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# PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION

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### PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION

1. 1. PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION By Ar.Swetha.K
2. 2. PROPORTION  The relationship between different things or parts with respect to comparative size, number, or degree  a part considered with respect to the whole  The interrelationship of all parts of an arrangement.  According to Euclid ancient Greek mathematician a ratio refers the quantitative comparison of similar things, while proportion refers to the equality of ratios.  Example golden section, classical orders, ken, modular, anthropometry, scale & renaissance theories
3. 3. SCALE  Refers to size of something relative to some known standard or recognized constant.  Mechanical scale : calculation of objects physical size according to standard system of measurement  Visual/human scale: refers to difference found when one objects compared to others visually  Monumental scale: feeling of smallness when we compare ourselves to a exterior or interior space
4. 4. BALANCE  Stability of an arrangement  Arrangement appears secure and stable  Balance must be both visual and actual  visual balance refers to the way an arrangement appears to the eye.  Symmetrical balance: arrangement of identical elements corresponding in size, shape & relative position about a common axis. Also called as axial or bilateral symmetry  Asymmetrical balance: lack of correspondence in size, shape or relative position among the element of a composition.  Radial balance: results from arrangement of elements about a center.
5. 5. WHAT KIND OF BALANCE IS ILLUSTRATED IN THIS PAINTING ORIENTAL POPPIES, BY GEORGIA O’KEEFE?
6. 6. SYMMETRICAL BALANCE, IF YOU COULD VISUALLY DIVIDE THE PAPER IN HALF. THERE WOULD BE A POPPY ON BOTH SIDES. NO ONE SIDE DOMINATES THE PICTURES. NEITHER POPPY APPEARS TO BE MORE IMPORTANT THAN THE OTHER.
7. 7. WHAT TYPE OF BALANCE IS SHOWN IN THIS PAINTING, ARRANGEMENT IN GREY AND BLACK: PORTRAIT OF THE PAINTER'S MOTHER (COMMONLY KNOWN AS WHISTLER’S MOTHER), BY JAMES WHISTLER?
8. 8. , ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE THE LARGE FORM OF THE WOMAN IS "VISUALLY EQUAL" TO THE BLACK CURTAIN AND WHITE PAINTING ON THE WALL. THIS MAKES THE PAINTING APPEAR BALANCED.
9. 9. WHAT TYPE OF BALANCE IS SHOWN IN THIS STAINED GLASS ARTWORK, ROSE WINDOW?
10. 10. RADIAL BALANCE! LOOK AT THE SPIRAL OR SPINNING EFFECT OF THE PATTERN. THE AXIS IS THE CENTER POINT AND THE DESIGN OR PATTERN APPEARS TO "RADIATE" FROM THAT POINT.
11. 11. HARMONY  Placing parts or combination of parts in a composition.  Harmony is the visually satisfying effect of combining similar, related elements.
12. 12. UNITY & VARIETY  Relating the design elements to the idea being expressed  Variety is achieved when the elements are combined in various ways to increase visual interest.  For instance, an assortment of shapes that are of a variety of sizes attracts more attention than an assortment of shapes all the same size.
13. 13. RHYTHM  Repetition of elements in space & time.  Repetition not only creates visual unity but also includes a rhythmic continuity of movement  Graded in size, color, value to give direction to sequence.
14. 14. EMPHASIS  Existence of dominant & subordinate elements in the composition of an interior setting.  Can be created by perceptible contrast in shape, size, c olor & value.  Can be centered within the space of a symmetrical organization
15. 15. Do You See The Word Lift?
16. 16. See More Than One Deer?
17. 17. How Many People?
18. 18. A Picture Puzzle
19. 19. People or Faces?
20. 20. Can You Find 7 Horses in This Picture?
21. 21. Faces or Houses
22. 22. 11 ships or 3 ships and 8 arches?