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Surah an nur

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Surah an nur

  1. 1. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 1:• Some characteristics of this surah ---- Preserving chastity and enjoin Hijab for women.• Background of this Surah --- Battle with Banu Mustaliq and incident of Slender.• ----- Revealed by Allah and its injunctions are obligatory --- to take heed• Punishment of Adultery ---- Married/ Unmarried = Stoning to death/ 100 Lashes(Abrogation ofSurah Nissa Ayah 15,16)• Two examples of this punishment from Seerah ---- Are these punishment natural?
  2. 2. ICNA Sisters Wing• Reasons of Adultery and their check ---- Reformatory and prohibitory measures on a large scale--- Surah Ahzab(Mahrram, Hijab, Adornment) ---- legal punishment only as a last resort.• Softness in investigation of crime, not to publicize crimes, order to repent and if it reach a courtthen don’t cover up and publically punished and disgraced.• Adulterous and Mushrik --- Both heinous crimes, not fulfilling the rights, degradation of Humanrace --- Second injunction about marriage of Adulterous person.• If punishment is severe, conditions of proving it are also tough ---- Four witness.
  3. 3. ICNA Sisters Wing• Qazf -- Punishment of accusing a chastise women -- 80 lashes, if unable to bring four witness• Chastity of Women is important in Islam( Kabira sins) --- Qazif’s credibility is gone --- Fisq• Li’an -- Solution of a very complex situation when husband/wife are accusing each other of adultery.• Ayah 5 --- Repentance for all sins even the Major and greater sins.• Conditions for repentance --- Sincerity, feeling of remorse, asking for forgiveness, resolution of notto do it again, if it effect others try to recompense, charity and good deeds as expiation
  4. 4. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 2:• Incidence of Ifk --- Slender• Punishment of Qazf for those who participate in accusation.• Good coming out of evil.• Taking part in accusations, calumny & gossips -- Liable for what you earn in propagation of evil• Character of Abdullah bin Ubayy.• GoodEvil
  5. 5. ICNA Sisters Wing• Event in words of Aisha(RA) --- Her proficiency• Do not spread rumors --- Telling something without investigation --- One of the major sins(Muslim)• Have good opinion about Muslims --- Avoid bad suspicions• Be on the side of one who is accused --- His defense• Different forms of Indecency and their effects.• Painful chastisement for those who spread indecency ---- Why?
  6. 6. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 3:• Satan’s second attack after Shirk --- Propagate indecency and immorality ---Facebook, internet, movies, literature are used to spread barefacedness --- Illusion that this is anattack on Woman’s freedom, old fashioned, culture and tradition, necessity is permission itself.• An instruction to Abu Bakr(RA) not to stop support of Mistah bin Uthatha(RA).• Teaching of forgiveness and pardon -- Attitude of Ahsan towards those who repay good with evil.• Why we have to forgive/forbear ? -- So that this pardon will become Forgiveness for us in Hereafter.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLoEM5SLrFQA good lecture by Hafidh Wissam Sharieff (Two face book)
  7. 7. ICNA Sisters Wing• Curse of Allah on those who accuse chastise woman ---- Prestige and honor of women in Islam• Our hands, tongue and feet will be witness.• Decent & indecent cannot mix together ---- Satan’s manoeuver that thiscountry, atmosphere, civilization & culture is different, we can mix them because of peer pressure --Be careful/cautious.• Forgiveness and a generous provision for those who remain chastise, decent, pure and uncorrupt.
  8. 8. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 4:• Obtain permission when entering other houses ---- Avoid evil and attain purity.• ----- restrain ones gaze and avoid casting of looks freely. If it is notdesirable to see a thing, one should turn the eyes away and avoid having a look at it.• Men first and women next for this order but for adultery women first and men next ---- nature.• Allah due to His unlimited knowledge preventing the very birth of evil, to reform society and rootout the causes responsible for the creation and spread of evil.
  9. 9. ICNA Sisters Wing• Gaze leads to sexual desires and then Adultery --- Order to guard your private parts next.• Satar for man and women for each other --- Satar for women and women• Order for women, not to reveal their adornment --- includes attractive clothes, ornaments andother decorations of the head, face, hand, feet, etc.• There is a world of difference between "displaying something" and "its becoming displayed ofitself.“ The first implies `intention and the second compulsion and a state of helplessness.
  10. 10. ICNA Sisters Wing• Draw their veils over their bosoms ---- Purpose of Hijab to hide the natural bulginess --- Now weare making our dresses, hips, abayas with tight fitting ????? ---- We have to listen and obey evenif we are only one in the crowd following what Allah(SWT) ordered.• 12 Mahrams --- Husband, father, brother, son, step son, paternal nephew, maternalnephew, father in law, associate women, slaves, employees who don’t have sexual desires, boysunaware of woman’s matters.• Restriction on the walk that ignite sexual desires ---- Evaluate our tight clothes and walk?
  11. 11. ICNA Sisters Wing• Don’t expose what is concealed naturally.• Repentance on your past and avoid mistakes in future --- Fear of Allah• Solution to save society from Indecency -- Arrange early marriages/Lawful access for natural desires.• Even if the income is not yet sufficient, one should marry with full faith in Allah• Motivation towards emancipation of slaves.• Safeguard of chastity of slave girls ---- Do not compel them to prostitution ---- Reason of majorIndecency today.
  12. 12. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 5:• Verse of Radiance ---- (1) This universe in niche and Allah brighten everything with His light ---Things which facilitate brightening are quality of Oil, brilliance of the crystal and lights intensity. (2)The chest of a believer is like a niche, while the heart of the believer placed in the chest is like alamp (placed in the niche) ; transparent oil of olive is the light of guidance which is deposited inthe nature of believer and has the inherent capability to accept the Truth. When outside guidanceNur comes, both attract and flame up.
  13. 13. ICNA Sisters Wing• Characteristics necessary for the true perception of Allahs Absolute Light --- sincere love forHim, stands in awe of Him, seeks His favors and avoids His wrath; he is not lost in materialpursuits but in spite of his worldly engagements keeps his heart warm with Godsremembrance, gaze constantly on benefits of Hereafter and fear of accountability.• Good deeds of Disbelievers and Hypocrites --- Mirage, darkness in depth of sea
  14. 14. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 6:• Prayer of everything in this universal --- Extoling His glory --- Specially birds• Is rain only due to physical natural law ? ---- Advantages and disadvantages• Allah has created every animal from water.• Hypocrisy ---- Announcement of Faith on Allah and His messenger but turning away fromobedience.
  15. 15. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 7:• ----- True success• Intend is to be obedient not swearing of oath to convince sincerity.• Promise of vicegerent for those who are obedient --- establishment of deen• Ayah 55 – Istakhlaf ---- Be obedient, witness to man kind --- Allah will firmly establish their religionand He will replace state of fear with security.
  16. 16. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 8:• Importance of privacy ---- Injunction of seeking permission for Mahram & relative at specific times.• An exemption for old women in Hijab but even than no display of adornments.• Etiquettes of eating and serving food.• Individual or collective meal.• Salutation --- Salam --- Announcement of entrance & departure --- Greetings of peace & blessings.
  17. 17. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 9:• Respect and honor of Rasolallah(SAW)• Calling of the Messenger(SAW) --- Sunnah ---- Not an ordinary call but good Here and Hereafterboth depends on it.• Admonition to those who oppose Rasolallah(SAW)’s orders.