2. • it refers to several diseases in which the arterial wall thickens and
loses its elasticity
• It is the thickening and stiffening of the artery walls from too much
3. • Sites of Arteriosclerosis
arteries in the:-
• abdominal aorta,
• or legs
4. • Risk Factors/Causes
• It takes years for you arteries to become brittle, hard and
• Increasing age
• Family history
• High cholesterol
• High blood pressure
• Healthy Lifestyle Exercise, Medication Surgery
Reducing dietary calcium and increasing magnesium intake
• Try to control stress
• Eat a healthy diet
• Refrain from smoking
• Get regular exercise
• Maintain healthy levels of cholesterol
• Maintain blood sugar, and blood pressure
6. • Coronary artery disease.
• coronary artery disease, which can cause chest pain (angina), a
heart attack or heart failure.
• Carotid artery disease. This can cause a transient ischemic
attack (TIA) or stroke.
• Peripheral artery disease.
• less sensitive to heat and cold, increasing your risk of burns or
frostbite. Rarely, a lack of blood flow to the arms or legs can
cause tissue death (gangrene).
7. • Aneurysms.
• . Pain and throbbing in the area of an aneurysm may occur and
is a medical emergency. If an aneurysm bursts, it can cause
life-threatening bleeding inside the body.
• Chronic kidney disease.
• Atherosclerosis can cause the arteries leading to the kidneys to
narrow. Narrowing of these arteries prevents enough oxygen-
rich blood from reaching the kidneys. The kidneys need enough
blood flow to help filter waste products and remove excess
8. • Types
• Monckeberg's arteriosclerosis or medial calcific
sclerosis is seen mostly in the elderly, commonly in
arteries of the extremities.
• Hyperplastic: Hyperplastic arteriosclerosis refers to the
type of arteriosclerosis that affects large and medium-
• Hyaline type: Hyaline arteriosclerosis, also referred to
as arterial hyalinosis and arteriolar hyalinosis, refers to
lesions that are caused by the deposition of
homogenous hyaline in the small arteries and arterioles.