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Memory improvement

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Memory improvement

  1. 1.  Mind maps?  Cues cards?  Making notes?  Drawing pictures?  Rhymes?  Making posters?
  2. 2. Memory Improvement strategies improve recall for one of 3 reasons... 1. Elaborative rehearsal 2. Organisation 3. Dual-Coding
  3. 3. Elaborative Rehearsal Requires the individual to think about the information in more detail Organisation By organising data into an order it creates links between pieces of information Dual-Coding Processing the information in 2 different ways the information is „dual-encoded‟ Increasing likelihood of remembering
  4. 4. Verbal mnemonics - focus on words Visual mnemonics - focus on imagery
  5. 5. Acronym - word/sentence is formed using the initial letters of other words e.g. Roy. G. Biv stands for….? Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet Works because of… Elaborative rehearsal Organisation
  6. 6. Acrostic - Poem/sentence where the first letter from each word forms the words/item to be remembered e.g. My Very Easy Method Just Shows Us Nine Planets stands for…? Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Works because of… Elaborative rehearsal Organisation
  7. 7. Rhymes - Group of words with an identity and rhythm Did you learn the alphabet using a rhyme? Sing it….. …“Twinkle twinkle little star” Number of days in a month? Sing it….. Works because of… Elaborative rehearsal Organisation
  8. 8. Chunking - Remember the following letters TVCIALTMNASAMSMWMM - Would this be easier? TV CIA LTM NASA MSM WMM - How do you remember mobile numbers? Works because of… Elaborative rehearsal Organisation (it‟s also thought to increase the capacity of STM)
  9. 9. Method of Loci “Loci” = places Associate places with parts of information in the order they are to be recalled Works because of… Elaborative rehearsal Organisation Dual coding
  10. 10. Keyword Method e.g. Learning a foreign language Horse = Caballo „cab-eye-yo‟ Visualise an eye riding a horse? - The visual image should trigger recall of the word Works because of… Elaborative rehearsal Organisation Dual coding
  11. 11. Creating a spider diagram using „branches‟ Main topic in centre with relevant components/ideas branching from the centre Works because of… Elaborative rehearsal Organisation Dual coding

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