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Defence mechanism

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Defence mechanism

  1. 1. MS.SNEHAL PATIL. 2ND YR P.B.B.Sc.
  2. 2. DEFINITION : The individual has devices for protecting himself against psychological dangers & distress. These protective devices are known as ego defences or defence mechanism or mental mechanism or dynamism.
  3. 3. COMPENSATION:  An attempt to make up for deficiency by directing his energies to another aspect of one’s personality in which no deficiency exists.
  4. 4. DISPLACEMENT:  An emotional feeling is transferred to person or object who are less dangerous than those who initially aroused the emotion.
  5. 5. DENIAL:  The individual does not accept the existence of something that is disturbing.
  6. 6. FIXATION:  It refers to a point of individual’s development at which certain aspects of the emotional development is not advance.
  7. 7. SUBSTITUTION:  Adjustive mechanism in which original goals or desires are substituted by others.
  8. 8. CONVERSION:  Strong emotional conflicts are expressed or as converted into physical symptoms.
  9. 9. IDENTIFICATION:  Adjustment mechanism which enables one to achieve satisfaction from the successes of other people , groups or organization.
  10. 10. INTROJECTION: The values & characteristics of significant persons are incorporated in one’s personality. E.g. A woman who likes to live in a simple way introjects in her the sophisticated way, of living like her husband.
  11. 11. REACTION FORMATION:  The unacceptable real feelings are repressed & acceptable opposite feelings are expressed.
  12. 12. TRANSFERENCE : Image of one person is unconsciously identified with that of another. e.g. A patient who is fond of his daughter finds the nurse of the same age & height as his daughter. So he transfers his positive emotions to his nurse as his daughter.
  13. 13. SUPPRESSION:  Voluntary postponement of focusing of attention on an impulse which has reached conscious awareness.
  14. 14. SUBLIMATION:  Unacceptable desires or activities are redirected into socially desirable channels.
  15. 15. REPRESSION: Strong emotional ideas or unpleasant memories which do not fit in with our social values & norms , are split off from consciousness & thrown into the unconscious. e.g. a man is jealous of his success but is unaware of his feelings of jealousy.
  16. 16. REGRESSION: It is a mechanism of going from the present pattern to the past level of behaviour. The individual returns to pattern of behaviour that were successful in earlier stages of development. e.g. Tears & temper tantrums in adult.
  17. 17. RATIONALIZATION: Providing logical explanations for irrational behaviour motivated by unacceptable unconscious wishes.
  18. 18. PROJECTION:  Popular method of resolving conflict. One’s own unacceptable feelings & thoughts are expressed as if they are due to others.
  19. 19. INCORPORATION:  A lost or something prohibited source of identification is introduced into the ego structure with out transformation of ego. e.g. A young married woman who has referred for treatment by her husband because of her recent crying spells & inability to care for her home & infant. The patient stated that she was afraid as she was like her mother & she disliked her self for these traits of her mother which she has incorporated with her.
  20. 20. APPLICATION IN NURSING

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