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ObservationsHunter. S. Thompson- Newest member of the               Hells Angels “I was no longer sure  whether I was doin...
What is the key problem with using survey methods to study                         people?  What people Say and what they ...
What is Ethnography? It is the study of the way of life of a particular group of people- theirculture and the structure of...
Research Methods: Qualitative Analysis {Observations}                                             This is a               ...
Task: Read about ‘Tearoom sex study’                                       I love the tea room What was the aim of     his...
Research Methods: Qualitative Analysis {Observations}                                                 OVERT               ...
The Making of a Moonie: Choice      or Brainwashing? To believers, the Moonies offer enlightenment and the spiritual      ...
Verstehen• Max Weber’s term for studying human behaviour• German word for “to understand”, “to grasp by insight”.         ...
John Howard Griffin- ‘BLACK LIKE ME’ (1960)     Some researchers have gone to great lengths to pass as one of the group.A ...
Getting in is a problem……………(Teacher to Explain James Patricks study)                                     But staying in i...
Guilty KnowledgeHearing / seeing something youshouldn’t. What do you do with      that information?      Moral dilemma??? ...
Research Methods: Primary methods{Conclusion}                 Strenghts                                      WeaknessesPar...
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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. ObservationsHunter. S. Thompson- Newest member of the Hells Angels “I was no longer sure whether I was doing research on the Hell’s Angels or being slowly absorbed by them.”
  2. 2. What is the key problem with using survey methods to study people? What people Say and what they actually DO can be two completely different things. How could you overcome this problem?Simply see for yourself what people really do by observing them in their normal everyday environment. You would hope to get a ‘true’, more valid picture of social realty. There are 4 types of observations, can you name them?
  3. 3. What is Ethnography? It is the study of the way of life of a particular group of people- theirculture and the structure of their society. Often researchers attempt to ‘walk a day in their shoes’.In order to do the study, the researcher must gain entry into the group 1st. This can have many problems. Can you think of them? Making initial contact with the group may depend on personal skills, having the right connections, or even pure chance.The researcher needs to win trust and gain acceptance. It may help to make friends with a KEY individual / informant that will help lead / assist you into that group. This is known as a gate keeper
  4. 4. Research Methods: Qualitative Analysis {Observations} This is a COVERT OBSERVATION Group does not know they are being observed Participant Infiltrates the group. Becomes one of them. Joins daily activities. James Patrick, Glasgow gang Non Participant Observing from the sidelines. ‘Fly on the wall’. (i.e. Laud Humphreys, Tea room trade)
  5. 5. Task: Read about ‘Tearoom sex study’ I love the tea room What was the aim of his study? trade Humphries did not participate in tearoom trade so how did he gain their trust? What ethics did he breach? How else could hehave done this study?
  6. 6. Research Methods: Qualitative Analysis {Observations} OVERT OBSERVATIONParticipantResearcher participates in activitiesof the group(i.e., Lyng 1988: Extreme sports,Barker: making of the Moonies)Non ParticipantWatch from the ‘sidelines’.Researcher does not get involved(i.e., Bain & Taylor: Call centreworkers)Overt observation: Group aware they are being observed / studied
  7. 7. The Making of a Moonie: Choice or Brainwashing? To believers, the Moonies offer enlightenment and the spiritual unification of the world. But to critics, it’s an evil form of bondage, which preys on vulnerable young people.Eileen Barker set out to discover the truth - do people choose to become Moonies or are they brainwashed - whilst exploring thewider sociological issue of the relationship between the individual and society. 7 year study!
  8. 8. Verstehen• Max Weber’s term for studying human behaviour• German word for “to understand”, “to grasp by insight”. Best interpreter of human action is “someone who has been there”.Someone who can understand the feelings and motivations of people they are studying- having empathy
  9. 9. John Howard Griffin- ‘BLACK LIKE ME’ (1960) Some researchers have gone to great lengths to pass as one of the group.A white journalist dyed his skin Black in order to discover what it was like to live as a Black man in the Southern states of America in the 1950s. He used medication and sun lamp treatments to colour his skin. He worked as a shoe shiner, went to racially segregated diners, used segregated toilets and transport. Even when he told his gatekeeper the truth he didn’t believe he was a white man.
  10. 10. Getting in is a problem……………(Teacher to Explain James Patricks study) But staying in is also a problem…………. And, getting out is a massive problem
  11. 11. Guilty KnowledgeHearing / seeing something youshouldn’t. What do you do with that information? Moral dilemma??? Going Native They have lost their objectivity and simply become a member of the group (over identifying).
  12. 12. Research Methods: Primary methods{Conclusion} Strenghts WeaknessesParticipant- Experience, gets a ‘real’ feel forParticipant Participant- Protection, may start to build a Participantwhat’s going on. Gets the real truth, can dig relationship with members this has lead todeep, dynamics can develop and it is useful bias researcher and protection in courts etc.when researching difficult areas. Narrow research as too specific does not help with wider issues.Non- Participant- Bias, Less likely to bedrawn into the group. Can record Non- Participant- Superficial, merelyinformation better. observing leaves the researcher on the outside and may limit understanding.Covert- Forbidden Fruit, can enter forbidden Altering behaviour is also a problem.areas, be fully accepted and trusted andgenerate a real sense of understanding. The Covert- Danger if true role is uncovered.group are more likely to act normal. Ethical dilemmas, could have to take part in illegal / immoral activity.Overt- the ‘Confidante’, as someone whohas no role, they are in the position of a Overt- ‘Outsider’, in some circumstancestrusted outsider and receive confidences only a trusted insider will be let into thefrom the members. Ethical reductions, open, secrets. At times, even the sympatheticclear and honest. outsider is excluded.
  • ChloeRawlings2

    May. 22, 2018
  • Godschild24

    Sep. 13, 2015

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