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Spatial Data Infrastructure in Europe

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About the SDI and INSPIRE strategy

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Spatial Data Infrastructure in Europe

  1. 1. Spatial Data Infrastructure in Europe and in Germany Sajid Pareeth Gabriel Vincent Sanya
  2. 2. What is the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)……? To encourage the collection, processing, archiving, integrating, and sharing of geospatial data and Information using common standards and interoperable systems and techniques ….. And accessible via the web. NSDI building blocks.
  3. 3. Some NSDI milestones 1986 Establishment of Australian Land Information Council (ALIC). 1990 US Federal Geographic Data Committee set up to coordinate the development, use, sharing and dissemination of surveying mapping and related spatial data 1993 US Mapping Science Committee report on 'Toward a coordinated spatial data infrastructure for the nation' 1994 Executive Order 12906 'Coordinating geographic data acquisition and access: the National Spatial Data Infrastructure' 1996 First Global Spatial Data Infrastructure conference in Bonn, Germany 1998 First generation of NSDIs paper identifies 11 initiatives from all parts of the world. 1998 2000 54 countries respond to GSDI survey 2002 Crompvoets claims that 120 countries are considering NSDI development
  4. 4. GSDI – An idea at the cusp Foster SDI development locally to globally • Access data at a variety of scales and from multiple sources • Common standards an interoperable systems and techniques • Heavy reliance on partners world-wide Goals….. • Promote and develop awareness and exchanges • Facilitate data access/discovery via clearinghouse, portal web services • Stimulate and conduct capacity building • Conduct and sponsor SDI development research
  5. 5. Official Surveying and Mapping is the task of the 16 federal states each being responsible for its state territory in terms of • Geodetic reference frames • Real estate cadastre, • Topographic mapping. Towards Spatial Data Infrastructure (GDI-DE) of the Federal Republic of Germany A decentralised Approach…
  6. 6. Collaboration of the states organised by AdV (since 1949) Common specifications for  Geodetic framework  Real estate cadastre  Topographic mapping  IT-based projects (ALKIS, ATKIS)  Pricing policy Sharing experiences and technologieswww.adv-online.de
  7. 7. Decisions of the Federal Government with respect to improving coordination of the provision and use of geoinformation in Germany  1996: Establishment of the national geodata centre (GDZ) assigned to IfAG  1997: Establishment of the “Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie (BKG)” (Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy) as successor of the research institute IfAG  1998: Establishment of the “Interministerieller Ausschuss für Geoinformationswesen – IMAGI” (Interministerial Committee for Geoinformation)
  8. 8.  Partner of the state mapping agencies  Technical coordinator for country-wide topographic datasets  Service centre  Quality assurance of the ATKIS® data sets delivered by the state mapping agencies  Providing the AdV metadata information system (AdV-MIS) Online delivery National Geodata Centre (GDZ)
  9. 9. BKGBKG BKG’s mission  to provide a geodetic and cartographic infrastructure taking account of the responsibilities of the states and the overall responsibility of the federation (e.g. the national geodata centre)  to carry out applied research and technological development  to represent geodesy and geoinformation on the international level
  10. 10. www.adv-online.de BKGBKG Common reference data sets for Germany:  Geodetic reference frames including a network of 260 GPS permanent stations  Official multipurpose cadastre Automated Real Estate Map – ALK Automated Real Estate Register – ALB (in the future ALKIS® , the new ISO- based Real Estate Cadastre IS)  The Authoritative Topographic- Cartographic Information System ATKIS® (developed between 1984-89 , completed in 1998)
  11. 11. DTK10-V DTK25-V DTK50-V DTK100-V DTK 1000-V Digital Topographic Maps (DTK) Digital Landscape Models (DLM) Base DLM DLM 50 DLM 250 DLM 1000 1: 25.000 1: 50.000 1: 250.000 1: 500.000 Digital Orthophotos (DOP) Digital Terrain Models (DGM) Object- based data Raster data Raster data Grid DGM5 DGM- DE DGM50 / DGM 250 DGM 1000 DTK250 DTK500-V
  12. 12. Interministerial Committee for Geoinformation  established in 1998 by the Federal Government  Objective: Coordinating the German SDI → GDI-DE® • More then 230 tasks are being carried out with Geo Information • Almost half of the federal agencies in Germany are working with GI • About 20 different type of data base systems • About 50 different data types • Almost 90% of agencies providing or receiving Geo Information IMAGI Survey in federal agencies in 2000:
  13. 13. Tasks of IMAGI: - Conceptual framework for GDI-DE® Interministerial Committee for Geoinformation - Development of GeoPortal.Bund®, starting with GeoMIS.Bund® Coordinating pilot projects of the Federal Government and States to investigate the resources needed to build the homogenised NGDB and to develop the GeoPortal
  14. 14. German Spatial Data Infrastructure (GDI-DE) GDI-DE® = {NGDB, network, services, standards} GDI-DE® = {NGDB, network, services, standards} National Geo Data Basis NGDB = {reference data, thematic data, metadata} National Geo Data Basis NGDB = {reference data, thematic data, metadata} GeoPortal.Bund® the central point of entry to GDI-DE GeoPortal.Bund® the central point of entry to GDI-DE http://geoportal.bkg.bund.de
  15. 15. Evaluation of the German approach to national mapping  Sustainable political support at the highest level  Co-ordination Phased implementation  Selling the benefits
  16. 16. Resolution of the German parliament – 15th February 2001 Federal Government is asked  to push ahead the implementation of the Spatial Data Infrastructure for Germany as a public infrastructure  to promote the interdepartmental use of GI in public services  to coordinate the GI activities of the Federal Government, and to support the Länder (states)  to promote collaboration with the private sector and academia
  17. 17. Resolution of the German parliament – 10th April 2003  Acknowledgement of IMAGI’s achievements  Federal Government is requested to increase the efforts devoted to the establishment of the GDI-DE®  Underlining the necessity of coordination of the GDI-DE process by the Federal Government
  18. 18. Lessons learned for the set-up of the ESDI  Strong political support is needed on the European level (EP, Council, EC) as well as in the Member States  Need for a unit on the European level charged to coordinate the development and implementation of ESDI Need for a common process of specifying the various components that belong to the ESDI Need for culture of sharing strategies, (pricing and licensing) policies, experiences, and practical solutions
  19. 19. Towards ESDI(INSPIRE)… DG Joint Research Centre • Mission: to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of European Union policies. • The JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union. • Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national. • 7 institutes in 5 countries, 2000 people
  20. 20. An INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe • INSPIRE directive approved by the European parliament on the 12th Feb 07 • Member States will have to make available free of charge the services for discovering and, subject to certain specific conditions, viewing spatial data sets Why Inspire? Increasing interest for the spatial dimension IACS, LPIS, Olive Trees registers, … • ICZM, ESDP, Urban, Noise, … EU policies and Geographic Information Assess needs • Formulate the policy • Monitor its implementation • Evaluate its effectiveness
  21. 21. What is the Problem Different quality and different types of attribute information Data compiled by Member States: – Paper map / site – Descriptive database – Digital Spatial data Data are validated and integrated  Data sources: – In general 1/100.000, on topographic maps – Exceptionally 1/250.000 (very large sites) – Often 1/25.000 – 1/1.500 (cadastre) European Reference System European Platform moving ~3cm/year Differences in sea-level across Europe and within a country (in cm) Finland Sweden How do we harmonize the data?
  22. 22. But good local data already exist and are already exist and are accessible !
  23. 23. Standards are not Enough Road network between Germany and Netherland–semantic inconsistencies Example of problems on cross Border-Areas Geographic Information Interoperability ! • Existing de-facto and de-jure Standards (OpenGIS, ISO, W3C, etc.) are a good & important starting point for an ESDI, but need additional glue to provide – commonly agreed & harmonized, unambiguous application profiles – quality measurement of distributed (!) services (certification of services) – Additional standards where needed – awareness and training on GI interoperability
  24. 24. Overall Context Needs • Better information needed to support policies • Improvement of existing information flows • Differentiation across regions to be considered • Revision of approach to reporting and monitoring, moving to concept of sharing of information Situation in Europe • Data policy restrictions – pricing, copyright, access rights, licensing policy • Lack of co-ordination – across boarders and between levels of government • Lack of standards – incompatible information and information systems • Existing data not re-usable – fragmentation of information, redundancy, inability to integrate EC Proposal COM(2004) 516 for a Directive establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the Community -INSPIRE EU has islands of data of different standards and quality...
  25. 25. Proposal INSPIRE Framework Directive - Overview - I. General provisions II. Metadata III. Interoperability of spatial data sets and services IV. Network services V. Data-sharing and re-use VI. Coordination and complementary measures VII. Final provisions This overview addresses the main issues only
  26. 26. • Establish an infrastructure for spatial information in the EU to support: – environmental policies and – policies that affect the environment, • Based on infrastructures of the Member States that include – metadata, spatial data sets and services; network services; agreements on sharing, access and use; and coordination and monitoring mechanisms, processes and procedures. Proposal INSPIRE Framework Directive I - General Provisions- INSPIRE requires also specific implementing rules to be adopted through Comitology
  27. 27. ROADMAP From Commission proposal to Community Directive implementation - 3 phases: – Preparatory phase (2004-2006) • Co-decision procedure • Preparation of Implementing Rules – Transposition phase (2007-2008) • Directive enters into force • Transposition into national legislation • INSPIRE Committee starts its activities • Adoption of Implementation Rules by Committology – Implementation phase (2009-2013) • implementation and monitoring of measures
  28. 28. Overview of requirements • metadata* • spatial data sets and spatial data services* • network services* – EU geo-portal • access and rights of use for Community institutions and bodies** • monitoring and reporting mechanisms ** • process and procedures * technical: under JRC responsibility ** legal/procedural: under Eurostat responsibility
  29. 29. • make European public data more accessible and compatible • create the right conditions to use geo-technologies in addressing critical issues • save money, protect investments and create new jobs • facilitate the private and public sector in developing new e-services • help in improving the quality of life and protect the environment (e.g. tsunami).. The benefits - INSPIRE will…
  30. 30. Key-Players in the development of ESDI.
  31. 31.  (ESDI) will be a web service-based infrastructure All EU-funded geospatial projects MUST be INSPIRE-compliant to be an ESDI Initial focus on environmental policies will be enlarged to other sectors Openness and transparency (Cultural change)  Research communities should become familiar with SDI concept  strengthen Links and interface with international initiatives Think of services rather than of data!!! Conclusions
  32. 32. Thank you for your attention ! INSPIRE:INSPIRE: http://inspire.jrc.ithttp://inspire.jrc.it