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Fonelex Keynote

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Fonelex Keynote

  1. 1. Recent Trends in Foreign Language Teaching withInformation & Communication TechnologiesDr. Steve SordenMohave Community College 1
  2. 2. Definition of Information andCommunication Technology ICT (information and communications technology - or technologies) is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems and so on, as well as the various services and applications associated with them, such as videoconferencing and distance learning. http://ictforlanguageteachers.blogspot.com 2
  3. 3. Dr. Stephen D. Sorden • German Translator for the U.S. Army – Berlin, Germany Studied Basic & Advanced German at the Defense Language Institute in Monterey, CA • K-12 Teacher and Administrator (Including 3 years at TAES in Hermosillo) • Taught ESL/EFL to K-12 and adults • College Teacher and Administrator • Career focus has been on history, languages & technology 3
  4. 4. Today’s Topics Changing Learner Expectations ICT Instructional Method & Theory Applications for ICT in FLT Open Discussion 4
  5. 5. Disclaimer I am not a professional language instructor. I am a professional educational technologist. I represent the future as a student of language. 5
  6. 6. How do I represent the student ofthe future? • I want to be in charge of my language learning experience. • I want it to be practical and in context. • I am very comfortable with technology and social media. “for centuries, teachers have been the acknowledged experts in the classroom: “the sage on the stage.” Teachers are still fighting with the fact that the learners appear to have taken control of the learning process. The new learners are in rebellion to examination- oriented education.” - Duane Sider, Director of Learning for Rosetta Stone 6
  7. 7. The “Future” of Education MP4 | WMV | FLV 7
  8. 8. First Topic Changing Learner Expectations 8
  9. 9. Changing Learner Expectations 21st Century Learners will increasingly demand that their experience is: • Learning-Centered • Personalized • Interactive, Social & in “The Cloud” • Mobile: Anytime, Anywhere • What They Want (Buyers Market) 9
  10. 10. Learning-Centered Education • Creates change in individual learners. • Engages learners as full partners in learning process. • Creates and offers many options for learning. • Promotes collaborative learning activities. • Defines roles of facilitators by needs of the learners. -- Terry O’Banion A Learning College for the 21st Century. 10
  11. 11. Personalized Learning The Snowflake Effect (Eric Duval and Wayne Hodgins) “Massive Hyper-Personalization” Personalized Learning as a “Disruptive Innovation” Christensen, Johnson & Horn (2008) 11
  12. 12. 21st Century Learners Will Expect (Very Soon) Interactivity Social Media The Cloud Digital media Learning Learning should do outside of this materials and something world will not status must be when it is be relevant. available touched or anywhere clicked on. (24/7) on any device. 12
  13. 13. Education is Now a Buyer’s Market It doesn’t matter whether you agree with what students want from their educational experience. If you don’t provide it, they will go somewhere else. ICT in education will make this very easy. 13
  14. 14. Self-Directed Language Learning 14
  15. 15. Online Language LearningCommunities • Livemocha – World’s Largest Language Learning Community • italki – Language Learning Community & Marketplace • busuu.com – Your Language Learning Community • My Language Exchange – Find a native speaking partner! • Dave’s ESL Café – The Internet’s Meeting place for ESL & EFL • LingQ – Study online 24/7 and meet people from around the world! • hello-hello – Interactive online language course with a community 15
  16. 16. Mobile Learning (mLearning) • Handheld Computers & Smartphones • Increasing Presence in Higher Ed • Still Very Early • Can Place Language Learning in Context • Ambient Technology 16
  17. 17. Leader in Mobile Language Learning Praxis Language Learning ChinesePod Mission? Coming to you from Shanghai, China! • ChinesePod.com To help busy people • FrenchPod.com learn Chinese. • ItalianPod.com • SpanishPod.com ChinesePod breaks down • EnglishPod.com what happens in a classroom and then smartly applies 1400+ Audio Lessons technology where A New Podcast Each Day appropriate. Uses Skype for Live Lessons Think of it as language learning for the Internet Age. 17
  18. 18. Mobile Trend TowardsAmbient Technology Surrounding us with technology rather than interacting through small screens and tiny keyboards. 18
  19. 19. Speech Recognition and Synthesis From this… To this! 19
  20. 20. SPEECH RECOGNITION AND SYNTHESIS Vocre • A new translation app that MP4 allows communication without language barriers HD • Operates by hand gestures. Speak into the phone while it is vertical, and then flip the phone horizontally to translate the FLV WMV phrase. 20
  21. 21. Second Topic ICT Instructional Methods and Theories 21
  22. 22. New Theoretical Framework The Social Cognitive Framework for Blended Learning• Social Cognitive Theory• Cognitive Science• Networked Learning Theory• Social Influence Model (Rogoff, 1998)
  23. 23. Instructional Theories for ICT A Tool Box for ICT Instructional Design • Connectivism/Networked Learning • Self-Regulated Learning Theory • Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning • Blended Learning 23
  24. 24. Connectivism/Networked Learning • Theory by George Siemens • Composed primarily of three concepts: – chaos theory – importance of networks – the interplay of complexity and self-organization • We can no longer personally experience everything. There is too much. We create networks to learn more than we can as individuals. 24
  25. 25. Self-Regulated Learning• Zimmerman (2000, 2001) Socially-Shared• Winne & Hadwin (1998) Regulation of Learning• Pintrich (2000) Coregulated Learning• Cognitive Constructs – Motivation – Goal Setting Self-Regulated Learning – Reflection – Self-Explaining Behaivors 25
  26. 26. Cognitive Theoryof Multimedia Learning • Theory developed by UCSB psychologist Richard E. Mayer • Theory is based on three main assumptions: – There are two separate channels (auditory and visual) for processing information – there is limited channel capacity – learning is an active process of filtering, selecting, organizing, and integrating information • The theory includes a series of principles that provide guidelines on how to design online lessons using multimedia. 26
  27. 27. Blended Learning It’s a new approach. It’s not just a combination of online and f2f • Several studies report increased student satisfaction with blended learning over either face-to-face or online approaches. (Clusky, Hodges, & Smith, 2006) • Several studies indicate that Blended Learning was more effective than conventional face-to-face classes (Means et al., 2009) 27
  28. 28. Blended Learning Components Blended learning instructional design has two main components: – Collaboration with peers – Learner self-reflection 28
  29. 29. Blended Learning Models • The Inverted Classroom (Flipped Classroom in K-12) (Lage, Platt & Treglia, 2000) • The Community of Inquiry Framework (Garrison, Anderson & Archer, 2000; Garrison & Vaughan, 2008) • Social Cognitive Framework for Blended Learning (Sorden, 2011)
  30. 30. So What Does the Future Look Like? 30
  31. 31. Third Topic Applications for ICT in FLT 31
  32. 32. Looking Forward 32
  33. 33. NEAR FUTURE 3-5 YEARS?• Informal/Personalized Learning • Intelligent Tutoring Systems• Blended Learning • Learning Analytics• Voice Interaction With • Personal Learning Environments Computers • Game Based Learning & Alternative Reality• Free/Inexpensive Open Content• Innovations in Digital Reading • Augmented Reality Language• Open Courses for Mobile Phones Learning• Thin Clients & Apps in the Cloud 33
  34. 34. Digital Textbooks eBook DemoA Wealth of Free Material in Books and Textbooks• Kindle Free Books with the Kindle Cloud Reader - https://read.amazon.com• Gutenberg Project - http://www.gutenberg.org• Free Open Content Initiatives – Flat World Knowledge http://www.flatworldknowledge.com – College Open Textbooks - http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org – Secondary-Level CK-12 STEM Flexbooks http://www.ck12.orgMore important than free digital content, however, isdisruptive innovations in how we interact with the content. 34
  35. 35. Visual-Syntactic Text Formatting A Few Companies are starting to pilot the use of Visual-Syntactic Text Formatting (VSTF) in Digital Textbooks and online materials. “McGraw-Hill will be testing this research out on 3 of our books in 2012.” Jaclyn Mautone in personal email Marketing Specialist McGraw-Hill Higher Education 35
  36. 36. Expect Disruptive and CognitiveInnovations in Digital Text 36
  37. 37. The Reading Eye-Span In Block Text – Minimal character-specific information can be processed outside of the oval. Everything else only competes for visual attention, while adding no informational value. Squire Trelawney, Dr. Livesay, and the rest of these gentlemen having asked me to write down the whole particulars about Treasure Island, from the beginning to the end, keeping nothing back but the bearings of the island, and that only because there is still treasure not yet lifted, I take up my pen in the year of grace 17__ and go back to the time when my father kept the Admiral Benbow inn and the brown seaman with the sabre cut first took up his lodging under one roof. 37
  38. 38. Example of VSTF 38
  39. 39. Visual Syntactic Text Formatting 39
  40. 40. VSLT Process When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which When in the Course of human events it have connected them with another, becomes necessary for one people to and dissolve the political bands which have to assume connected them with another and to among the powers assume among the powers of the earth, of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the separate and equal station the Laws of Nature and of Natures God to which the Laws of Nature entitle them, a decent respect to the and opinions of mankind requires that they of Natures God should declare the causes which impel entitle them, them to the separation. a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that Millions of they should declare computer the causes which calculations per impel them to the separation. sentence 40
  41. 41. Pre-Test and Post-Test Research 230 Control EL1 220 Live Ink EL1 210 Control ESOL 200 Live Ink ESOL 190 Fall Spring Randall C. Walker, M.D. 41
  42. 42. In the Classroom 42
  43. 43. VSTF Web-based Parsing Site http://www.liveink.com Randall C. Walker, M.D. Walker Reading Tech, Inc. 43
  44. 44. Open Courses for Mobile DevicesIn 2009, the Indira Gandhi National OpenUniversity (IGNOU) announced plans to createmLearning so students could access coursematerials through downloads on their phones.There is a huge, untapped potential fordelivering English and other subjects to learnersin developing countries using nothing morethan their own simple cell phones. Nabeel Ahmad Nabeel’s Syllabus Delicious Links 44
  45. 45. Remword - Free from ChinaRemwordprovides text,image andaudio to assistwith vocabularybuilding. 45
  46. 46. Thin Clients & Apps in the Cloud Expect to see a new emphasis on delivering courses directly from the cloud. 46
  47. 47. So, those were innovations that arealready here, but what about… Disruptive Innovations in 3-5 Years? 47
  48. 48. NEAR FUTURE 3-5 YEARS?• Informal/Personalized Learning • Learning Analytics• Blended Learning • Intelligent Tutoring Systems• Voice Interaction With • Game Based Learning Computers • Personal Learning Environments• Free/Inexpensive Open Content • Augmented Reality Language• Innovations in Digital Reading Learning• Open Courses for Mobile Phones• Thin Clients & Apps in the Cloud 48
  49. 49. Learning Analytics • Learning analytics involves data mining, interpretation, and modeling to improve understanding of teaching and learning, and to tailor education to individual students more effectively. • Learning analytics in higher education has centered primarily on identifying at-risk students who can then receive attention to avoid failure in a particular course. • The larger promise of learning analytics, however, is that when correctly applied and interpreted, it will enable faculty to more precisely identify student learning needs and tailor instruction appropriately. It is how we will finally, truly personalize education 49
  50. 50. Intelligent Tutoring Systems • Will be many, many years until they are perfected. • Based in Artificial Intelligence. • Most research from Carnegie Mellon University. • Expect to see the first uses in foreign language learning as interactive dialogs and vocabulary building exercises. 50
  51. 51. Game Based Learning/Alternative Reality “Developers and researchers are working in every area of game- based learning, including games that are goal-oriented; social game environments; non-digital games that are easy to construct and play; games developed expressly for education; and commercial games that lend themselves to refining team and group skills.” - 2011 Horizon Report • James Paul Gee • Collins & Halverson • Curtis Bonk • Marc Prensky 51
  52. 52. Personal Learning Environment (PLE) A system for an individual to access, aggregate, configure and manipulate digital artifacts of their learning experiences VLE (Moodel, Blackboard) ePortfolio+ Web 2.0 PLE Services
  53. 53. 3 Learning Objectives in a PLE • Michele Martin divided learning in PLEs into three areas: – Gathering Information – reading and learning – Processing Information – reflecting and practicing – Acting on the Learning – what do you do with it? How does it affect your practice? http://michelemartin.typepad.com/thebambooprojectblog/2007/04/my_personal_lea.html
  54. 54. ICT & PLEs for Personalized& Informal Learning • It is still not clear whether a Personal Learning Environment (PLE) is software, or simply an idea. • The main idea for a PLE is a collection of tools and methods that use technology to promote learning. 54
  55. 55. Augmented Reality 55
  56. 56. Augmented Reality Language Learning AR is the combination of real-world and computer-generated data so that computer generated objects are blended into real time projection of real life activities. – ARLL focuses on contextual (immersive learning) – Learning can move beyond physical classroom into the street/field – Contexts have the opportunity to be relevant and to engage learners. http://www.avatarlanguages.com/blog/arll 56
  57. 57. Augmented Reality – Google Goggles 57
  58. 58. Examples of Augmented Reality THE FUTURE IS UPON US! CINEMA Layar is an augmented Soon we will be able to reality software stand in a location and developed by a company HD HD see images and video of in Holland. Listen to their MP4 MP4 events that happened in vision of the future. WMV WMV that spot. FLV FLV LANGUAGE HD ART MP4 Just a simple example of MP4 Augmented Reality WMV what will be possible to WMV allows us to enhance art FLV place foreign language in FLV galleries and museums context with Augmented with additional Reality Language information or artistic Learning (ARLL) expression. 58
  59. 59. Recommendations • Try to buy or gain access to a smart phone and a tablet if you don’t already own both. • Become comfortable with digital textbooks. • Contribute to an open textbook project. • Experiment with providing resources to mobile devices. • Become visible in social sites for foreign language teachers, as well as for learners of foreign languages. • Study blended methods and experiment with blending your courses as quickly as possible. 59
  60. 60. Recent Trends in Foreign Language Teaching withInformation & Communication TechnologiesDr. Steve SordenMohave Community College 60
  61. 61. Resources • Learning in the Cloud – Warshauer • Web 2.0 How-to for Educators – Solomon and Schrum • Visual-Syntactic Text Formatting: A New Method to Enhance Online Reading • Mobile Learning • Information and Communication Technology in Education • The Horizon Report • Emerging Technologies in Distance Education (Couros) 61