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Library Types & Personnel Roles

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This presentation describes the different types of libraries and types of jobs that exist in libraries.

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Library Types & Personnel Roles

  1. 1. Library Types & Personnel Roles Fall, 2015
  2. 2. Types of Libraries  Academic  Public  School  Special
  3. 3. Academic Libraries  Colleges & Universities  Collection designed to meet the needs of the curriculum  AVC Collection Development  Usually one main library  May also have subject-specific libraries  Low focus on fiction  Controlled population (students)  Part of campus budget
  4. 4. Public Libraries  Collection designed to meet the needs of the general public (broadest range of all library types)  Large fiction collection  Uncontrolled population  Part of city or county budget  Community services
  5. 5. Public Libraries Individual  Palmdale City Library Branch Systems  City Systems L.A. Public Library (68 Branches)  County Systems L.A. County Public Library (84 Branches)  City/County Systems Sacramento Public Library (25 Branches)  A Central/Main library is common
  6. 6. School Libraries  Part of a public or private school  Elementary – Junior High/Middle – High  Some combined with Public Library • Scottsdale Public Library – Palomino Library  Collection designed to meet the needs of the school  Good fiction collection at the level of the school  Part of school budget
  7. 7. Special Libraries  Government  Federal (U.S. Army Libraries)  State (California State Library)  Law  Private  Librarians often have law degrees (J.D.)  Government (Public)  Corporate (M.L.S. not always required)  Non-profit Organizations (IELC)  Museums & Galleries  Archives (NARA)
  8. 8. Personnel Roles  Leader  Administrative  Supervisory  Librarians  Paraprofessionals  Clerical
  9. 9. Librarians  Stereotypes
  10. 10. Librarian Images  lollibrarian  This is What a Librarian Looks Like  Ryan Gosling Meme
  11. 11. Librarians  Master’s degree usually required.  M.L.S., M.L.I.S., M.S.L.S., M.M.L.I.S.  List of institutions with Library Science Programs  Library & Information Careers: Emerging Trends and Titles  Bureau of Labor Statistics information on Librarians  Second advanced degree may be required in universities or some special libraries.
  12. 12. Two Areas of Librarian Services  Technical Services  Catalog Management  Book Ordering  Book Processing  Public Services  Reference Services  Collection Development  Special Programs  Pathfinders and Research Guides  Community Services
  13. 13. Two Areas of Librarian Public Services  Adult Services  Reference Service  Collection Development by Area  Programming • Books Clubs • Classes • Outside Speakers  Community Services • Taxes • Special Groups  Children’s Services  Reference Service  Collection Development  Programming • Storytimes • Reading Clubs • Special Contests • Literacy Encouragement  Community Services • Schools • Parents
  14. 14. Leader  Library Director  Also Called City/County/State Librarian  Appointed by Board  Usually a former librarian with M.L.S.  Many years of experience  May have Ph.D.  Usually does not perform librarian duties
  15. 15. Administrative  Not necessarily librarians  Administrate the Library Director’s directives  May not have advanced degree
  16. 16. Supervisory  Usually librarians with M.L.S.  Several years experience and leadership skills  Supervises branches or departments of a central library  Titles: Head Librarian, Branch Librarian, Supervising Librarian, Regional Librarian
  17. 17. Paraprofessionals  Library Technicians/Assistants  Also called Circulation Technicians  Often have different levels based education and experience
  18. 18. Paraprofessionals  Book maintenance & management  Issuance of library cards  Fines & fees
  19. 19. Clerical  No education requirements  Usually part-time  Typing/Labeling  Shelving Books  Often college students in colleges & university libraries and high school students in public libraries.
  20. 20. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc., 2012)  There are about 150,000 librarians in the U.S. working in 121,000 libraries.  27,000 Academic Librarians • 88,000 total staff  46,000 Public Librarians • 140,000 total staff
  21. 21. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc., 2012)  58% of U.S. adults have a public library card.  Americans visit libraries three times more than they go to movie theatres.  There are more public library branches than McDonald’s franchises.  16,700 vs. 14,000
  22. 22. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc., 2012)  Academic and public reference librarians answer about 6.6 million questions each week.  There are 584 students in colleges and universities for every academic librarian (14 students for every teaching faculty member.)
  23. 23. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc., 2012)  The cost of all public libraries is about $36 per American per year.  2 million more people visited an academic library reference desk than saw a college basketball game.  Academic libraries receive about three cents of every higher education dollar spent.  The largest libraries in the U.S.

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