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  1. 1. Why do scientists classify? <ul><li>1. We need an organization system </li></ul><ul><li>2. 2.5 million kinds of organisms on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>3. Makes it easier to study living organisms </li></ul>
  2. 2. Classification #1. (470) The division of organisms into groups, or classes, based on specific characteristics
  3. 3. Answers to Directed Reading Packet <ul><li>B (470) </li></ul><ul><li>B (470) </li></ul><ul><li>B (471) </li></ul><ul><li>C (471) </li></ul><ul><li>A (471) </li></ul><ul><li>D (471) </li></ul><ul><li>A (471) </li></ul><ul><li>Plants and Animals (471) </li></ul>
  4. 4. #10. (471) 1750’s and <ul><li>Used observations as his basis for his system </li></ul><ul><li>Developed a naming system, called Bi nomial Nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>Every animal has a first and a last name (two-part naming system) </li></ul><ul><li>Began naming animals with the language of the time- Latin </li></ul>Carolus Linnaeus
  5. 5. Levels of Classification for Living Things <ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum </li></ul><ul><li>C lass </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul>
  6. 6. #11. How many levels of classification are there below? <ul><li>King </li></ul><ul><li>Philip </li></ul><ul><li>Came </li></ul><ul><li>Over </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>Great </li></ul><ul><li>Spaghetti </li></ul>Answer = 7 (471)
  7. 7. Answers to Directed Reading Packet <ul><li>They all have hair and mammary glands. (471) </li></ul><ul><li>What are the function of mammary glands? </li></ul><ul><li>13. They give birth to live young (471) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Answers to Directed Reading Packet <ul><li>14. A (472) </li></ul><ul><li>15. D (472) </li></ul><ul><li>16. B (473) </li></ul><ul><li>species - the most closely related group that can mate and produce fertile offspring. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Answers to Directed Reading Packet <ul><li>Phyla (472) </li></ul><ul><li>genus (472) </li></ul><ul><li>kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species (472) </li></ul><ul><li>scientific name (472) </li></ul>
  10. 11. This can be compared with the division of land in the United States <ul><li>Largest grouping is a Country-USA </li></ul><ul><ul><li> 50 States-Indiana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>County-Putnam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Town-Greencastle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Street- Ridge Ave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 houses on Ridge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Street #=611 </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Answers to Directed Reading Packet <ul><ul><li>Before, Linnaeus scientists used names that had as many as 12 words to identify a species. (472) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The system was difficult because scientist didn’t always refer to organisms using the same names. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>22. Carolus Linnaeus (472) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Answers to Directed Reading Packet <ul><ul><li>Genus (473) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital letter (473) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowercase letter (473) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organism (473) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Latin, Greek (473) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Species (473) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T. rex (473) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Felis domesticus (473) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Ursus h orribilis <ul><li>?Any ideas about this scientific name </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t have to know Latin to understand the meanings for scientific names </li></ul><ul><li>Ursus (Genus-first name)-means bear </li></ul><ul><li>horribilis-(Species name) is the adjective to describe the noun it modifies </li></ul><ul><li>Horribilis-means horrible, scary </li></ul>
  14. 15. Grizzly Bear
  15. 16. Match the following Scientific Names Common Names e. Mus musculus Indian Elephant d. Elephas maximus Water Scavenger Beetle c. Tropaea luna Praying Mantis b. Hydrophilus obtusatus House mouse a. Mantis religiosa Luna Moth
  16. 17. Answers to Directed Reading Packet <ul><ul><li>C (474) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dichotomous key (474) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using paired statements (474) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C (475) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D—the skunk example (475) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A (475) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TOTAL POINTS=36 </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Classification of Living Things
  18. 19. Classification of Living Things
  19. 20. Classification of Living Things
  20. 21. Classification of Living Things
  21. 22. Classification of Living Things
  22. 23. 6 th Grade Entomology Project-Classifying Insects
  23. 24. Why are we doing an insect collection?
  24. 25. <ul><li>Tens of millions of living creatures on Earth and ½ of them are insects. </li></ul><ul><li>2. 1 out of 4 insects are beetles </li></ul><ul><li>3. 1/10 of weight of rainforest floor is ants </li></ul><ul><li>4. Why are there so many insects? </li></ul>
  25. 26. Orders of Insects