Abbreviations
A shortened form of a word or phrase used in place of the
whole. In the medical field their area lots of abb...
Acute Renal Failure
(ARF)
Renal(kidney)---Acute renal failure usually occur in
one of the following areas pre, post or ren...
Blood Urea Nitrogen (Bun)
The liver produces urea as a waste product of
the digestion of proteins, this is done in the
ure...
Water (H20)
Our body benefits form water in many ways. It helps to
keep the body at a normal temperature (usually 97.8f).
...
Urinalysis (UA)
• A specimen is usually collected early in the morning
upon awakening before meals. This is when the urine...
Hemodialysis (HD)
• Hemodialysis is a therapy that removes extra fluid and balances
electrolytes. Usually when kidneys fun...
References:
Acute Kidney Failure Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - Acute ...
Learn about acute kidney failure caused by ... th...
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Abbreviations of the Urinary System

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Abbreviations of the Urinary System

  1. 1. Abbreviations A shortened form of a word or phrase used in place of the whole. In the medical field their area lots of abbreviations that are used. These abbreviations are used by all healthcare workers universal. Its part of the communication among all healthcare workers.
  2. 2. Acute Renal Failure (ARF) Renal(kidney)---Acute renal failure usually occur in one of the following areas pre, post or renal. Pre problems occur before It reaches the kidney. Post renal problems affects the movement of urine out of the kidneys. Renal causes problems with the kidney that prevent proper filtration of blood or production of urine. There are many things that could possible cause damage to the kidneys. They include low blood pressure, autoimmune kidney disease, dehydration and hemorrhage, septic shock and septicemia
  3. 3. Blood Urea Nitrogen (Bun) The liver produces urea as a waste product of the digestion of proteins, this is done in the urea cycle. A normal adult blood should have between 6 to 20mg of urea nitrogen per 100cc. . If the blood volume and glomerular filtration rate decrease then BUN will increase. Other factors that can affect the BUN are a high protein diet, ever and gastro intestinal bleeding.
  4. 4. Water (H20) Our body benefits form water in many ways. It helps to keep the body at a normal temperature (usually 97.8f). It helps to lubricate are organs and cushion are joints. Every organ of our body needs water. Water is used to flush out our urinary system from waste by urination, perspiration and bowel movement's. Water is need to replace the fluids we use in everyday normal function's. Keeping a balance of waste is important a imbalance of water could cause a electrolyte imbalance.
  5. 5. Urinalysis (UA) • A specimen is usually collected early in the morning upon awakening before meals. This is when the urine contents is at its peak and will give the best results. A person urinate approximately 30 cc in a container and it is sent to lab for evaluation. A urinalysis is a test that is usually done to monitor the contents of your urine. Urinalysis is commonly used to diagnose a urinary tract or kidney infection, to find out the cause. It allows for progression of some chronic conditions such as hypertension and diabetes. Protein and glucose in urine will sometime appear before someone is aware that they might have a problem. A urinalysis will help the doctor with early detection. A urinalysis can also be used for pregnancy and drug testing.
  6. 6. Hemodialysis (HD) • Hemodialysis is a therapy that removes extra fluid and balances electrolytes. Usually when kidneys function fall below 10 to 15% kidneys are no longer able to urinate and filter off the toxins from the body. This causes the toxins to build up excessive fluids. It is vital for the body to get rid of the toxins, and when the body is unable to perform these duties the person needs hemodialysis. Hemodialysis is a procedure in which the blood is removed from the body and filtered through a man made membrane called a dialyzer, or artificial kidney. Once the blood is filtered and cleaned it is returned back to the patients body. Every individual has 10 to 12 pints of blood in their body. Only one pint of blood is filtered at a time. The person needs access for the dialysis to occur. There are three main type of access one is an AV fistula, the other central venous catheter or an AV graft..
  7. 7. References: Acute Kidney Failure Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - Acute ... Learn about acute kidney failure caused by ... the flow of blood before it reaches the kidneys ... the movement of urine out of the kidneys Renal: ... http://www.emedicinehealth.com/acute_kidney_failure/page2_em.htm Blood urea nitrogen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Normal human adult blood should contain between 6 to 20 mg of urea nitrogen per 100 ml ... If Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) and blood volume decrease ... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_urea_nitrogen Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis ... Learn about kidney infection (pyelonephritis) causes such as ... Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition ... Pathogenic E. coli can cause urinary tract and ... http://www.medicinenet.com/kidney_infection/article.htm

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