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this is the travel & torism powerpoint presentation.hope it will b of gr8 use for all frankfinn students!...............from Tina l5 batch thane

this is the travel & torism powerpoint presentation.hope it will b of gr8 use for all frankfinn students!...............from Tina l5 batch thane


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Travel & Tourism

  2. 2. <ul><li>SELF INTRODUCTION…. </li></ul><ul><li>Hi my name is TINA and I'm from L5 batch of Frankfinn Institute of Airhostess Training. I'm 19 years old and am pursuing my Bachelor’s Degree in Art’s stream. I'm having an AMBIVERT personality and always work hard to achieve my goals. I'm focused and determined in reaching my dreams and turn them into reality.As its said that “ SKY IS THE LIMIT ”,I want to reach and survive to that limit.I have a passion for dance,good food and a life full of adventures & challenges.I believe in the saying “ IMPOSSIBLE MEANS I-AM-POSSIBLE ”and so always get what I want in life! </li></ul>
  3. 3. TRAVEL & TOURISM <ul><li>One of the earliest definitions of Tourism was provided by the Austrian economist in 1910, who defined it as, &quot;bob total of operators, mainly of an economic nature, which directly relate to the entry, stay and movement of foreigners inside and outside a certain country, city or a region.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Hunziker and Krapf, in 1941, defined Tourism as &quot;the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity.&quot; In 1976 Tourism Society of England defined it as &quot;Tourism is the temporary, short-term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. It includes movements for all purposes.&quot; In 1981 International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism defined Tourism in terms of particular activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home environment. </li></ul>
  6. 6. TASK 1 – The client MR.JACK D’SOUZA ,has informed that he would have to go out on a vacation…………..and others if any. (P2a) ANS : 1.Mr.Jack D’souza,a Businessman from Mumbai,wants to go on a vacation with his wife. 2.So he has approached our travel agency “TRAVEL PRIORITIES PVT LTD.” 3.As a travel agency escort I had to give him a planned vacation of the 4 beautiful countries that he wanted to go to. 4.So I chose the following 4 countries….
  7. 7. <ul><li>DUBAI - DXB (UNITED ARAB EMERITES – AE) </li></ul><ul><li>MAURITIUS - MRU (MAURITIUS – MU) </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE - SIN (SINGAPORE – SG) </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA - KUL (MALAYSIA – MY) </li></ul><ul><li>(The above given 2 letter are the country codes given by IATA….) </li></ul><ul><li>So now its my duty to explain them the history of the country,its major tourist attractions and all the documentations that are required to make their visit a memorable one….. </li></ul><ul><li>As it is mandatory for a travel agency to know about the passengers requirement of the places that he wishes to travel,a pre-forma has to be filled to help him out. So,Mr.Jack has filled the details and hence I have chosen the above 4 countries.the pre-forma is filled in the following manner….. </li></ul>
  10. 10. DUBAI
  11. 11. DUBAI COUNTRY : UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GOVERNMENT TYPE : : Constitutional monarchy  - Emir Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.  : Crown Prince - Hamden bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. POPULATION : 22,62,000 NATIONALITY : Emeriti CURRENCY : Dihram
  12. 12. HISTORY OF DUBAI <ul><li>DUBAI is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates on the Arabian Peninsula. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Although the early history of Dubai is not very well documented, archeological discoveries suggests that, as long as four thousand years ago, small fishing communities lived along the coast of the Arabian Gulf on the site of what we know today as Dubai. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1971 when the British left the Persian Gulf, Dubai together with Abu Dhabi and five other emirates, formed the United Arab Emirates. The UAE dirham was adopted in 1973 as the uniform currency, by Dubai and the other emirates. </li></ul><ul><li>Dubai's enormous constructions and developments in various industries through innovative real estate projects, sports events, shopping festivals and conferences has attracted world-wide attention for Dubai City, establishing it as the world's leading business hub. </li></ul><ul><li>Dubai has a rich cultural scene with art museums, film festivals (Dubai film festival) and performing arts centers, in addition to being a shopper's delight, hosting the annually held Dubai Shopping Festival. Dubai is a city of excitement waiting to be explored holding the potential for one of the most significant international cities of the 21st century. </li></ul>
  14. 14. ATTRACTIONS OF DUBAI <ul><li>The Dubai world trade centre </li></ul><ul><li>Dubai Creek </li></ul><ul><li>Dubai Museum </li></ul><ul><li>Bastakiya </li></ul><ul><li>Grand Mosque </li></ul><ul><li>Wafi city </li></ul><ul><li>Deira city centre </li></ul>
  15. 15. THE DUBAI WORLD TRADE CENTRE <ul><li>It is Considered to be one of Dubai's premier landmarks . </li></ul><ul><li>The complex houses 39-storeys of local and international companies </li></ul>
  16. 16. DUBAI CREEK <ul><li>Dubai Creek offers a picturesque glimpse of Dubai's trading heritage . </li></ul><ul><li>It can be crossed by Abra (water Taxi) </li></ul>
  17. 17. DUBAI MUSEUM <ul><li>Al Fahidi Fort, built last century, was renovated in 1970 to house a museum where 4000-year-old archaeological finds and dioramas of traditional life are among the many displays. </li></ul>
  18. 18. BASTAKIYA <ul><li>The earliest form of air conditioning, the wind tower, which was used to cool homes in the Gulf, can still be seen in the Bastakiya area, to the east of Al Fahidi Fort where many traditional courtyard houses can be found. </li></ul>
  19. 19. GRAND MOSQUE <ul><li>The Grand Mosque was only rebuilt in 1998 and boasts the city’s tallest minaret, at 70m (231ft). Located on the Bur Dubai side of the creek, near the Ruler’s Court, the Grand Mosque consists of nine large domes and 45 smaller ones. This huge religious edifice can house up to 1200 worshippers </li></ul>
  20. 20. WAFI CITY <ul><li>Wafi City is a shopping complex that hosts a variety of designer shops, boutiques and other entertainment facilities. </li></ul>
  21. 21. DERIA CITY CENTRE <ul><li>One of the biggest shopping malls in Dubai. </li></ul><ul><li>It boasts of an extensive variety of popular shops for fashion, electronics, cosmetics, furniture and more. </li></ul>
  22. 22. MAURITIUS
  23. 23. MAURITIUS COUNTRY : République de Maurice GOVERNMENT TYPE : Parliamentary Republic POPULATION : 12,64,866 GDP (PPP) : Total - $15.248 billion GDP (Nominal) : Total - $8.738 billion CURRENCY : Mauritian Rupee
  24. 24. HISTORY OF MAURITIUS <ul><li>The first Europeans to have visited Mauritius were the Portuguese at the beginning of the sixteenth century. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>The Dutch who settled in the island in 1598 named it Mauritius after Prince Maurice of Nassau. </li></ul><ul><li>Among other things, the Dutch introduced sugar cane and the Java deer before leaving in 1710 where they had found in the mean time a far better settling place </li></ul><ul><li>The Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. About five years later, in 1715, the French occupied the island, renaming it &quot;Isle de France&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>It was under the French Governor, Mahé de Labourdonnais, that Mauritius knew its first development: a harbour was built. Port Louis, named after the ruling king Louis XV, became the capital of Mauritius. </li></ul>
  26. 26. ATTRACTIONS OF MAURITIUS <ul><li>Pereybère </li></ul><ul><li>Cap Malheureux </li></ul><ul><li>Black River Gorges </li></ul><ul><li>Martello Towers </li></ul><ul><li>Dolphins </li></ul>
  27. 27. Pereybère <ul><li>It is a wonderful public beach popular because of its shopping facilities, restaurants and pubs. </li></ul>
  28. 28. CAP MALHEUREUX <ul><li>Cap Malheureux with its red roofed church, opens onto the northern islands with its large community of fisherman . </li></ul>
  29. 29. BLACK RIVER GEORGES <ul><li>This national park was created for the protection of Mauritius' remaining native forests. Visitors can enjoy magnificent landscapes, with endemic plants and rare bird species. </li></ul>
  30. 30. MARTELLO TOWERS <ul><li>It represent the scene of the ancient rivalry between old colonial powers and the ingenuity of mankind. They are a milestone in the island's history, they symbolise the end of slavery and the beginning of Indian immigration . </li></ul>
  31. 31. DOLPHINS <ul><li>Visitors do get a Unique opportunity to see Dolphins on the west coast of Mauritius. </li></ul>
  32. 32. SINGAPORE
  33. 33. SINGAPORE LOCATION : Tip of Malaya Peninsula GOVERNMENT TYPE : Parliamentary Republic POPULATION : 48,39,400 GDP (PPP) : Total - $238.755 billion GDP (Nominal) : Total - $181.939 billion CURRENCY : Singaporean Dollar
  34. 34. HISTORY OF SINGAPORE <ul><li>The world's busiest port, the modern nation of the Republic of Singapore, was founded as a British trading post on the Strait of Malacca in 1819. </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Tourism had been an important sector of Singapore's economy for more than a decade, averaging 16 percent of total foreign exchange earnings and 6 percent of GDP between 1980 and 1985. Tourist arrivals had dropped sharply in 1983, however, the first decline in over twenty years. The decrease resulted both from the regional and world economic downturn at that time and from travel restrictions instituted by neighboring countries to preserve their own foreign exchange. Observers noted also that Singapore was losing its &quot;oriental mystique and charm.&quot; In its effort to build a modern city, it had torn down old buildings and curtailed traditional street activities, aspects considered by tourists to be part of Singapore's attraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Although increasing the absolute number of visitor arrivals was the main target, a further aim was to attract the high-spending, business visitors attending conventions and trade exhibitions, which Singapore hosted in large numbers. </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Singapore Discover Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore Flyer </li></ul><ul><li>Snow City </li></ul><ul><li>Sentosa 4D magix </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore city Gallery </li></ul><ul><li>Sentosa Luge & Sky Ride </li></ul><ul><li>G-MAX reverse Bungee </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Adventure </li></ul>ATTRACTIONS OF SINGAPORE
  37. 37. SINGAPORE DISCOVERY CENTRE <ul><li>The new Singapore Discovery Centre consists of 5 main galleries around 8 different themes. Guests will be able to immerse themselves in Singapore’s past, present and future, travelling through time to key moments in Singapore’s nationhood and experiencing them “as they happen”. </li></ul>
  38. 38. SINGAPORE FLYER <ul><li>Singapore Flyer offers you breathtaking, 360° panoramic views of Singapore and beyond. </li></ul><ul><li>A central atrium opens out to a lush tropical rainforest, while an open-air theatre hosts live performances. </li></ul>
  39. 39. SNOW CITY <ul><li>At Snow City, Singapore’s first indoor snow centre, Visitors can experience real snow, a sub-zero climate and a three-storey high snow slope. </li></ul>
  40. 40. SENTOSA 4D MAGIX <ul><li>Sentosa 4D Magix presents the interactive experience with 4-dimensional digital effects. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also Southeast Asia’s first 4D theatre. </li></ul>
  41. 41. SINGAPORE CITY GALLERY <ul><li>Can see the whole of Singapore from a unique vantage point. </li></ul><ul><li>An exclusive, giant aerial photograph gives you a panoramic view of Singapore without climbing great heights. </li></ul>
  42. 42. SENTOSA LUGE & SKYRIDE <ul><li>The first ever Luge in Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>This luge is a fun-filled gravity ride that's safe for all ages. </li></ul>
  43. 43. G-MAX REVERSE BUNGEE <ul><li>Singapore’s first ever bungee. </li></ul><ul><li>Experience G forces similar to those experienced by astronauts in a rocket launch, all in the safety of the latest G-MAX technology. </li></ul>
  44. 44. FOREST ADVENTURE <ul><li>Forest Adventure is a Tree Top Course comprising ladders, bridges, swings, nets, trapezes and zip lines where participants move unaccompanied, from tree to tree. </li></ul>
  45. 45. MALAYSIA
  46. 46. MALAYSIA CAPITAL : Kuala Lumpur GOVERNMENT TYPE : Federal constitutional elective monarchy and Parliamentary democracy POPULATION : 28,276,000 GDP (PPP) : $384.119 billion GDP (Nominal) : $222.219 billion CURRENCY : Malaysian Ringget (MYR)
  47. 47. HISTORY OF MALAYSIA <ul><li>Malaysia's history starts generally around the establishment of the Malacca sultanate. During the 13th century, it was renowned as a major port for traders from both east and west. </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>The history of Malaysia is a relatively recent offshoot of the history of the wider Malay-Indonesian world”. It is so because anthropologists and historians could see very little aspects culturally and linguistically, to distinguish today’s Malaysian territories from the lands of the Malay Archipelago. According to their research, today’s division of the Malay world into six different states-- Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Brunei and East Timor – is largely the result of external influences, like the Hindu India, the Islamic Middle East and Christian Europe (west), China and Japan (north-east). Besides, the most direct shipping route passing through the Strait of Malacca, Malaysia has naturally been a melting pot of trade routes and cultures. Thus, it has been found out that the geographical position of Malaysia has literally made it difficult for the Malay people to resist foreign influence and domination. </li></ul>
  49. 49. ATTRACTIONS OF MALAYSIA <ul><li>Langkawi </li></ul><ul><li>Petronas Twin Towers, KLCC </li></ul><ul><li>Gunung Mulu National Park </li></ul><ul><li>Kinabalu Park </li></ul><ul><li>Sipadan Island </li></ul><ul><li>Sabah </li></ul>
  50. 50. LANGKAWI <ul><li>For beautiful scenery, great adventures and five-star conveniences, Langkawi is the place to getaway. </li></ul><ul><li>Langkawi has an underwater world, containing an underground tunnel that runs though a giant aquarium, that has gotten rave reviews. </li></ul>
  51. 51. TWIN TOWERS,KLCC <ul><li>The 88-storey Petronas Twin Towers, otherwise known as KLCC the world's tallest twin structures. Located in the heart of the capital city, the crown of the Kuala Lumpur contains a complex of office buildings, conference halls, a sprawling park and an up market shopping complex. </li></ul>
  52. 52. GUANG MULU NATIONAL PARK <ul><li>Mulu Caves National Park is home to one of the longest networks of caves in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>It consist of the world’s largest underground chamber, the Sarawak Chamber, capable of accommodating forty Boeing 747 airplanes. </li></ul>
  53. 53. KINABALU PARK <ul><li>The Kinabalu Park covers an area of 754 sq km and is made up of Mount Kinabalu, Mount Tambayukon and the foothills. </li></ul><ul><li>It was gazetted to preserve this valuable natural environment. </li></ul>
  54. 54. SIPADAN ISLAND <ul><li>Malaysia’s only oceanic island, it is very small. </li></ul><ul><li>Attracting diverse marine life from the blackness of the open sea. Surrounded by crystal clear waters, this crown jewel is a treasure trove of some of the most amazing marine animals. </li></ul>
  55. 55. SABAH <ul><li>Often called the 'Land Below the Wind' because it lies below the typhoon belt. </li></ul><ul><li>Mountainous and largely carpeted by lush tropical rainforests. </li></ul><ul><li>Sipadan island off the south eastern coast of Sabah, has been one of the top five dive sites in the world for years </li></ul>
  56. 56. TASK 2 – During the presentation, he asks you the following questions, please answer him : (P3 a) A.What would be the documents required normally for my visit to those places … (P2 b) B.What are the in-flight & other services………..will I be charged for it?……… (P4 a) (P4 b) C.The itinerary that you have made for me is it good one & how – What makes you think…… (P3 b) D.Ok!!! I like your presentation…ideas only E.Please tell me some regulations that would apply on my travel….exportable items. F.I keep on hearing about organizations….organization
  57. 57. TRAVEL DOCUMENTS FOR DUBAI <ul><li>A valid passport for minimum 3 months on arrival. </li></ul><ul><li>VISA : </li></ul><ul><li>The following DO NOT require a visa: 1) Nationals of United Arab Emirates. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Citizens of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar & Saudi Arabia. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Holders of a Visit Visa issued on arrival for stays up to 30 days (extension to 90 days possible, fee AED 500). </li></ul>
  58. 58. <ul><li>a) Holders of British passports, provided the status is “British Citizen” </li></ul><ul><li>b) Holders of passports issued by Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (S.A.R. passport holders), Iceland, Ireland Rep, Italy, Japan, Korea (South), Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States & Vatican City </li></ul><ul><li>No compulsory Vaccinations or immunization is needed. </li></ul>
  59. 59. TRAVEL DOCUMENTS FOR MAURITIUS <ul><li>A valid passport for minimum 6 months on arrival. </li></ul><ul><li>VISA </li></ul><ul><li>The following DO NOT require a visa: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Citizens of Mauritius, including the spouse of a citizen of Mauritius & persons who are residents of Mauritius under the Immigration Act Visa. </li></ul><ul><li>Notes: 1) Visas are issued on arrival to: </li></ul><ul><li>a) Nationals of United Kingdom (including dependent territories) </li></ul><ul><li>b) Nationals of Antigua & Barbuda, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominica, Finland, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guyana, Ireland Rep, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Portugal, Qatar, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United States, </li></ul>
  60. 60. <ul><li>United States, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Zambia & Zimbabwe. </li></ul><ul><li>c)For stays up to 3 months to nationals of Argentina, Brazil, Chile & Paraguay </li></ul><ul><li>d)For stays up to 14 days to nationals of Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Comoros, Fiji, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Madagascar, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine & Uzbekistan e) For stays up to 16 days to nationals of Korea (South). </li></ul><ul><li>Visa Special Notes : All visitors must hold onward/return tickets, documents required for next destination & sufficient funds for length of stay. </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow fever certificate if arriving from infected areas. </li></ul>
  61. 61. TRAVEL DOCUMENTS FOR SINGAPORE <ul><li>A valid passport for minimum 6 months on arrival. </li></ul><ul><li>The following REQUIRE a visa : </li></ul><ul><li>1) Holders of travel documents issued by Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, China, Egypt, Georgia, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan & Yemen. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Holders of Refugee Travel Documents issued by Middle East countries.Holders of Palestinian Authority Passports. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Holders of Hong Kong Documents of Identity. </li></ul><ul><li>5) Holders of Macao Special Administrative Region (MSAR) Travel Permit. </li></ul><ul><li>6) Holders of Temporary Passport issued by United Arab Emirates. </li></ul>
  62. 62. <ul><li>Visa Notes : Visitors are generally granted a 14-30 days Visit Pass if they meet entry requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>Visa Special Notes : </li></ul><ul><li>1) All visitors must hold confirmed. onward/return tickets, sufficient funds for length of stay & entry facilities (including visas) to their onward destinations. 2) Expectant women who are 6 months or more pregnant, and will be travelling through/into Singapore are required to apply for a Social Visit Pass (not applicable to those travelling in transit or not leaving the transit lounge & not passing through immigration clearance). </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow fever certificate if arriving from infected areas. </li></ul>
  63. 63. TRAVEL DOCUMENTS FOR MALAYSIA <ul><li>A valid passport for minimum 6 months on arrival. </li></ul><ul><li>Visa General : </li></ul><ul><li>The following DO NOT require a visa: 1) Nationals of Malaysia. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Holders of British passports, irrespective of endorsement in passport regarding their national status. </li></ul><ul><li>3) For stays up to 3 months by nationals of Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Rep, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland Republic, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea (South), Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay & Yemen. </li></ul>
  64. 64. <ul><li>4) For stays up to 1 month by nationals of: a) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belarus, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Equador, El Salvador, Estonia, Gabon, Georgia, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong (S.A.R. passport holders), Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Korea (North), Laos, Latvia, Lithuania, Macao (S.A.R. passport holders), Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Portugal, Russia, Sao Tome & Principe, Singapore, Slovenia, Sudan, Surinam, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vatican City, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zaire & Zimbabwe b) Holders of British National Overseas (BNO) passports </li></ul><ul><li>5) For stays up to 15 days by nationals of Iran </li></ul><ul><li>6) For stays up to 14 days by: Nationals of Chad, Comoros, Guinea, Iraq, Libya, Madagascar, Mauritania, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia & Syria, </li></ul>
  65. 65. <ul><li>The following are now eligible for a visa on arrival for a stay of up to 1 month: 1) Nationals of Andorra, British overseas citizens, British national overseas, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, Guinea, Holy Sea, Iraq, Madagascar, Mauritania, Senegal & Syria. The following are now eligible for a visa on arrival for a stay of up to 3 months: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Nationals of Cyprus, Estonia, Greece, Iran, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Portugal & Slovenia </li></ul><ul><li>Visa Notes : 1) Tourist passes are now available on arrival: </li></ul><ul><li>a) For stays of up to 15 days to nationals of Iraq b) For stays of up to 1 month to nationals of Zambia & Zimbabwe </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow fever certificate if arriving within 6 days from endemic areas. The countries & areas included in the endemic zones are considered infected. Exempt infants under 1 year. </li></ul>
  71. 71. VEGETARIAN MEAL (VGML) <ul><li>Meats, fish, poultry or eggs will be avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>Food included will be pure vegetarian in any style like Indian, Chinese, Continental etc. </li></ul>
  72. 72. SEAFOOD MEAL (SFML) <ul><li>Seafood is served in the main course. </li></ul><ul><li>Meal includes Appetizer , salad , Pan Fried Cod ,Fresh fruit , Bread roll, cheese and biscuits </li></ul>
  73. 73. CHILD MEAL (CHML) <ul><li>Strong spices, big pieces, gravies etc will be avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>This will include Bite-sized pieces of food liked by children, as they are easy to and digest and also it will nutritionally balanced. </li></ul>
  74. 74. VEG – LACTO MEAL (VLML) <ul><li>Meats, fish, poultry or eggs will be avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>The meal will include vegetarian meal with diary products in it. </li></ul>
  75. 75. MUSLIM/MOMHEDEAN MEAL (MOML) <ul><li>Pork, pork products and alcohol will be completely avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>Food will be prepared according to the muslim-shariat laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Only halal meat is used. </li></ul>
  76. 76. OTHER FACILITIES IN FLIGHT : <ul><li>Infant Carry cots - </li></ul><ul><li>Bassinet - </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  77. 77. <ul><li>Stretchers - </li></ul><ul><li>Wheel Chairs - </li></ul>
  78. 78. <ul><li>HOW IS THE ITINERARY PREPARED BY ME GOOD FOR THE CLIENT? </li></ul><ul><li>The countries that are selected for the client is Dubai, Mauritius, Singapore and Malaysia which are one among the best tourist destinations of the world. The whole trip will be fun packed and Useful for the client. </li></ul>
  79. 79. <ul><li>The client and his family can enjoy the wide range of cuisine that are provided during the flight. </li></ul><ul><li>They can explore Dubai which is known as one of the best ever known shopping destination. </li></ul><ul><li>The whole family can relax at its peak in the wide range of beaches at Mauritius. </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore has its historical value and a well established science gallery which will help the children in family in their education. </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia is a shopping destination and also a best place which really worth sight seeing and an ultimate point of relaxation for the entire family. </li></ul>
  81. 81. FLIGHT DETAILS <ul><li>Cochin to Dubai. </li></ul><ul><li>Air India flight # 6531 Airline code : AI . </li></ul><ul><li>Departure : Cochin , India - Cochin(COK). </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival : 12:45 PM ;  Dubai , United Arab Emirates-Dubai International (DXB). </li></ul><ul><li>Duration : 3hr 45min . </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Economy . </li></ul>1.COK - DXB
  82. 82. 2.DXB - MRU <ul><li>Dubai to Mauritius </li></ul><ul><li>Emirates flight # 701 Airline Code : EK </li></ul><ul><li>Departure : 02:55:00 Dubai (DXB). </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival : 09:25:00 Mauritius (MRU). </li></ul><ul><li>Flight duration : 6hr 30min. </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Economy. </li></ul>
  83. 83. 3.MRU - SIN <ul><li>Mauritius to Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Air Mauritius flight # 642 Airline code : MK </li></ul><ul><li>Departure : 10:05 pm Mauritius (MRU) </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival : 09:05am Singapore (SIN) </li></ul><ul><li>Flight duration : 7 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Economy </li></ul>
  84. 84. 4.SIN - KUL <ul><li>Singapore to Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>Japan airline flight # 721 Airline code : JL </li></ul><ul><li>Departure : 7:50 pm Singapore (SIN) </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival : 8:50 pm Malaysia (KUL) </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Duration : 1hr </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Economy </li></ul>
  85. 85. DAY TO DAY ITINERARY <ul><li>Day1 (4/07/09): Reach Dubai by 12:45pm drive from airport to Hotel Grand Hyatt by cab around 15 mins.(Cab will be provided) Reach there have lunch rest till 3pm, go for Dubai creek ride it will take around an hour then head towards Trade Centre,do shopping from there to city centre spent time there till 10 pm. Back to hotel room. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 2 (5/07/09) : Start from hotel at 9 am by car. Towards museum be there for 3 hours from there visit Bastakiya head towards grand mosque after that to airport reach airport by 12 midnight as next flight to Mauritius is at 2:55am. </li></ul>
  86. 86. <ul><li>Day 3 (6/07/09) : Reach Mauritius at 9:25 am by cab reach Hotel Oberoi Mauritius which is just 13.4 Miles far from the airport. Have breakfast and can take rest in the room till evening as night life in Mauritius is more happening than day outs. By 6 pm set out of the hotel by taxi to Pereybère which is famous for night parties and shopping be there till 12 midnight,Back to room. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 4 (7/07/09) : Start from hotel by 10 in the morning to Cap Malheureux.Then from there to Black River Gorges,there sight seeing will take around about 2 hours from there to Martello Towers,another an hour we can spent there from there straight to airport which will take around 45 mins reach airport by 7 pm as our next flight to Singapore is at 10:25 pm. </li></ul>
  87. 87. <ul><li>Day 5 (8/07/09) : Will reach Singapore by 9, in the morning stay at Hotel Ritz Carlton which is very near to the airport can be reached by Taxi, can take rest in the hotel till 3 pm,after that will go for Singapore flyer.From there to Discovery centre and City Gallery. Back to hotel. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 6 (9/07/09) : Set out by 10 in the morning to Sentosa 4D theatre,which is more than an hour drive from the hotel.From there to Sentosa Luge and sky ride,by then time will be 7pm then drive back to hotel. </li></ul>
  88. 88. <ul><li>Day 7 (10/07/09) : Start from the hotel to Snow city will take around 45 mins in car there would have to spent around 1 hour from there to GMAX Bungee and to forest for adventures. Reach airport by 4 next flight to Malaysia is at 7.50pm reach Malaysia by 9pm. Head to Hotel Four Seasons which is very near to the Kuala Lumpur International airport. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 8 (11/07/09) : Set out from the Hotel to Langkawi by car from there to Gunung Mulu National Park then from there to Petronas Twin Towers, from there back to hotel. </li></ul>
  89. 89. <ul><li>Day 9 (12/07/09) : Start from hotel at 9 am by car to Kinabalu Park spent there around 2-3 hours from there to Sipadan Island which will take more than two hours by local cab spent there around 3 or more hours, from there head to Sabah and spent there around an hour and back to room. </li></ul>
  91. 91. IMPORT EXPORT RULES <ul><li>Import allowance : 2,000 cigarettes or 400 cigars or 2kg of tobacco. b) 2 lit of spirits & 2 lit of wine ( non-Muslims only ). c) A reasonable quantity of perfume </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited/Restricted : Prescribed drugs or over-the-counter medicines may be restricted, check prior to departure. Natural or cultured unstrung pearls except for personal use, firearms and ammunition, drugs. Wines, spirits & pork products ( Muslims only ). </li></ul>1.DUBAI (DXB)
  92. 92. 2.MAURITIUS <ul><li>Import Allowances : For persons of 18 years of age or older: a) Tobacco (including cigars and cigarettes) not exceeding 250gr b) 1 lit of spirits and 2 lit of wine, ale or beer c) 250cl of toilet water and 10cl of perfume for personal use </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited/Restricted : The import of sugar-cane is strictly prohibited. Plants, Fruits, Flowers & Pets require clearance of the Ministry of Agriculture. Firearms & ammunition must be declared to customs on arrival </li></ul>
  93. 93. 3.SINGAPORE <ul><li>Import Allowances : a) For persons of 18 years of age or older, having arrived from countries other than Malaysia & have spent not less than 48 hours outside Singapore immediately before arrival; 1 lit of spirits, 1 lit of wine & 1 lit of beer. b) Goods up to the value of SGD 50 if outside Singapore for less than 24 hours (persons 18 years or older), SGD 150 if outside Singapore for 24 hours or more but less than 48 hours (SGD 50 for persons below the age of 18), SGD 300 if outside Singapore for 48 hours or more (SGD 100 for persons below the age of 18). </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited/Restricted : Chewing tobacco & imitation tobacco products, chewing gum, cigarette lighters of pistol or revolver shape, controlled drugs & psychotropic substances, firecrackers, obscene articles/publications/video tapes/discs & software, reproduction of copyright publications/video tapes/disks/records or cassettes/men with hair below shoulder level (hippies). </li></ul>
  94. 94. 4.MALAYSIA <ul><li>Import Allowances : a) 200 cigarettes or 225gr of tobacco or 50 cigars. b) 1 lit of wine or 1 lit of spirits or 1 lit of malt liquor c) Gifts & souvenirs not exceeding a total value of MYR 200. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited/Restricted : All goods from Haiti & Israel. Indecent or obscene print. Counterfeit notes or coins. Cloth bearing the imprint or reproduction of any verses of the Quran. </li></ul><ul><li>Note : the trafficking of illegal drugs is a serious offence in Malaysia and such an offence carries the death penalty </li></ul>
  95. 95. INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION (IATA) <ul><li>IATA is an international trade body, created some 60 years ago by a group of airlines. Today, IATA represents some 230 airlines comprising 93% of scheduled international air traffic. The organisation also represents, leads and serves the airline industry in general . </li></ul>
  96. 96. <ul><li>The International Air Transport Association was founded in Havana, Cuba, in April 1945. It is the prime vehicle for  inter-airline cooperation in promoting safe, reliable, secure and economical  air services - for the benefit of the world's consumers. The international  scheduled air transport industry is now more than 100 times larger than it was in 1945. Few industries can match the dynamism of that growth, which  would have been much less spectacular without the standards, practices and procedures developed within IATA. </li></ul>
  97. 97. LOGO OF I.A.T.A
  98. 98. ACTIVITIES OF IATA <ul><li>Implement IATA Safety Audit for Ground Operations (ISAGO), conducting at least 60 station audits and 8 headquarters audits </li></ul><ul><li>Develop plan to address future airline training and qualification requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve a reduction of at least 6 million tones of CO2 from operations and infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Implement a strategy to reach carbon neutral growth </li></ul><ul><li>Develop standards and guidelines for an industry carbon offset programme and pilot it with at least 6 airlines in four different regions </li></ul>
  99. 99. <ul><li>Achieve 100% E-Ticketing penetration in IATA Billing and Settlement Plan (BSP) on 1 June 2008 and implement a program to eliminate remaining paper documents by developing an electronic multi-purpose document (EMD) </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure 130 airports offer Common Use Self-Service (CUSS) facilities by end 2008 and that 200 airlines are Bar Coded Boarding Pass (BCBP)-enabled Implement e-freight pilots at 8 additional locations (14 total) by end 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct 2 pilots in each area of Fast Travel Launch the Baggage management Improvement Program (BIP) at 6 airports </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve savings/cost avoidance of $1.5 billion in industry taxes, charges and fuel fees, including at least $800 million in real cost reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Launch four new initiatives to reduce airline costs and improve service. </li></ul>
  100. 100. UNITED FEDERATION OF TRAVEL AGENTS’ ASSOCIATION ( UFTAA ) <ul><li>The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. In 1989, coming from Brussels, UFTAA set up its General Secretariat in the Principality of Monaco. </li></ul><ul><li>UFTAA started its operation as a Confederation on January 1st, 2003. It is a non-profit Confederation of international scope, representing Regional Federations comprising some 80 national associations. </li></ul>
  101. 101. LOGO OF U.F.T.A.A
  102. 102. ACTIVITIES OF UFTAA <ul><li>To unite and consolidate the Federations of Travel Agents’ National Associations and to globally enhance the interests of their members. </li></ul><ul><li>To represent the travel agents’ activities before various world-wide bodies, governmental authorities and suppliers. </li></ul><ul><li>To work towards the adoption of measures that will ease travel for the consumer and to offer services to its member federations. </li></ul>
  103. 103. PACIFIC AREA TRAVEL ASSOCIATION <ul><li>PATA has been privileged to represent the travel and tourism industry of Asia Pacific for more than half a century. It is a region so vast and varied that one could spend a lifetime exploring it.   </li></ul><ul><li>Founded : 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>Founder members : 44 </li></ul><ul><li>First conference : 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Head quarters established in :1953 at Sanfrancisco USA </li></ul>(PATA)
  104. 104. LOGO OF P.A.T.A
  105. 105. <ul><li>PATA promotes developing and facilitating travel to and within the Pacific area region and the South-East Asia region including India. </li></ul><ul><li>It provides the meeting point for all the people involved in the travel trade and all the activities related to it from a large number of countries. </li></ul><ul><li>It assists small and upcoming destinations to develop their infrastructure, providing expertise, planning group travel schemes,destinations,hotels operations and discounts. </li></ul><ul><li>It provides up to date information on the field of tourism and the practical and theoretical experience in the field of tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>The annual conferences of PATA and its workshops provides greater scopes to its member to share their ideas and exchange views about tourism promotion in their respective countries. </li></ul>ACTIVITIES OF PATA :
  106. 106. INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION (ICAO) <ul><li>The consequence of the studies initiated by the US and subsequent consultations between the Major Allies was that the US government extended an invitation to 55 States or authorities to attend, in November 1944, an International Civil Aviation Conference in Chicago. Fifty-four States attended this Conference end of which a Convention on International Civil Aviation was signed by 52 States set up the permanent International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) as a means to secure international co-operation an highest possible degree of uniformity in regulations and standards, procedures and organisation regarding civil aviation matters. At the same time the International Services Transit Agreement and the International Air Transport Agreement were signed. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important work accomplished by the Chicago Conference was in the technical field because the Conference laid the foundation for a set of rules and regulations regarding air navigation as a whole which brought safety in flying a great step forward and paved the way for the application of a common air navigation system throughout the world </li></ul>
  107. 107. <ul><li>ICAO founded in1947. </li></ul><ul><li>ICAO composed of 185 members. </li></ul><ul><li>ICAO provides technical assistance to countries. </li></ul><ul><li>ICAO provides technical publications and social studies. </li></ul>
  108. 108. LOGO OF I.C.A.O
  109. 109. ACTIVITIES OF ICAO <ul><li>Ensure the safe and orderly growth to international civil aviation throughout the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage the arts of the aircraft design and operation for the peaceful purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage the development of the railways, airports and navigation facilities for ICAO. </li></ul><ul><li>Meets the needs of the people of the world for safe regular efficient, economical air transport. </li></ul>
  110. 110. <ul><li>Prevent economic waste caused by unreasonable competition. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that the rights of the contracting country has a fair opportunity to operate international airlines. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid discrimination between contracting countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote safety of flight in international air navigation. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote generally the development of all aspects of International civil aeronautics. </li></ul>
  111. 111. CHICAGO CONVENTION <ul><li>The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels from tax. </li></ul><ul><li>The document was signed on December7, 1944 in Chicago, Illinois, by 52 signatory states. It received the requisite 26th ratification on March 5, 1947 and went into effect on April 4,1947, the same date that ICAO came into being. In October of the same year, ICAO became a specialized agency of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). The Convention has since been revised eight times (in 1959, 1963, 1969, 1975, 1980, 1997, 2000 and 2006). Links to all versions of the document can be found in the external links section. </li></ul><ul><li>The original signed document resides in the National Archives of United States. </li></ul>
  112. 112. ANNEXES <ul><li>The Convention is supported by eighteen annexes containing standards and recommended practices (SARPs). The annexes are amended regularly by ICAO and are as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>- Annex 1 - Personnel Licensing </li></ul><ul><li>- Annex 2 - Rules of the Air </li></ul><ul><li>- Annex 3 - Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol I - Core SARPs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol II - Appendices and Attachments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Annex 4 - Aeronautical Charts </li></ul><ul><li>- Annex 5 - Units of Measurement to be used in Air and Ground Operations </li></ul><ul><li>- Annex 6 - Operation of Aircraft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part I - International Commercial Air Transport - Aero planes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part II - International General Aviation - Aero planes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part III - International Operations – Helicopters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Annex 7 - Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Annex 8 - Airworthiness of Aircraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Annex 9 - Facilitation </li></ul></ul>
  113. 113. <ul><li>- Annex 10 - Aeronautical Telecommunications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol I - Radio Navigation Aids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol II - Communication Procedures including those with PANS status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol III - Communication Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Part I - Digital Data Communication Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Part II - Voice Communication Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol IV - Surveillance Radar and Collision Avoidance Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol V - Aeronautical Radio Frequency Spectrum Utilization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Annex 11 - Air Traffic Services - Air Traffic Control Service, Flight Information Service and Alerting Service </li></ul><ul><li>- Annex 12 - Search and Rescue </li></ul><ul><li>- Annex 13 - Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation – </li></ul><ul><li>- Annex 14 - Aerodromes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol I - Aerodrome Design and Operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol II – Heliport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Annex 15 - Aeronautical Information Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Annex 16 - Environmental Protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol I - Aircraft Noise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vol II - Aircraft Engine Emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Annex 17 - Security: Safeguarding International Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Annex 18 - The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air </li></ul>
  114. 114. WARSAW CONVENTION <ul><li>The Warsaw Convention is an international convention which regulates liability for international carriage of persons, luggage or goods performed by aircraft for reward. </li></ul><ul><li>Originally signed in 1929 in Warsaw (hence the name), it was amended in 1955 at The Hague and in 1975 in Montreal. United States courts have held that, at least for some purposes, the Warsaw Convention is a different instrument from the Warsaw Convention as Amended by the Hague Protocol. </li></ul><ul><li>In particular, the Warsaw Convention : </li></ul><ul><li>mandates carriers to issue passenger tickets; </li></ul><ul><li>requires carriers to issue baggage checks for checked luggage; </li></ul>
  115. 115. <ul><li>It creates a limitation period of 2 years within which a claim must be brought (Article 29); and </li></ul><ul><li>limits a carrier's liability to at most: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>250,000 Francs or 16,600 Special Drawing Rights (SDR) for personal injury; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17 SDR per Kilogram for checked luggage and cargo, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5,000 Francs or 332 SDR for the hand luggage of a traveler. </li></ul></ul>
  116. 116. <ul><li>The sums limiting liability were originally given in Francs (defined in terms of a particular quantity of gold by article 22 paragraph 5 of the convention). These sums were amended by the Montreal Additional Protocol No. 2 to substitute an expression given in terms of SDR's. These sums are valid in the absence of a differing agreement (on a higher sum) with the carrier. Agreements on lower sums are null and void. </li></ul><ul><li>On April 1,2007, the exchange rate was 1.00 SDR = 1.135 EUR or 1.00 SDR = 1.51 USD. </li></ul><ul><li>A court may also award a claiming party's costs, unless the carrier made an offer within 6 months of the loss (or at least 6 months before the beginning of any legal proceedings) which the claiming party has failed to beat. </li></ul><ul><li>The Montreal Convention, signed in 1999, will replace the Warsaw Convention system, once Montreal has been ratified by all states. Until then, however, there will be a patchwork of rules governing international carriage by air, as different states will be parties to different agreements (or no agreement at all). </li></ul>
  117. 117. TASK 3 : MR.JACK D’SOUZA IS TRYING…….COLLECT ALL THOSE INFORMATON. (M1,M2,M3) ANS : The organizations like IATA,UFTAA,PATA are established for the convenience and assistance of the tourists who are travelling world wide…. Now lets study how and in what way are they helpful for the tourists….
  118. 118. HOW TRAVEL ORGANIZATIONS HELP THE TOURISTS & TOURISM ? <ul><li>International Air Transport Association (IATA). </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Federation of Travel Agent’s Association (UFTAA). </li></ul>
  119. 119. IATA <ul><li>Air transport is one of the most dynamic industries in the world. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is its global trade organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 60 years, IATA has developed the commercial standards that built a global industry. Today, IATA’s mission is to represent, lead and serve the airline industry. Its members comprise some 230 airlines - the world’s leading passenger and cargo airlines among them - representing 93 percent of scheduled international air traffic. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA seeks to improve understanding of the industry among decision makers and increase awareness of the benefits that aviation brings to national and global economies. It fights for the interests of airlines across the globe, challenging unreasonable rules and charges, holding regulators and governments to account, and striving for sensible regulation. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA’s aim is to help airlines help themselves by simplifying processes and increasing passenger convenience while reducing costs and improving efficiency. The groundbreaking Simplifying the Business initiative is crucial in this area. Moreover, safety is IATA’s number one priority, and IATA’s goal is to continually improve safety standards, notably through IATA’s Operational Safety Audit (IOSA). Another main concern is to minimise the impact of air transport on environment. </li></ul>
  120. 120. <ul><li>IATA ensures that people and goods can move around the global airline network as easily as if they were on a single airline in a single country. In addition, it provides essential professional support to all industry stakeholders with a wide range of products and expert services, such as publications, training and consulting. IATA’s financial systems also help carriers and the travel industry maximize revenues. </li></ul><ul><li>For consumers, IATA simplifies the travel and shipping processes, while keeping costs down. Passengers can make one telephone call to reserve a ticket, pay in one currency and then use the ticket on several airlines in several countries. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA allows airlines to operate safely, securely, efficiently and economically under clearly defined rules. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA serves as an intermediary between airlines and passenger as well as cargo agents via neutrally applied agency service standards and centralized financial systems. </li></ul><ul><li>A large network of industry suppliers and service providers gathered by IATA provides solid expertise to airlines in a variety of industry solutions.  </li></ul><ul><li>For governments, IATA seeks to ensure they are well informed about the complexities of the aviation industry to ensure better, long-term decisions </li></ul><ul><li>IATA's goal is to help its Members provide a seamless travel experience to their customers. As today's business is driven by consumer expectations, our challenge is to meet those expectations in a financially sustainable business environment. </li></ul>
  121. 121. <ul><li>E-ticketing (ET) is one of the Simplifying The Business initiatives with the most significant opportunities to reduce costs and improve passenger convenience.  It reduces ticket processing charges, eliminates the need for paper and allows greater flexibility to the passenger and the travel agent to make changes to the itinerary. </li></ul><ul><li>The Simplifying Passenger Travel (SPT) Program is an initiative that focuses on the passenger and facilitating their journey while emphasizing the security benefits of processing 'known' passengers automatically, thereby freeing-up resources to concentrate on 'unknown' passengers. </li></ul><ul><li>The aim is to improve the passenger travel experience by replacing repetitive checks of passengers and their documents with a new streamlined system. The new system will collect the information once and then share it electronically with subsequent service providers to clear the passenger through their entire journey. </li></ul>
  122. 122. <ul><li>The SPT Program has built a unique multi-sectoral membership consisting of airlines, airports, control authorities and technology suppliers, all working towards the common goal of bringing the vision of &quot;simplified and secure passenger processing&quot; to reality. </li></ul><ul><li>This will provide: </li></ul><ul><li>hassle free travel for passengers </li></ul><ul><li>easier pre-travel procedures for travel agents </li></ul><ul><li>streamlined processing for airlines </li></ul><ul><li>better use of resources by airports </li></ul><ul><li>efficient and secure transportation for governments </li></ul>
  123. 123. <ul><li>IATA was instrumental in developing the first version of the passenger ticket </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1920s, each airline used a different form of the passenger ticket with no standard conditions of carriage </li></ul><ul><li>The industry recognized need for standardization of traffic documents, regulations and procedures </li></ul><ul><li>It became the main focus of the IATA Traffic Committee which developed the standard ticket for multiple trips (1930) </li></ul><ul><li>Warsaw Convention (signed in 1929 implemented in 1933) established the conditions of international air transportation documents and carrier liability </li></ul><ul><li>IATA developed a neutral paper ticket in 1972 to support the global distribution system that is prevalent today – more than 60,000 travel agents around the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is what is being eliminated by the industry </li></ul></ul>
  124. 124. <ul><li>In 1983 IATA established the Automated Ticket and Boarding Pass (ATB) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It allowed information to be printed on the face of the ticket and encoded on a magnetic stripe on the back which could be easily read by computer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Montreal Convention of 1999 replaced the Warsaw Convention introducing the concept of unlimited liability </li></ul><ul><li>Around the same time document requirements for passenger, baggage and cargo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>were simplified to take advantage of new information technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>became basic foundation for the development and global implementation of the electronic ticket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial Services: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Efficient and cost-effective management of revenues and cash is essential for the financial health of your organization. </li></ul><ul><li>With IATA, you benefit from the unique strengths of our financial settlement systems established for the industry. </li></ul>
  125. 125. UFTAA <ul><li>The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1989, coming from Brussels, UFTAA set up its General Secretariat in the Principality of Monaco. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>UFTAA started its operation as a Confederation on January 1st, 2003. It is a non-profit Confederation of international scope, representing Regional Federations comprising some 80 national associations. </li></ul><ul><li>UFTAA is a world body representing the travel agency and tourism industry. UFTAA effectively represents Travel Agents and Tour Operators views on both Inbound and Outbound travel by continuous dialogue and consultation with other international organizations such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the International Hotel and Restaurant Association (IH&RA) the International Union of Railways (IUR), the International Road Union (IRU), </li></ul>
  126. 126. <ul><li>and the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) to mention only a few. UFTAA has consultative status with the UN/NGO/ECOSOC, and works closely with other world bodies such as UNESCO, WHO etc for a sustainable and responsible tourism. UFTAA is an affiliate member of the World Tourism Organization (WTO) and its Business Council (WTOBC). </li></ul><ul><li>UFTAA’s mission is to be an international forum where matters affecting the world travel industry are addressed, representing and defending the interests of incoming and outgoing tour operators, travel and tourism agencies before the governmental bodies, suppliers and other entities of international scope. It also aims at strengthening its members’ image and enhance the world travel and tourism industry and a sustainable tourism. - To comply with its mission, the Confederation develops the following functions : - To unite and consolidate the Federations of Travel Agents’ National Associations and to globally enhance the interests of their members ; - To represent the travel agents’ activities before various world-wide bodies, governmental authorities and suppliers ; - </li></ul>
  127. 127. <ul><li>To work towards the adoption of measures that will ease travel for the consumer and to offer services to its member federations ; - To be an investigation and information centre supporting the member Federations’ work and to offer information for technological development ; - To offer, as a voluntary mechanism, an arbitration service which assists in solving conflicts resulting from commercial relations for which amicable settlement cannot be reached ; - To organize a world congress of travel agents and other meetings necessary to the exchange and transmission of knowledge. </li></ul>
  128. 128. <ul><li>The first and foremost reason is that we have made this especially for Mr.D’souza. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not a common package for every clients. </li></ul><ul><li>We consider each and every package individually. </li></ul><ul><li>We have designed your package purely depending on your personal interest. </li></ul><ul><li>And we make sure that you get the best service through out your journey and you have a pleasant holiday. </li></ul><ul><li>Another thing that we have given the priority to is your safety and security. We have selected the countries keeping the political condition prevailing there in mind. So we make sure that you and your family is safe. </li></ul><ul><li>And we are providing you the best package at a very reasonable rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Our package includes all the local transportation in each country. </li></ul><ul><li>Package includes meals like lunch, dinner etc.. </li></ul>TASK 3 : A . WHY WILL I CHOOSE YOUR PACKAGE…SUPPORT YOUR ARGUMENTS… (D1,D3)
  129. 129. <ul><li>We do provide free tickets to sentosa 4D theatre as a gift. </li></ul><ul><li>More over we have direct contacts with the airline and also with hotels. There are no third party between us and airlines or hotels. </li></ul><ul><li>our own staff will come at each country to help you and serve you through out your journey. </li></ul><ul><li>We will make sure that the package will be very interesting, safe , fun packed at the same time affordable for you. </li></ul><ul><li>That is the reason why this package is better than that which are offered by the other travel agencies. </li></ul>
  130. 130. TOUR COSTING AIR SEGMENT LAND ARRANGEMENT AIR TICKET BASIC FARE TRANSFER HOTEL ACCOMD. SITES Now lets see the total tour cost that MR.Jack D’souza has to pay for this 4 country tour… (To let you know that I have understood the unit of tour costs,I have given an in depth calculation of the entire tour..)
  131. 131. TOTAL TOUR COSTING ( PER PERSON ) CONVERSION TABLE COUNTRY CURRENCY INDIAN RUPEES 1 DIHRAM = 13.0364 INR 1 SIN DOLLAR = 32.9358 INR 1 KUL RINGGIT = 13.5825 INR 1 MUR RUPEE = 1.5024 INR 2480 2550 11,400 2900 TOTAL COST 750 750 3500 700 SIGHT SEEING 700 X 2 700 x 2 2600 x 2 800 x 2 HOTEL STAY 330 400 2700 600 TRANSFERS MALAYSIA (KUL ringget) SINGAPORE (SIN dollar) MAURITIUS ( MUR rupee) DUBAI (dihram)
  132. 132. Now as we have found out the individual tour costs*,we will give MR.Jack D’souza the final tour package (* - the individual tour costs is per person ) DUBAI : 2900 DIHRAMS = 2900 x 13.0364 (1 dihram = 13.0364 INR) = 37,805 INR. MAURITIUS : 11,400 MUR RUPEES = 11,400 x 1.5024 (1 MUR rupee = 1.5024 INR) = 17,128 INR . SINGAPORE : 2250 SIN DOLLARS = 2250 x 32.9358 (1 SIN dollar = 32.9358 INR)
  133. 133. = 74,105 INR. MALAYSIA : 2480 KUL RINGGET = 2480 x 13.5825 (1 KUL ringget = 13.5285) = 33,684 INR. So the total tour cost comes to : 37,805 + 17,128 + 74,105 + 33,684 = 1,62,722/- INR This tour cost is per person….. But to add to this,we need to add the agent mark- up, So, 20% of 1,62,722 = 35,544.4 INR I.e 35,555 INR Therefore,the entire tour package costs RS.3,61,099/- for Mr.Jack D’souza.
  134. 134. <ul><li>Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>{ * Mode of transportation – Cruise } </li></ul>B. WHAT IF I SAY THE PACKAGE REQUIRES A LOT…..DOCUMENTS (D2) ANS… As Mr.Jack D’souza isn’t happy with the documentation procedures,I have decided to give him an alternate tour with less documents required….so the other 4 countries* are as follows…
  135. 135. GREECE <ul><li>Greece lies at the juncture of Europe, Asia and Africa. It is heir to the heritages of ancient Greece, the Roman and Byzantine Empires and nearly four centuries of Ottoman rule. Greece is the birthplace of democracy Western philosophy the Olympic Games, Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama including both tragedy and comedy. </li></ul><ul><li>Greece is a developed country, a member of the European Union since 1981, a member of the Economic and Monetary union of the European Union since 2001, NATO since 1952, the OECD since 1961, the WEU since 1995 and ESA since 2005.Athens is the capital; Thessaloniki, Patras, Heraklion, Volos, Ioannina, Larissa and Kavala are some of the country's other major cities. </li></ul>
  136. 136. ATTRACTIONS IN GREECE <ul><li>Acropolis of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Red Beach </li></ul><ul><li>Temple of Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>Plaka Market </li></ul><ul><li>Vlihada Beach </li></ul>
  137. 137. ACROPOLIS OF GREECE <ul><li>The stunning rock defines the city and is the main attraction when it comes to things to do in Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>The Acropolis in Athens is the most famous acropolis in Greece, and the entire world, for that matter. </li></ul><ul><li>Things to consider at the Acropolis are the fact that you have to check any bag you are carrying before entering, and during the summer it can get pretty warm. </li></ul>
  138. 138. RED BEACH <ul><li>The Red Beach found on the Greek island of Santorini is a mesmerizing stretch of red sand that is set against a truly stunning backdrop of scaling red cliffs. </li></ul><ul><li>The crystal-clear blue waters of the Aegean Sea uniquely contrast the stunning red-colored sands, all set against a prolific cliff background.  </li></ul>
  139. 139. TEMPLE OF ZEUS <ul><li>The Temple of Zeus in Athens is located near the center of the city, just about a quarter of a mile to the southeast of the Acropolis, and within a quarter mile south of Syntagma Square and the Parliament Building. </li></ul><ul><li>An interesting note in the history of the temple of Zeus is that Hadrian, upon dedicating the temple to Zeus, erected two large statues in the center of the building.  </li></ul>
  140. 140. PLAKA MARKET <ul><li>The Plaka in Athens, is the city’s oldest neighborhood, and most of it has been relegated to foot traffic. </li></ul><ul><li>Although every day shopping in Plaka is a good day, Sundays are when the masses arrive. </li></ul>
  141. 141. VLIHADA BEACH <ul><li>On the Island of Santorini, the stunning vistas and relaxing beaches are mostly what attract visitors to this highly popular vacation destination </li></ul><ul><li>Vlihada is a small, coastal village that can be found on the southern side of the island </li></ul>
  142. 142. SPAIN <ul><li>The history of Spanish people is a mixture of the Roman, Moslem, Greek, Phoenician, and North African people that have, at one time or another throughout history, called the Iberian Peninsula home. With access to both the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, present-day Spain (which shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal) was a vital trading link and entry point into both northern Africa and Southern Europe. The history of Spain has been influenced tremendously by this cross current of ethnicities and religions. </li></ul>
  143. 143. ATTRACTIONS IN SPAIN <ul><li>Picasso Museum </li></ul><ul><li>Pamplona </li></ul><ul><li>Guell Park </li></ul><ul><li>Caves of Drach </li></ul><ul><li>Toledo </li></ul>
  144. 144. PICASSO MUSEUM <ul><li>The Picasso Museum highlights include: Picasso’s childhood drawings made in La Coruna between the ages of 10 and 14, his blue period paintings, and his 44 cubist Las Meninas studies. </li></ul><ul><li>Barcelona’s Picasso Museum is composed largely from the private collection of the artist’s longtime friend, Jaime Sabartes. </li></ul>
  145. 145. <ul><li>The running of the bulls in Pamplona Spain was first made famous in Ernest Hemingway’s novel The Sun Also Rises. Since then, tourists have flocked to the Basque town of Pamplona Spain every June to sing, dance, drink, and careen down the town’s cobbled streets with a herd of angry and confused bulls charging behind them during the running of the bulls Pamplona. </li></ul>PAMPLONA
  146. 146. GUELL PARK <ul><li>Park Guell Barcelona is the perfect setting to enjoy a cold drink, play a game of Frisbee, or simply take in the fabulous views of the city and harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>The serpentine bench at Guell Park that encircles the main ground is one of the most unique features of this Alice in Wonderland-like park </li></ul>
  147. 147. CAVES OF DRACH <ul><li>Of all of the beautiful and adventurous places to go in Mallorca Spain, the most famous tourist attraction is the Caves of Drach (Caves of the Dragon). </li></ul><ul><li>The caves consist of 12 main areas and other impressive chambers such as the Black Cave, the White Cave, and the Luis Salvator Cave </li></ul>
  148. 148. TOLEDO <ul><li>Perched atop a rocky mountain and surrounded by yellow hillsides, the medieval city Toledo Spain is one of the oldest towns on the Iberian Peninsula, and a perfect day trip </li></ul><ul><li>More than religious architecture, Toledo is known for the imposing Alcazar fortress. </li></ul>
  149. 149. ITALY <ul><li>For thousands of years, Italy has been at the forefront of modern culture. The birthplace of the Roman Empire and fountainhead of the Renaissance, Italy has retained a prominent spot atop the global radar since long before the time of Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>Giuseppe Garibaldi formed the current kingdom of Italy in 1861, but the roots of Italian history date back to a largely undocumented tribe called the Etruscans. </li></ul>
  150. 150. ATTRACTIONS IN ITALY <ul><li>Leaning Tower of Pisa. </li></ul><ul><li>Vatican museum. </li></ul><ul><li>Italian Opera. </li></ul><ul><li>Piazza Navona. </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Etna Volcano. </li></ul>
  151. 151. LEANING TOWER OF PISA <ul><li>The Tower of Pisa is the bell tower of the Cathedral. Its construction began in the august of 1173 and continued (with two long interruptions) for about two hundred years, in full fidelity to the original project, whose architect is still uncertain. </li></ul><ul><li>Both because of its inclination, and its beauty, from 1173 up to the present the Tower has been the object of very special attention. </li></ul>
  152. 152. VATICAN MUSEUM <ul><li>Located on the north side of Vatican City, a spiral ramp leads visitors inside the Vatican museum, a haphazard array of corridors and papal spaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though the Renaissance paintings garner much of the praise heaped on the museum, the Vatican library holds an impressive and enchanting collection of crumbling documents, medieval treaties and antique books. </li></ul>
  153. 153. ITALIAN OPERA <ul><li>The history of Italian opera is forever interwoven with the aristocratic leaders of the time - the musical form was derived from courtly entertainment in palaces all over the world and originally conceived as a recreational activity performed for only the very wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Many Italian opera houses built during this time still exist today, and most of them still hold performances on a regular basis. </li></ul>
  154. 154. PIAZZA NAVONA <ul><li>Piazza Navona Rome  is one of the finest squares found in all of the city, and anywhere else, for that matter.  </li></ul><ul><li>Three magnificent fountains occupy the Navona Square, built upon the ruins of the first century Stadium of Domition. </li></ul><ul><li>This explains its long, oval shape and it is a place where ancient Romans used to watch a variety of games and races.  </li></ul>
  155. 155. MOUNT ETNA VOLCANO <ul><li>Standing at almost 11,000 feet, Mount Etna dominates the Sicilian skyline, a vague threat situated near the island's eastern coast. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the most active volcano in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The ancient Greeks believed it to be the home of Vulcan, the god of fire - to them, Mount Etna erupting merely meant Vulcan was forging weapons for Mars, the god of war </li></ul>
  156. 156. FRANCE <ul><li>F rance is an independent nation in Western Europe and the center of a large overseas administration. It is the third-largest European nation (after Russia and Ukraine). </li></ul><ul><li>S ince the 17th century, France has played a major role in European and world events. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 20th century, it has experienced numerous crises, including the devastation of two world wars, political and social upheavals, and the loss of a large empire in Indochina, Algeria, and West and Equatorial Africa </li></ul>
  157. 157. ATTRACTIONS IN FRANCE <ul><li>Eiffel Tower </li></ul><ul><li>Disneyland </li></ul><ul><li>Flea Market </li></ul><ul><li>Versailles and its Chateau </li></ul><ul><li>Grand Theatre - Opera National de Bordeaux </li></ul>
  158. 158. EIFFEL TOWER <ul><li>The Eiffel Tower is the most recognizable landmark in Paris and is known worldwide as a symbol of France.  </li></ul><ul><li>The structure was built from 1887 to 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle (1889), a World's fair marking the centennial celebration of the French revolution.  </li></ul>
  159. 159. DISNEYLAND <ul><li>Disneyland Resort Paris, originally known as Euro Disney, is a theme park run by Euro Disney SCA, 39% of which is owned by The Walt Disney Company, in Marne-la-Vallée near Paris </li></ul><ul><li>The park also has its own train station where the TGV (named Thalys when coming from Brussels) stops and its own RER (commuter train) station, so when visiting Paris you can hop on the RER and stop right in the park.  </li></ul>
  160. 160. FLEA MARKET <ul><li>In French &quot;aux Marche Puces de St Ouen&quot; or if we want the real French spelling &quot;aux Marché Puces de St Ouen&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Probably the greatest antique market in the world. </li></ul>
  161. 161. VERSAILLES & ITS CHATEAU <ul><li>Versailles used to be an unimportant village a few miles west of France until May 6, 1682 when King Louis XIV moved his court to the Palace of Versailles there. </li></ul><ul><li>Versailles is now a very bourgeois suburb of Paris.  </li></ul>
  162. 162. GRAND THEATRE – OPERA DE BORDEUX <ul><li>Considered by many to be the cultural heart of the city, this elaborately carved opera house surprises the senses with its fine architecture and interior design as well as its world-class performances </li></ul>
  163. 163. DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR GREECE <ul><li>Passport must be valid for at least 3 months beyond date of departure. </li></ul><ul><li>Schengen Visa. </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow fever certificate if arriving from infected areas. (Exempt infants under 6 months). </li></ul>
  164. 164. DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR SPAIN <ul><li>A valid Passport. </li></ul><ul><li>Schengen Visa. </li></ul><ul><li>No compulsory vaccinations. </li></ul><ul><li>However check travelers have up to date tetanus & polio immunizations. </li></ul>
  165. 165. DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR ITALY <ul><li>Passports must be valid for at least 3 months from the expiry of the visa. </li></ul><ul><li>Schengen Visa. </li></ul><ul><li>No compulsory vaccinations and immunizations needed. </li></ul>
  166. 166. DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR FRANCE <ul><li>A valid passport up to 3 months from the expiry of the visa. </li></ul><ul><li>Schengen Visa. </li></ul><ul><li>No compulsory vaccination and immunization needed. </li></ul>
  167. 167. WHY LESS DOCUMENTS ARE REQUIRED FOR THESE COUNTRIES ? <ul><li>Countries that we have selected Greece,Spain,Italy and France needs only few documents to travel because we are carrying a common visa that is Schengen Visa instead of carrying individual Visa’s for each country. </li></ul><ul><li>A Schengen visa allows the holder to travel freely within the Schengen countries for a maximum stay of up to 90 days in a 6 month period. </li></ul>
  168. 168. SCHENGEN VISA <ul><li>The Schengen Visa has made traveling between its 15 European member countries much easier and less bureaucratic. Traveling on a Schengen Visa means that the visa holder can travel to any (or all) member countries using one single visa, thus avoiding the hassle and expense of obtaining individual visas for each country. This is particularly beneficial for persons who wish to visit several European countries on the same trip. The Schengen visa is a “visitor visa”. It is issued to citizens of countries who are required to obtain a visa before entering Europe. The purpose of the visit must be leisure, tourism, or business. Upon the issuance of the visa, the visa holder is allowed to enter all member countries and travel freely throughout the Schengen area. </li></ul>
  169. 169. COUNTRIES WHERE WE CAN TRAVEL WITH THE SCHENGEN VISA : <ul><li>Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>Finland </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Iceland </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Luxemburg </li></ul><ul><li>Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>The Netherlands </li></ul>
  171. 171. <ul><li>UNIT 10 – </li></ul><ul><li>Has any of the international organizations……support your arguments with appropriate data & statistics. (P1,2,3 & 4) </li></ul><ul><li>ANS. </li></ul><ul><li>Talking about the international organizations,I would like to give information about the organization that are helping the tourism industry grow to a very great extent. So I am choosing the organization P.A.T.A I.e. PACIFIC AREA TRAVEL ASSOCIATION . </li></ul><ul><li>How has it helped the TRAVEL INDUSTRY grow? </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Area Travel Association (PATA) promotes travel to countries in the Pacific region, including SE Asia, North America, Australia, China, Japan Korea and more. </li></ul>
  172. 172. <ul><li>PATA offers professional advice and forums on a wide range of subjects to its members and provides a forum where tour operators, hotels, airlines and other travel industry providers can exchange ideas and develop their businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>The relevant STATISTIC’S about how the organization has helped in promoting tourism….. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>(As of July 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>  During the first quarter of 2008, international arrivals into 37 destinations in Asia Pacific region collectively registered a year-on-year growth of +8.9% to reach nearly 100 million. </li></ul><ul><li>(P.T.O) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  173. 173.   % Change The Americas 17,652,468 19,465,285 10.3 Northeast Asia 47,694,597 52,085,380 9.2 South Asia 1,890,651 2,096,572 10.9 Southeast Asia 14,506,844 15,732,141 8.4 The Pacific 4,788,245 4,894,038 2.2 Year Sub-region 2007 2008 2008/2007 Asia Pacific 86,532,805 94,273,416 8.9
  174. 174. % Change Bhutan 3,794 5,363 41.4 Fiji 110,279 131,576 19.3 Thailand 2,610,662 3,099,662 18.7 Macau SAR 6,368,922 7,506,309 17.9 Cambodia 536,289 622,993 16.2 Nepal 82,857 96,137 16.0 Vietnam 1,110,163 1,285,959 15 Year Country/Destination 2007 2008 2008/2007
  175. 175. Vanuatu 42,692 49,418 15.8 Indonesia 1,214,986 1,405,456 15.7 USA (Total) 9,871,406 11,384,714 15.3 India 1,475,080 1,655,349 12.2 Korea (ROK) 1,436,106 1,608,073 12.0 Japan 1,933,817 2,139,295 10.6 Hong Kong SAR 6,615,817 7,275,521 10.0
  176. 176. The top five origin-destination percentage growth performances for the first quarter of 2008 compared to the same period of 2007, (where passenger traffic was 10,000 or more) were:- 1)         Vietnam to Cambodia (+106.2%) 2)         Vietnam to Thailand (+96.2%) 3)         Russian Federation to China (PRC) (+61.3%) 4)         Russian Federation to Thailand (+60.9%) 5)         China (PRC) to Vietnam (+60.2%)   The top five origin-destination pairs with the greatest volume gains for the first quarter of 2008 over the same period of 2007 were:-   1)         Hong Kong SAR to China (PRC) (+1,608,155) 2)         Canada to the USA (+792,122) 2)         China (PRC) to Hong Kong SAR (+375,406) 4)         Russian Federation to China (PRC) (+281,456) 5)         Mexico to the USA (+229,638)   Given that the border crossings were not taken into account, the top five origin-destination pairs with the greatest numeric gains were:-   1)         China (PRC) to Vietnam (+81,496) 2)         China (PRC) to Thailand (+70,423) 3)         Canada to Mexico (+68,462) 4)         Korea (ROK) to Hong Kong SAR (+63,089) 5)         Korea (ROK) to Japan (+62,497)      
  177. 177. BIBLOGRAPHY <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Air_Transport_Association </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Asia_Travel_Association </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.uftaa.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_convention </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_Convention </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.thelivingweb.net/import_and_export.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://geography.about.com/library/weekly/topicsub8.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schengenvisa.cc/ </li></ul><ul><li>Travel and tourism module </li></ul><ul><li>And our faculty MR.RAMKRISHNAN for his valuable guidance. </li></ul>