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A shortened form of a word or phrase used in place of the
whole. In the medical field their area lots of abbreviations
that are used. These abbreviations are used by all
healthcare workers universal. Its part of the
communication among all healthcare workers.
Acute Renal Failure
Renal(kidney)---Acute renal failure usually occur in
one of the following areas pre, post or renal. Pre
problems occur before It reaches the kidney. Post
renal problems affects the movement of urine out
of the kidneys. Renal causes problems with the
kidney that prevent proper filtration of blood or
production of urine. There are many things that
could possible cause damage to the kidneys. They
include low blood pressure, autoimmune kidney
disease, dehydration and hemorrhage, septic
shock and septicemia
Blood Urea Nitrogen (Bun)
The liver produces urea as a waste product of
the digestion of proteins, this is done in the
urea cycle. A normal adult blood should have
between 6 to 20mg of urea nitrogen per 100cc. .
If the blood volume and glomerular filtration
rate decrease then BUN will increase. Other
factors that can affect the BUN are a high
protein diet, ever and gastro intestinal bleeding.
Our body benefits form water in many ways. It helps to
keep the body at a normal temperature (usually 97.8f).
It helps to lubricate are organs and cushion are joints.
Every organ of our body needs water. Water is used to
flush out our urinary system from waste by urination,
perspiration and bowel movement's. Water is need to
replace the fluids we use in everyday normal function's.
Keeping a balance of waste is important a imbalance of
water could cause a electrolyte imbalance.
• A specimen is usually collected early in the morning
upon awakening before meals. This is when the urine
contents is at its peak and will give the best results. A
person urinate approximately 30 cc in a container and it
is sent to lab for evaluation. A urinalysis is a test that is
usually done to monitor the contents of your urine.
Urinalysis is commonly used to diagnose a urinary tract
or kidney infection, to find out the cause. It allows for
progression of some chronic conditions such as
hypertension and diabetes. Protein and glucose in urine
will sometime appear before someone is aware that they
might have a problem. A urinalysis will help the doctor
with early detection. A urinalysis can also be used for
pregnancy and drug testing.
• Hemodialysis is a therapy that removes extra fluid and balances
electrolytes. Usually when kidneys function fall below 10 to 15%
kidneys are no longer able to urinate and filter off the toxins from
the body. This causes the toxins to build up excessive fluids. It is
vital for the body to get rid of the toxins, and when the body is
unable to perform these duties the person needs hemodialysis.
Hemodialysis is a procedure in which the blood is removed from the
body and filtered through a man made membrane called a dialyzer,
or artificial kidney. Once the blood is filtered and cleaned it is
returned back to the patients body. Every individual has 10 to 12
pints of blood in their body. Only one pint of blood is filtered at a
time. The person needs access for the dialysis to occur. There are
three main type of access one is an AV fistula, the other central
venous catheter or an AV graft..
Acute Kidney Failure Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - Acute ...
Learn about acute kidney failure caused by ... the flow of blood before it reaches
the kidneys ... the movement of urine out of the kidneys Renal: ...
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/acute_kidney_failure/page2_em.htm Blood urea
nitrogen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Normal human adult blood should contain between 6 to 20 mg of urea nitrogen
per 100 ml ... If Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) and blood volume decrease ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_urea_nitrogen Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)
Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis ...
Learn about kidney infection (pyelonephritis) causes such as ... Diabetes mellitus is a
chronic condition ... Pathogenic E. coli can cause urinary tract and ...