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online assignment

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online assignment

  1. 1. ONLINE ASSIGNMENT Submitted To Ms. RAJINI Submitted By SHEMA MATHEW Reg.no: 16514384006 Option: ENGLISH S V M C T E, VENDAR
  2. 2. TOPIC : COLLABORATIVE LEARNING AND ITS STEPS INTRODUCTION Collaborative learning is a situation in which two or more people learn or attempt to learn something together. The real word demands collaboration, the collective solving of problems.
  3. 3. Collaborative learning is heavily rooted in Vygotsky’s views that there exists an inherent social nature of learning which is shown through his theory of zone of proximal development. Collaborative learning occurs when individuals are actively engaged in a community in which learning takes place through explicit or implicit collaborative efforts. COLLABORATIVE LEARNING The broadest [but satisfactory] definition of ‘collaborative learning’ is that it is a situation in which two or more people learn or attempt to learn something together. Collaborative learning is not one single mechanism. Collaborative learning is not a method because of the low predictability specific types of interactions. Collaboration is more than just working together in groups. It is the whole communication process in the classroom. The real word demands collaboration, the collective solving of problems and learning to get along, to function effectively in a group is essential. Evidence and experience also strongly suggest that an individual’s personal learning is enhanced by collaborative effort. The act of sharing ideas, of having to put one’s own views clearly to others, of finding defensible compromises and conclusions, is in itself educative. Collaborative learning is a situation in which two or more people learn or attempt to learn something together. Unlike individual learning , people engaged in collaborative learning capitalize on one another’s resources and skills [asking one another for information, evaluating one another ideas, monitoring one another’s work, etc.]. Collaborative learning is based on the model that knowledge can be created with in a population where members actively interact by sharing experiences and take on asymmetry roles. Collaborative learning refers to methodologies and environments in which learners engage in common task where each individual depends on and is accountable to each other. These include both face-to-face conversations and computer discussions. Collaborative learning processes include conversation analysis and statistical discourse analysis. Collaborative learning is heavily rooted in Vygotsky’s view that there exists an inherent social nature of learning which is shown through his theory of zone of proximal development. Collaborative learning is used as umbrella term for a variety of approaches in education that involve joint intellectual effort by students or students and teachers. Collaborative learning is commonly illustrated when groups of students work together to search for understanding, meaning, or solutions or to create an artifact or product of their learning. Collaborative learning activities can include collaborative writing, group projects, joint problem solving, debates, study teams, and other activities. The approach is closely related to cooperative learning. Collaborative learning occurs when individuals are actively engaged in a community in which learning takes place through explicit or implicit collaborative efforts. Collaborative learning has often been portrayed as solely a cognitive process by which adults participate as facilitators of
  4. 4. knowledge and children as receivers. However, Indigenous communities of the American illustrate that collaborative learning occurs on horizontal plane where children and adults are equals. Thus collaborative learning also occurs when children and adults in engage play, work, and other activities together. Steps of Collaborative learning 1. Identifying Common Ground Across Research Contexts : The design experiment laboratory science collaboration process is perhaps best conceived as a dialogue in search of common ground, rather than as an undirectional transfer of information from “research to application” or as a request for a lab to test specific hypothesis. As some laboratory investigations approach increasingly complex developmental learning questions. 2. Converging on Measures of Success : One useful activity is to establish shared understandings in the form of operational definitions of successful outcomes, thereby collaborating on artifacts that have currency in both communities of research. Although some measures are likely to be insensitive to many of the profound and subtle changes that a successful design experiment might engender with in a classroom, operational definitions hold the distinct advantage of being highly transportable from the context of the design experiment to other contexts, such as laboratory investigations. CONCLUSION Collaborative learning is an educational approach to teaching and learning that involves groups of learners working together to solve a problem, complete task or create a product. Collaborative learning is based on the idea that, learning is naturally a social act in which the participants talk among themselves. It is through the talk that learning occurs.
  5. 5. In a collaborative setting, the students have positive interdependence, individual accountability, face-to-face progressive interaction, appropriate use of collaborative skills and self setting of goals and periodical self-assessment. Learners get opportunity to converse with peers, present and defend ideas, exchange diverse beliefs, question other conceptual frame works, and to actively engage in the learning process. REFERENCES 1. Jamaluddeen K, Effective Teaching of English, Quality Publishers, Manjeri (2014). 2. Sivarajan K, English Language Education, Calicut University, Calicut (2014). 3. http://tewt.org/index.php/discussion-collaboration/blogs.

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