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  1. 1. Non-Regulatory Environmental Policy Approaches: Incentives The fear of punishment or expectation of reward that induces action and motivates effort
  2. 2. Incentives: Green Taxes <ul><li>Green taxes are an effective way to raise awareness and change behaviors </li></ul>We use less of what is taxed and more of what is not
  3. 3. Plastic Bag Tax <ul><li>Plastic bag taxes have been implemented in many areas and the results are impressive </li></ul><ul><li>In 2002 Ireland induced a .33 cent per bag tax which led to a 95% reduction in use and raised millions of euros in revenue! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Plastic is a Problem! <ul><li>100 Billion plastic bags end up in landfills every year </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic breaks down into tiny toxic pieces= Contaminates soil and water </li></ul><ul><li>The average American throws out 5lbs of plastic bags every year </li></ul>
  5. 5. When they don’t make it to the landfill… <ul><li>They end up everywhere else </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Plastic bags are one of the top 12 most common items found in costal clean ups </li></ul>
  7. 7. Plastic=Oil <ul><li>All plastic is made using fossil fuel </li></ul>China’s ban on plastic bags is going to save them 37 million barrels of oil every year (1 barrel of oil=20 gallons of gasoline)
  8. 8. <ul><li>Following the lead of many European countries, NYC’s mayor Bloomberg has proposed a per bag tax </li></ul><ul><li>that could raise </li></ul>$16 million per year 6 cent
  9. 9. Incentives Work! <ul><li>Green taxes, such as the plastic </li></ul><ul><li>bag tax, are proving to be successful incentives…. </li></ul><ul><li>Effective & Easy </li></ul><ul><li>Less waste into landfills </li></ul><ul><li>Less pollution into environment </li></ul><ul><li>Helps conserve resources </li></ul><ul><li>Raises money for other programs </li></ul>