simple present tense to talk about
regular or habitual actions.
• For most verbs in the simple present tense, you must
add an "s" to the end of the verb for he/she/it, as in,
"Devan hates the holidays." However, for some verbs,
you have to add es for he/she/it, as in, "She watches a
lot of TV," or, "He misses his mom."
• So how do you know when es is necessary? One rule to
remember is that any verb ending in ch, sh or ss needs
an es, not s, for he/she/it.
• For the other pronouns, i/you/we/they, regular verbs
simply take the basic verb form. For example, "I play
basketball," or, "We love watching movies."
• am with the personal pronoun II
• is with the personal pronouns he, she or it (or
with the singular form of nouns)
• are with the personal pronouns we, you or
they (or with the plural form of nouns)
* I am hungry.
• affirmative negative question
• I am. I am not. Am I?
• he/she/it. He is not. Is he?
• You are. You are not. Are you?
• 1) repeated actions
• My friend often draws nice posters.
• 2) things in general
• The sun rises in the East.
• 3) fixed arrangements, scheduled events
• The plane flies to London every Monday.
• 4) actions in the present - one follows after the other
• First I get up, then I have breakfast.
• 5) instructions
• Open your books at page 34.
• 6) with special verbs
• I understand English.
Regular or permanent situations
• When something happens regularly or is
a permanent situation we usually use the
simple present tense. When using the
simple present the verb (with the
exception of the auxiliary verbs) remains
in the dictionary form (verb + s with
How do we make the Present Simple
• subject + auxiliary verb + main verb do base
There are three important exceptions:
• For positive sentences, we do not normally use the
• For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to
the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
• For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even
for questions and negatives.
subject auxiliary verb main verb
+ I, you, we, they like coffee. He, she, it likes
- I, you, we, they do not like coffee. He, she, it
does not like coffee.
? Do I, you, we, they like coffee? Does he, she,
it like coffee?
How do we use the Present Simple Tense?
• We use the present simple tense when:
• the action is general
• the action happens all the time, or
habitually, in the past, present and future
• the action is not only happening now
• the statement is always true
Look at these examples with the main verb
be. Notice that there is no auxiliary:
• subject main verb
• + I am French. You, we, they are French.
He, she, it is French.
• - I am not old. You, we, they are not old. He,
she, it is not old.
• ? Am I late?
Look at these examples:
• I live in New York.
• The Moon goes round the Earth.
• John drives a taxi.
• He does not drive a bus.
• We meet every Thursday.
• We do not work at night.
• Do you play football?
• that with the verb to be, we can also use the
present simple tense for situations that are not
general. We can use the present simple tense to
talk about now. Look at these examples of the
verb "to be" in the present simple tense - some of
them are general, some of them are now:
• Am I right?
Tara is not at home.
You are happy.
• past present future The situation is now.
• The simple present tense is also used to show how
often something happens with adverbs of frequency
- always, usually, often, sometimes, occasionally,
seldom, rarely, never, etc.... And when discussing
daily, weekly, monthly etc. routines.
• For example:
• "I always get up at 6.00."
• "I never drink coffee before 12.00."
• "I work on my website every day."
• "Every Monday and Thursday I go to the gym."
Simple present negative
• The simple present negative is don´t/ doesn´t
+ verb .
• She doesn´t drink coffee.
• He doen´t like his job.
USING DON'T AND DOESN'T
• The word does and the contraction doesn't are used
with singular nouns and with the pronouns he, she,
and it. The word do and the contraction don't are used
with plural nouns and with the pronouns I, we, you and
• DOES, DOESN'T DO, DON'T
• our friend does our friends do
• he doesn't we don't
• she doesn't you don't
• it doesn't they don't
Examples of Negative Sentences with Don't and
• You don't speak Russian.
• John doesn't speak French.
• We don't have time for a quick drink.
• It doesn't rain much in summer.
• They don't want to come with us.
• She doesn't like meat.
• Don't = Do not
Doesn't = Does not
• I don't like fish = I do not like fish.
• There is no difference in meaning though we
normally use contractions in spoken English.
Forming a yes/no question
• Yes/no questions are also created using the
auxiliary do. This time, the auxiliary is placed
before the subject. Here are the rules:
• Auxiliary Subject Example
• Do I Do I sing?
• Does he Does he sing?
Forming a WH- question
WH- questions (using words such as “what”,
“when”, and “where”) are also created by
putting the auxiliary do before the subject.
Then, you add the WH- word at the beginning.
Here are some examples:
• Statement Yes/no question WH- question
• I sing Do I sing? What do I sing?
He lives Does he live? Where does he