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Recent Technologies in Electronics & Communication and Computer Science

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Recent Technologies in Electronics & Communication and Computer Science

  1. 1. Shivananda (Shivoo) R Koteshwar LINKEDIN: https://in.linkedin.com/in/shivoo2life Facebook: shivoo.koteshwar ACS, Bangalore October 2017 Guest Lecture for UG/PG students
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  3. 3. "Big data is high volume, high velocity, and/or high variety information assets that require new forms of processing to e n a b l e e n h a n c e d d e c i s i o n m a k i n g , insight discovery and process optimization." 1/4
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  6. 6. 1/4 Reactive à Proactive à Predictive à Prescriptive
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  18. 18. ¡  IT, from infrastructure to applications, is delivered and consumed as a service over the network ¡  Services operate consistently, regardless of the underlying systems ¡  Capacity and performance scale to meet demand and are invoiced by use ¡  Services are shared across multiple organizations, allowing the same under-lying systems and applications to meet the demands of a variety of interests, simultaneously and securely ¡  Applications, services, and data can be accessed through a wide range of connected devices (e.g., smart phones, laptops, and other mobile internet devices) Characteristics 4/4
  19. 19. Fitness Trackers Sound Wall Pet Cube Google Glasses Connected Toothbrush
  20. 20. Regular watches getting smarter Mini 3D printer Pacif-I Melomind - electroencephalogram (EEG) Trackers Wireless Charging
  21. 21. https://med.stanford.edu/news/all-news/2017/02/scientists-develop-lab-on-a-chip-that- costs-1-cent-to-make.html
  22. 22. Fashion + Fitness Tracker The Ring Walk Car Smarthing Hub Bendy Liquid Metal Coils – Stretchable Speakers Autonomous Cars
  23. 23. Kuri robot nanny from Mayfield Robotics. This happy little robot roams your house, acting as a home security device,
  24. 24. Facebook Computer Vision Tags Google Voice
  25. 25. Google Pixel Buds Sony Glasses
  26. 26. ¡  In 1990 (twenty-five years ago), he predicted §  That computer would defeat a world chess champion by 1998. Then in 1997, IBM’s Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov §  That PCs would be capable of answering queries by accessing information wirelessly via the Internet by 2010. He was right! §  That by the early 2000s, exoskeletal limbs would let the disabled walk. Companies like Ekso Bionics and others now have technology that does just this, and much more ¡  In 1999, he predicted…… §  That people would be able talk to their computer to give commands by 2009. While still in the early days in 2009, natural language interfaces like Apple’s Siri and Google Now have come a long way §  That computer displays would be built into eyeglasses for augmented reality by 2009. Labs and teams were building head mounted displays well before 2009, but Google started experimenting with Google Glass prototypes in 2011 ¡  In 2005, he predicted…… §  That by the 2010s, virtual solutions would be able to do real-time language translation in which words spoken in a foreign language would be translated into text that would appear as subtitles to a user wearing the glasses. Well, Microsoft (via Skype Translate), Google (Translate), and others have done this and beyond. One app called Word Lens actually uses your camera to find and translate text imagery in real time.
  27. 27. ¡  By the late 2010s §  Glasses will beam images directly onto the retina. §  Ten terabytes of computing power (roughly the same as the human brain) will cost about $1,000. ¡  By the 2020s §  Most diseases will go away as nanobots become smarter than current medical technology §  Normal human eating can be replaced by nanosystems §  The Turing test begins to be passable §  Self-driving cars begin to take over the roads, and people won’t be allowed to drive on highways ¡  By the 2030s §  Virtual reality will begin to feel 100% real §  We will be able to upload our mind/consciousness by the end of the decade ¡  By the 2040s §  Non-biological intelligence will be a billion times more capable than biological intelligence (a.k.a. us) §  Nanotech foglets (self-reconfiguring modular robotics) will be able to make food out of thin air and create any object in physical world at a whim ¡  By 2045 §  We will multiply our intelligence a billion fold by linking wirelessly from our neocortex to a synthetic neocortex in the cloud.
  28. 28. ¡  2018 – 2019: Self-driving cars let human drivers relax behind the wheel ¡  2019 – 2020: 5G connectivity becomes the norm, replacing 4G; traveling into space becomes a leisure activity; eyewear comes equipped with tiny displays that project into the wearer's retina ¡  2026: Humans hand off household chores to domestic robots ¡  2030: Displays can be embedded into human skin and powered by the blood ¡  2034: Manned missions to Mars begin ¡  2036 - 2037: Materials are transported from the surface of the earth into space using an elevator-like structure ¡  2037 - 2038: Anti-aging drugs make us all look young and lovely forever
  29. 29. ¡  Social Business ¡  Gamification ¡  Enterprise Mobility ¡  User empowerment ¡  Hyper-Hybrid Cloud ¡  Big data ¡  G e o s p a t i a l visualization ¡  Digital Identifiers ¡  Measured innovation ¡  O u t s i d e - i n architecture
  30. 30. What are you missing?
  31. 31. ¡  Designing is a key component for innovation and development of electronic products ¡  Watch the technology Trends/ Drivers (multi disciplinary) ¡  Track Growth Markets – Healthcare, Automotive and Wearables
  32. 32. 1.  Reversing Paralysis 2.  Self-Driving Trucks 3.  Facial Recognition 4.  Practical Quantum computing 5.  360 degree camera 6.  Hot Solar cells 7.  Gene Therapy 2.0 8.  Cell Atlas 9.  Botnets of Things 10.  Reinforcement Learning Alexa Effect !
  33. 33. Existing Components ¡  Central processing Unit (CPU) ¡  Digital Signal Processing (DSP) ¡  Graphical processing Unit (GPU) New Components ¡  Neural Processing Unit (NPU) ¡  AI Accelerator Chip ¡  Brain inspired Computing ¡  Neuromorphic computing ¡  Neurosynaptic Chip (Cognitive Chip) ¡  Bionic Chip ¡  SDN (software-defined networking) ¡  NFV (network functions virtualization) ¡  Computer vision accelerator (CVA) ¡  pseudo-static RAM (PSRAM)
  34. 34. ¡  Watch the video https://newsroom.intel.com/editorials/intels-new-self-learning-chip-promises-accelerate-artificial-intelligence/? utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=organic_social&utm_campaign=ao_cx&sf117772156=1
  35. 35. ¡  3D Printing ¡  5G ¡  Advanced Robotics ¡  Advanced Data Visualization ¡  Autonomous Vehicles ¡  Biocomputers ¡  Biometrics ¡  Brain Computer Interface ¡  Block Chain ¡  Cloud Service Integration ¡  Cognitive Computing ¡  Containers ¡  Context Broker ¡  Deep Learning ¡  Digital workspace ¡  Digital signage ¡  Distributed Social Networks ¡  Edge Computing ¡  Exascale ¡  Fabric Based Computing ¡  Immersive Experience ¡  In-Memory Computing ¡  Insight Platforms ¡  IoT ¡  IPv6
  36. 36. ¡  Location Based Services NG ¡  LPWAN ¡  Memristors ¡  Natural User Interfaces ¡  NFC ¡  Open source hardware plastic Transistors ¡  Private Enhancing Technologies ¡  Quantum computing ¡  SDx ¡  Self Adaptive Security ¡  Semantic Technologies ¡  Smart Machines ¡  Swarm Computing ¡  Trusted Devices ¡  Ubiquitous PIM ¡  Virtual Assistants ¡  Wearable Computing ¡  Webscale Computing ¡  WebRTC ¡  Wireless Power
  37. 37. STUDY AREA RESEARCH OPPORTUNITY Evolution Genetic Algorithms Bio-degradation Biodegradability prediction Life Cellular automata Ants, Termites, Bees Emergent systems Brain Neural Networks Life Artificial Life Immune System Artificial Immune System Patterning of animal skins, bird feathers etc. Rendering in computer graphics Epidemiology and spread of disease Communication Networks and protocols` Intra membrane molecular processes in the living cell Membrane computers
  38. 38. Industry vertical Present state Future potential Access No connectivity Wireless Electromechanical meters Smart meters (AMI) Energy Incandescent lighting LEDs Energy shortage Green energy/energy efDiciency Healthcare Accessibility and cost Affordable devices/Telemedicine Education Limited education Digital classrooms/virtual classrooms Digitization Analog to digital Electronic society/Unique ID/TV, radio Security Human dependence Integrated surveillance systems Others (e.g. Automotive) High cost, High emission cars Low cost, Zero emission cars
  39. 39. ¡  High Market Growth - CAGR 9% for last 40years ¡  Rapid technological innovation ¡  Need for huge amounts of capital to support both growth and technological progress
  40. 40. ¡  Current market conditions and outlooks are mixed for the next few years, largely because of the fragile global economic outlook ¡  The automotive and industrial markets for semiconductors offer significant growth potential §  The automotive market will be driven by the number of vehicles produced in Brazil, Russia, India and China, and by an increase in the average semiconductor content per vehicle §  The industrial sector is growing because of increasing energy demands, a continuing trend toward renewable energies and the expansion of high-speed rail transportation ¡  Market Drivers §  Data Processing application market à Tablet §  Communications market à Smartphone §  Consumer Electronics à Digital Set-Top-Boxes ¡  China will cement its dominant position and increase its market share of global semiconductor sales to half of the worldwide market ¡  To meet global demands, global production capacity for semiconductors will increase ¡  Overall production capacity is sustaining progress toward smaller feature sizes and larger wafer diameters ¡  Operating profitability is back on the positive side of the ledger, except in the memory and back-end processes subsectors, which face strong competition and cycles of overcapacity ¡  Working capital is back to normal levels
  41. 41. ¡  Economies of scale and more technological challenges are driving another wave of acquisitions ¡  3 main drivers for acquisitions: §  Operational Synergies §  Horizontal Critical mass §  Vertical positioning
  42. 42. ¡  Employed in industries manufacturing electronic equipment, research and development ¡  Marketing and sales jobs for electronic products are another option ¡  Design, Implementation and testing in Semiconductor Industry ¡  Algorithm design, testing and support engineer in EDA companies (Tool companies) ¡  Electronic engineers who specialize in biomedical equipment find employment with bioengineering industries ¡  Market – Wearable Devices, Semiconductor and Energy sector
  43. 43. ¡  Design Companies-Companies which design ASICs/ASSPs/ Microprocessors §  MediaTek, Qualcomm, TI, ADI, Intel, AMD §  BTech/MTech pass-outs with customized training (Industry ready) ¡  EDA Companies Company that provides the tools in the ASIC Flow. §  Synopsys, Cadence, Mentor §  BTech/MTech pass-outs trained with their company tools so that they can influence indirectly the decisions made by the potential customers and mainly to reduce the support cost as these set of trained engineers will “support themselves” ¡  Design Services Companies §  Wipro, Tata Elxsi, Smartplay etc §  BTech/MTech pass-outs with customized training (Industry ready) §  BTech/MTech pass-outs with good project management skills and soft skills §  BTech/MTech pass-outs with customized advanced technology training (Industry placement ready) ¡  Soft/Hard IP Companies -Company that provides Intellectual blocks (IPs) that can be plugged into the product §  Processor (Embedded) Core IP : ARM, MIPS §  DSP IP companies §  Memories – Synopsys, Cadence §  Connectivity IPs – Cadence, Synopsys §  Similar to Design Companies
  44. 44. n  The basic skill required for a chip designer varies depending on the domain that one desires to specialize in, but in general strong background in electrical/electronics engineering and computer engineering is essential. n  Since the advances in VLSI happen at a rapid pace, ability to quickly and continuously learn is a must. n  In terms of specific skills, knowledge in following areas is required: digital design fundamentals, VHDL/Verilog, simulation and synthesis tools, computer architecture. n  To deal with the dearth of chip designers some companies are tying up with institutes offering training in chip design. If you do not have enough experience, you can take up a short-term course. n  Besides technical skills, it is equally important for an individual to work on enhancing his/her soft skills. Cross cultural work environments, demanding customers, deadlines and expanded job roles have made it imperative for employees to possess skills that go beyond just technical expertise. n  Effective communication skills, interpersonal skills, problem solving abilities, customer orientation etc are important for an individual to succeed in their roles.
  45. 45. ¡  Create a differentiator §  Building Blocks – Learn to stitch them together §  Connect concepts to Application §  Understanding the problem statement – Refining the problem statement, stating the unstated §  Improve Debugging Skills ¡  Good percentage/CGPA ¡  Additional credit/certification courses ¡  Additional workshop credits ¡  Independent Mini Project and Final Project ¡  Internship ¡  Conference Paper submissions - College, National & International ¡  Participation in extra curricular activities ¡  Improve your writing and presentation skills ¡  Solve puzzles ! ¡  Be up to date on latest technology trends, productivity tools and social media platform ¡  Do your master program
  46. 46. ¡  Supplement your classroom knowledge online §  Free computer science video courses at §  Stanford Engineering Everywhere (see.stanford.edu) §  MIT Open Courseware (ocw.mit.edu) §  IITs and IISc. Courses (nptel.iitm.ac.in) §  KhanAcademy.org §  TedEx and TED ¡  Develop software in college §  Paid or unpaid positions on campus §  Research Assistants for Professors (no task is below you) §  Publish applications on Apple AppStore, Windows Phone Marketplace, Android Market (one to two week effort) §  Publish websites for your community using free tools (WordPress, Facebook, etc.)
  47. 47. ¡  Company websites, blogs, newsletters and press releases ¡  Social Media §  Facebook (Like company page) §  YouTube (Watch speeches of key industry leaders, events, TED) §  Twitter (Follow Tweets) §  LinkedIn (Reviews) ¡  Books §  Autobiographies for historical perspective §  Books by major players in the target industry ¡  Movies §  The Social Network, Pirates of the Silicon Valley, Wall Street ¡  Industry Association and Conferences
  48. 48. ¡  Own your own growth §  Watch Stanford/ MIT courses to get different perspective from different professor (Even if all your teachers are great!) §  Maximize learning by offering to work on challenging projects (Do not sit idle, you will not grow) ¡  Look for long term success, not the immediate salary §  Focus on quality of projects offered, overlook designations §  Sometimes companies offer a high package for unattractive jobs (e. g. hours, timings, traveling job etc.) §  Give examples from relevant technology or projects during your interviews ¡  Everyone gets only 24 hours in day §  Use time wisely §  Avoid peer pressure
  49. 49. ¡  https://www.cognizant.com/InsightsWhitepapers/the-internet-of-things-impact-and-applications-in-the-high-tech- industry-codex1223.pdf? utm_source=perspectives&utm_medium=internal_banner&utm_campaign=perspectives_internal ¡  http://www.cloud-council.org/deliverables/CSCC-Impact-of-Cloud-Computing-on-Healthcare.pdf ¡  http://www.cisco.com/c/en_in/about/knowledge-network/cloud-computing.html ¡  https://www.simplilearn.com/data-science-vs-big-data-vs-data-analytics-article ¡  http://searchhealthit.techtarget.com/tip/Four-uses-for-artificial-intelligence-in-healthcare ¡  http://profit.ndtv.com/news/tech-media-telecom/article-20-crore-middle-class-youth-will-be-jobless-due-to- automation-by-2025-mohan-das-pai-1632831 ¡  https://www.ted.com/talks/bettina_warburg_how_the_blockchain_will_radically_transform_the_economy? utm_campaign=social&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_content=talk&utm_term=technol ogy (BLOCK CHAIN) ¡  https://medium.com/@thoszymkowiak/120-machine-learning-business-ideas-from-the-new-mckinsey-report- b81b239f336?lipi=urn%3Ali%3Apage%3Ad_flagship3_feed%3BY2z%2F4iSkTX6edcy1nPAifA%3D%3D ¡  https://www.techrevolution.asia/10-breakthrough-technologies-2017/? linkId=41779247&lipi=urn%3Ali%3Apage%3Ad_flagship3_feed%3BiMRkJ243Si%2BUfYMb2G%2BI4A%3D%3D ¡  https://newsroom.intel.com/editorials/intels-new-self-learning-chip-promises-accelerate-artificial-intelligence/? utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=organic_social&utm_campaign=ao_cx&sf117772156=1 ¡  https://www.pcworld.com/article/3226741/components-processors/loihi-is-intels-brainy-chip-designed-to-outthink- your-pcs-core-cpu.html ¡  http://semiengineering.com/machine-learning-meets-ic-design/#.WbnXv6eypYY.linkedin ¡  http://articles.sae.org/15639/? lipi=urn%3Ali%3Apage%3Ad_flagship3_feed%3BFaYncEioQRGFTikSfH6LUw%3D%3D ¡  https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/16/technology/chips-off-the-old-block-computers-are-taking-design-cues-from- human-brains.html
  50. 50. All pictures are from flickr. with either no copyright or common creatives
  51. 51. Visit my slideshare to view all these presentations
  52. 52. Shivananda (Shivoo) R Koteshwar General Manager & Site Head, Mediatek shivoo.koteshwar@gmail.com/ Facebook: shivoo.koteshwar LINKEDIN: https://in.linkedin.com/in/shivoo2life SLIDESHARE: www.slideshare.net/shivoo.koteshwar

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