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Writing skill

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Writing skill

  1. 1. Writing skillUnit: CultureTopic: General InformationSub topic : Musical instrumentMatthayomsuksa 2
  2. 2. Vocabulary
  3. 3. wind instrument
  4. 4. string instrument
  5. 5. percussion instrument
  6. 6. blow
  7. 7. shake
  8. 8. stroke
  9. 9. pluck
  10. 10. hit
  11. 11. Structure
  12. 12. How to use “Gerund”Gerunds (-ing) When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or apresent participle. It is important to understand that they arenot the same. Gerunds are sometime called “verbal nouns” When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it isusually a gerund: Fishing is fun. When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb oran adjective, it is usually a present participle:• Anthony is fishing.• I have a boring teacher.
  13. 13. UsageGerunds as Subject, Object or ComplementTry to think of gerunds as verbs in noun form.Like nouns, gerunds can be the subject, objector complement of a sentence: – Smoking costs a lot of money. – I dont like writing. – My favourite occupation is reading.
  14. 14. But, like a verb, a gerund can also have an objectitself. In this case, the whole expression [gerund+ object] can be the subject, object orcomplement of the sentence.• Smoking cigarettes costs a lot of money.• I dont like writing letters.• My favorite occupation is reading detective stories.
  15. 15. Like nouns, we can use gerunds with adjectives(including articles and other determiners): – pointless questioning – a settling of debts – the making of Titanic – his drinking of alcoholBut when we use a gerund with an article, itdoes not usually take a direct object: – a settling of debts (not a settling debts) – Making "Titanic" was expensive. – The making of "Titanic" was expensive.
  16. 16. Gerunds after PrepositionsThis is a good rule. It has no exceptions!If we want to use a verb after a preposition, itmust be a gerund. It is impossible to use aninfinitive after a preposition. So for example, wesay: – I will call you after arriving at the office. – Please have a drink before leaving. – I am looking forward to meeting you.
  17. 17. Notice that you could replace all the abovegerunds with "real" nouns: – I will call you after my arrival at the office. – Please have a drink before your departure. – I am looking forward to our lunch. – Do you object to this job? – Tara always dreams about holidays.
  18. 18. Gerunds after Certain Verbs We sometimes use one verb after anotherverb. Often the second verb is in the infinitiveform, for example: – I want to eat. – But sometimes the second verb must be in gerund form, for example: – I dislike eating.
  19. 19. This depends on the first verb. Here is a list ofverbs that are usually followed by a verb ingerund form: admit, appreciate, avoid, carry on,consider, defer, delay, deny, detest, dislike,endure, enjoy, escape, excuse, face, feel like,finish, forgive, give up, cant help, imagine,involve, leave off, mention, mind, miss,postpone, practise, put off, report, resent, risk,cant stand, suggest, understand
  20. 20. Gerunds in Passive SenseWe often use a gerund after the verbs need,require and want. In this case, the gerund has apassive sense. – I have three shirts that need washing. (need to be washed) – This letter requires signing. (needs to be signed) – The house wants repainting. (needs to be repainted)
  21. 21. Text 3 There are many different kinds of musical instruments.Three common kinds are wind instruments, string instruments andpercussion instruments. Wind instruments are played by blowing air into them.They are often easy to learn, although some can be quite difficultto play well. Common examples include the trumpet, flute andclarinet. String instruments are played by stroking or pluckingstrings. Some are easy to learn, while others are very hard to pickup. Typical examples are the guitar, violin and cello. Percussion instruments are played by hitting or shakingthem. Common kinds include the drums, xylophone andtambourine. Although some are very easy to play, others are trickyto master.
  22. 22. Writing game Direction: Fill the vocabulary from the text into the table. Types………Wind……….. Instrument ……………………….. Instrument ……………………….. Instrument1 Flute 1 12 2 23 3 3
  23. 23. What am I ?Direction: Write a riddle from a given musical instrument.Then, ask your friends to guess the answer. Example:
  24. 24. I am a string instrument. I am played by plucking.My shape looks like violin. I am played withacoustic songs.…….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

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