction No Restriction 22% 78% Regulations Restriction No Restriction
  48. 48. Cataloging Photo CC BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/eldave/
  49. 49. CC BY-NC-SA https://www.flickr.com/photos/ejpphoto/ Conveyance
  50. 50. Search
  51. 51. 16% 84% Case Law None Available 2% 53% 45% Code None Basic Advanced 26% 50% 24% Regulations None Basic Advanced
  52. 52. Impediment Wholesale Retail Context X Cost X X Citation X Corporate Control X X Copyright X Content X Container X X Citators X Currency X X Correctness X X Control X Cataloging X Conveyance X Search X
  53. 53. Further Questions and Thoughts…
  54. 54. It is possible that current government publishing efforts are doing more harm than good.
  55. 55. What are the actual legal research needs of the public, and what does an effective and sufficient legal information collection look like?
  56. 56. Should states outsource electronic legal information publication – maybe even designate these electronic versions official?
  57. 57. Do we want our states to concentrate on retail or wholesale publication of legal information (or both)?
  58. 58. What is the role of libraries in all of this?
  59. 59. Usability and UX issues abound.
  60. 60. How many people are turning to pay law sites for self-help?
  61. 61. Other Things I’m working on…
  62. 62. Topic Modelling Bug Tracking Random Acts of Freeing the Law Project X
  63. 63. Thank you!

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