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WHATWHAT IS AIS A
HERO?HERO?
Hero, in the original Greek
sense, means a demigod – the
offspring of a god and a
mortal. But...
HEROHERO
as aas a
CHANGING CONCEPTCHANGING CONCEPT
Heroes contribute to
society’s necessary
business of reproducing
itself...
Recent Hero MythsRecent Hero Myths Take the film The Dark Knight,
for instance. It certainly
reflects some of the primary
...
The Development of HeroesThe Development of Heroes
Through the YearsThrough the Years
Perseus, the HERO who decapitated Medusa, willing relinquished the powerful weapon
and gave it to Athena. His heroic feats...
Old English / Anglo-Saxon Period
As with Greek
culture, the OLD
ENGLISH period
honors the warrior
hero. Beowulf, from
the ...
The Medieval Period
King Arthur and his
knights embody
the ideals of the
Medieval Period:
•Courage
•Loyalty to God
and to ...
Renaissance Period
A courtier whose
versatility led him
to excel in art,
literature,
diplomacy, warfare,
and everything
el...
Romantic Period
Lord Byron himself is
the paradigm for the
British Romantic
Hero, most often
known as the
BYRONIC HERO. Su...
The American Pioneer
The early
American hero, a
pioneer like
Daniel Boone
perhaps, shows
the values of a
new country:
cour...
A Changing STANDARD:
The American Romantic Hero
Consider the American
Romantic Hero and
how we, as a society,
have re-inve...
Modern LiteratureModern Literature
American Romantic HeroesAmerican Romantic Heroes
McMurphy’s sacrifice and
Chief’s coura...
Even our archetypal literary heroesEven our archetypal literary heroes
have changed to fit the times.have changed to fit t...
Aristotelian Tragic Hero
TRAGIC HEROES ARE:
BORN INTO NOBILITY:
RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR
OWN FATE
ENDOWED WITH A TRAGIC
FLAW
...
Arthur Miller’s
Common Man Tragic Hero
Arthur Miller , an
American author most
known for plays such
as Death of a
Salesman...
There are, however,There are, however,
CONSTANTSCONSTANTS
in HERO MYTHS…in HERO MYTHS…
HUMANISM, NATIONALISM, AND INDIVIDU...
What motivates the hero myth?What motivates the hero myth?
Humanism, nationalism, and individual or family pride are three...
Heroes NEED monsters.Heroes NEED monsters.
They would not exist without theThey would not exist without the
proverbial DRA...
Society functions
on a constant
battle between
good and evil. This
battle defines any
given society. It
doesn’t matter
wha...
Consider 1984’s Emanuel
Goldstein, for example
A Society’s
ULTIMATE VILLAIN
Hero Hunger
Our need to feed on Heroes…What they give us…
The Hunger for Heroes
Not everyone can be
a hero. That fact is
obvious in the very
definition of the term.
But, everyone
c...
HEROES
Provide inspiration – They remind us what
it means to be good. They show courage
against all odds.
They determine...
STUDENT RESPONSE….HWSTUDENT RESPONSE….HW
Who defines heroic action?
What role do heroes play in society?
What void do t...
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Hero introduction 2013

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Hero introduction 2013

  1. 1. WHATWHAT IS AIS A HERO?HERO? Hero, in the original Greek sense, means a demigod – the offspring of a god and a mortal. But, in a broader sense, a hero is one who stands out from ordinary men as one who embodies the values or ideals of a particular culture. Because values or ideals change according to place and time, the qualities of a hero change also. Thus, what is admired and imitated in one age or place may be considered unimportant or even perceived as negative in another era or location.
  2. 2. HEROHERO as aas a CHANGING CONCEPTCHANGING CONCEPT Heroes contribute to society’s necessary business of reproducing itself and its values. In helping to pattern the relationships among basic beliefs, values, and behaviors that organize social interaction, heroes produce a common social understanding of new social conditions. As values alter, so does our literature, so do our movies, so do the qualities of our mythical heroes.
  3. 3. Recent Hero MythsRecent Hero Myths Take the film The Dark Knight, for instance. It certainly reflects some of the primary political and social concerns of contemporary America. In doing so, it also presents the struggle of values Americans are up against. In the fight for a society to reproduce itself and its values, it must first define its values – determine a vision for what it ultimately wants to achieve. Contemporary America is now undecided. In today’s world, violence is reality. Fear is real. Corruption is constant. Do we, as a society, fight for ideals with truth and authenticity, or do we turn a blind eye to some of the questionable means used on the path to find them? The film presents two heroes to address the duality of our society’s value system.
  4. 4. The Development of HeroesThe Development of Heroes Through the YearsThrough the Years
  5. 5. Perseus, the HERO who decapitated Medusa, willing relinquished the powerful weapon and gave it to Athena. His heroic feats also include rescuing Andromeda from a sea creature, defeating numerous archaic monsters ,and providing the founding myths in the cult of the TWELVE OLYMPIANS. He was a warrior, who did what was best for his land. Greek heroes, coming from a warrior culture, were men of strength and courage. Although “larger than life,” in the sense that they were often half- gods, they were not immortal. But through their superhuman deeds and sufferings here on earth they achieved a type of immortality.
  6. 6. Old English / Anglo-Saxon Period As with Greek culture, the OLD ENGLISH period honors the warrior hero. Beowulf, from the Old English epic of that name, embodies qualities the Anglo-Saxons held in high esteem: courage, loyalty to king and to fellow warrior, the ability to perform superhuman deeds.
  7. 7. The Medieval Period King Arthur and his knights embody the ideals of the Medieval Period: •Courage •Loyalty to God and to King •Chivalrous behavior toward women and the helpless.
  8. 8. Renaissance Period A courtier whose versatility led him to excel in art, literature, diplomacy, warfare, and everything else, is a hero of this period. Leonardo da Vinci is an example of such an “UNIVERSAL MAN.”
  9. 9. Romantic Period Lord Byron himself is the paradigm for the British Romantic Hero, most often known as the BYRONIC HERO. Such a hero does not possess “heroic virtue” in the usual sense. He is often isolated, moody, sensitive, and rebellious. However, he also possesses courage and a fascination for others.
  10. 10. The American Pioneer The early American hero, a pioneer like Daniel Boone perhaps, shows the values of a new country: courage, desire to enter into the unknown, willingness to endure hardships, need to be independent.
  11. 11. A Changing STANDARD: The American Romantic Hero Consider the American Romantic Hero and how we, as a society, have re-invented the concept of a rebellious outcast who stands for the rights of the individual, who resists conformity, and who finds himself connected to a vision greater than himself. Such a hero is a constant in American culture, but his specific vision changes time-after-time to stay true to the period.
  12. 12. Modern LiteratureModern Literature American Romantic HeroesAmerican Romantic Heroes McMurphy’s sacrifice and Chief’s courage against oppressive authority Hester Prynne’s refusal to abdicate her personal dignity or to shirk personal responsibility
  13. 13. Even our archetypal literary heroesEven our archetypal literary heroes have changed to fit the times.have changed to fit the times. Consider the definition of a TRAGIC HEROConsider the definition of a TRAGIC HERO Aristotle Arthur Miller
  14. 14. Aristotelian Tragic Hero TRAGIC HEROES ARE: BORN INTO NOBILITY: RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR OWN FATE ENDOWED WITH A TRAGIC FLAW DOOMED TO MAKE A SERIOUS ERROR IN JUDGEMENT EVENTUALLY, TRAGIC HEROES FALL FROM GREAT HEIGHTS OR HIGH ESTEEM REALIZE THEY HAVE MADE AN IRREVERSIBLE MISTAKE FACE AND ACCEPT DEATH WITH HONOR MEET A TRAGIC DEATH FOR ALL TRAGIC HEROES THE AUDIENCE IS AFFECTED BY PITY and/or FEAR
  15. 15. Arthur Miller’s Common Man Tragic Hero Arthur Miller , an American author most known for plays such as Death of a Salesman and The Crucible, argues that a tragic hero need not be of high social standing. He asserts the value in the common man hero. A man with flaws, with meekness. What makes this man a hero is his desire and willingness to fight to maintain his own personal dignity.
  16. 16. There are, however,There are, however, CONSTANTSCONSTANTS in HERO MYTHS…in HERO MYTHS… HUMANISM, NATIONALISM, AND INDIVIDUALISM GOOD VS. EVIL HERO HUNGER
  17. 17. What motivates the hero myth?What motivates the hero myth? Humanism, nationalism, and individual or family pride are three suggested indicators of mythical heroes’ characterization. Humanism speaks of man as the center of all things, of the entire universe. Nationalism believes that a particular nation or culture is the best. Finally, each man desires to believe that his family, indeed he himself, embodies all the qualities of a hero. So, hero myths exalt the individual, the nation, and the entire human race.
  18. 18. Heroes NEED monsters.Heroes NEED monsters. They would not exist without theThey would not exist without the proverbial DRAGON.proverbial DRAGON. Need to Survive?What do Heroes
  19. 19. Society functions on a constant battle between good and evil. This battle defines any given society. It doesn’t matter what the evil is, as long as there is an evil against which to fight, against which to unite. MONSTERS provide purpose.
  20. 20. Consider 1984’s Emanuel Goldstein, for example A Society’s ULTIMATE VILLAIN
  21. 21. Hero Hunger Our need to feed on Heroes…What they give us…
  22. 22. The Hunger for Heroes Not everyone can be a hero. That fact is obvious in the very definition of the term. But, everyone craves a hero. We look for heroes. We push for heroes. We root for heroes. We celebrate heroes. Without them, we lose faith and hope and promise. Without them, life is ordinary and without purpose
  23. 23. HEROES Provide inspiration – They remind us what it means to be good. They show courage against all odds. They determine tradition and define our roles. They represent us. They are what we want to be. They show us that there is HOPE. They give us faith in a better future.
  24. 24. STUDENT RESPONSE….HWSTUDENT RESPONSE….HW Who defines heroic action? What role do heroes play in society? What void do they fill in the individual? On what do they feed? What is their ultimate function?

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