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Deforestation ppt by prof. shashank chaurasiya

  1. DEFORESTATION BY: SHASHANK CHAURASIYA Bansal College of Pharmacy, Bhopal
  2. DEFORESTAT ION Deforestation is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. An estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest, which is roughly the size of the country of Panama, are lost each year, according to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
  3. World Status
  4. Causes of Deforestation 1. Clearing land to build housing 2. Felling trees for wood 3. Agriculture 4. Other land uses 4. Forest Fire Countries resort to deforestation to cope with the increasing demand for housing brought about by the growing population. Logging, or simply cutting down trees for timber is one of the main causes of deforestation. To provide land for food crops such as rice, palm oil, for rearing cattle etc undisturbed rainforest areas end up being removed. Hundreds of trees are lost each year due to fire in various portion of the world. Fire whether caused by man or nature results in huge lost of forest. • Land for mining and industrial projects • Building dams
  5. 1. Clearing land to build housing 2. Logging of trees
  6. 4. Forest Fire
  7. • Mining require considerable amount of forest land. • Apart from this roads and highways have to be built to make way for Trucks and Equipment. • Waste that comes from it pollutes the environment and effects the nearby species. Mining s
  8. Effects of Deforestati on
  9. • Deforestation greatly influences many lives • In Southeast Asia deforestation contributed to migration and social conflicts • In Brazil the poor people are constantly pressured to move from their villages often to remote plantations where they have to work under inhumane conditions • Destroying sources of medicine • Increasing food insecurity • Flooding causing loss of many lives and homes Disruption of Livelihoods Economical Effects Disruption of livelihood
  10. Solutio ns
  11. 1. Governments • Governments are able to enact ambitious domestic and international forest policies that have wide-ranging effects. • Implementation of anti-deforestation policies that require suppliers and other stakeholders to operate in ways that do not harm the environment. Example- National Forest Policy-1988, says that 1/3rd of the country should be under Forest or Tree Cover. Of which 60% in the mountains and hill states and 20% in the plains.
  12. •The cutting down of trees must be countered by replacing old ones that were cut with young ones. Trees are being planted every year, but they still don’t match the number of trees that we lost. • Mass plantation Programmes like Van Mohotsabha and b y Programm e various Afforestatio n organize organisatio n. 2. Reforestation
  13. • Government s have resources to allow the anti - deforestation organisation s to get their messageacross and of increase their sphere influence. • This is a good way to indirectly solve deforestation. 3. Supporting Organisation
  14. •Corporations are huge consumers of paper. Management can work towards a paper-free office by shifting towards email and soft-copies, and also encourage their employees to recycle. 4. Minimise Paper wastage and Encourage recycling • In some places, especially developing countries, wood is still used as fuel. Use of renewable energy, such as solar, geothermal and wind energy to help stop deforestation 5. Use of inexhaustible Renewable energy
  15. 6. Educating others about the importance of Forest and its Reforestation • Reforestation would facilitate the restoring the ecosystem services provided by forests including carbon storage, water cycling and wildlife habitat. • Reducing the build up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. • Rebuilding wildlife habitats.