Deforestation is the removal of a forest or stand of trees
where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms,
ranches, or urban use.
An estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest, which is
roughly the size of the country of Panama, are lost each year, according to
the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Causes of Deforestation
1. Clearing land to
2. Felling trees for
4. Other land
Countries resort to deforestation to cope with
the increasing demand for housing brought
about by the growing population.
Logging, or simply cutting down trees for
timber is one of the main causes of
To provide land for food crops such as rice,
palm oil, for rearing cattle etc undisturbed
rainforest areas end up being removed.
Hundreds of trees are lost each year due to
fire in various portion of the world. Fire
whether caused by man or nature results in
huge lost of forest.
• Land for mining and industrial projects
• Building dams
• Mining require considerable amount of forest land.
• Apart from this roads and highways have to be built to
make way for Trucks and Equipment.
• Waste that comes from it pollutes the environment and
effects the nearby species.
• Deforestation greatly influences many lives
• In Southeast Asia deforestation contributed to migration and social
• In Brazil the poor people are constantly pressured to move from their
villages often to remote plantations where they have to work under
• Destroying sources of medicine
• Increasing food insecurity
• Flooding causing loss of many
lives and homes Disruption of
Disruption of livelihood
• Governments are able to enact ambitious domestic and
international forest policies that have wide-ranging effects.
• Implementation of anti-deforestation policies that require
suppliers and other stakeholders to operate in ways that do not
harm the environment.
Example- National Forest Policy-1988, says that 1/3rd of the
country should be under Forest or Tree Cover. Of which 60% in the
mountains and hill states and 20% in the plains.
•The cutting down of trees must
be countered by replacing old
ones that were cut with young
Trees are being planted
every year, but they still don’t
match the number of trees that
• Mass plantation
•Corporations are huge consumers of paper.
Management can work towards a paper-free office by
shifting towards email and soft-copies, and also
encourage their employees to recycle.
4. Minimise Paper wastage and Encourage recycling
• In some places, especially developing countries,
wood is still used as fuel. Use of renewable energy,
such as solar, geothermal and wind energy to help
5. Use of inexhaustible Renewable energy
6. Educating others about the importance of
Forest and its Reforestation
• Reforestation would facilitate the restoring the
ecosystem services provided by forests including
carbon storage, water cycling and wildlife habitat.
• Reducing the build up of carbon dioxide in the
• Rebuilding wildlife habitats.