Assessment of burn-out and social support in nursing
1. Assessment of burn-out and social support in nursing
Fradelos E,1 Mpelegrinos S2, Mparo Chr2, Vassilopoulou Chr3, Argyrou P1, Staikos1
1 State Mental Hospital of Attica Daphne 2Ministry of Health Greece 3 Athinaion Clinic 4Sotiria Hospital
Introduction: Burnout may be defined as a state of physical, emotional and mental
exhaustion that results from long-term involvement in work situations that are emotionally
demanding. During the last years, researchers have shown a great interest in the use
of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) in order to assess
perceived social support in clinical and social context. The association of social support with
burnout is investigated.
Pearson correlations on MBI and MPSS.
Emotional exhaustion Pearson Correlation -329** -120 -,292**
Sig. (2-tailed) ,000 ,169 ,001
N 133 133 133
Depersonalization Pearson Correlation -,301** -,129 -,277**
Sig. (2-tailed) ,000 ,137 ,001
N 134 135 135
Personal accompllsh Pearson Correlation ,377** ,313** ,411**
Sig. (2-tailed) ,000 ,000 ,000
N 136 137 137
**Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).
*Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed).
Purpose: The present study aims to, Examine
possible correlations between burnout and
social environment; Investigate differences with
regards to the levels of burnout in nursing
professionals working in General and Mental
hospitals respectively. Material and methods: A
cohort of 139 nurses was recruited from
General and Mental hospitals located within the
broader area of Athens. From the total sample, 42
were men and 97 women with a mean age of 39.9
years of life. We used the following
questionnaires: Maslach Burnout Inventory and
MSPSS to assess social support.
Results: The results indicated the effect
that social support has on decreasing the
levels of burnout (p <0.01) in nursing
professionals . In addition, according the
results there is a statistically significant
correlation between age, education level
and whether the staff carries out
administrative duties or not in assessment
Conclusions: Social support and socio-
demographic factors appear to affect the
levels of burnout syndrome of nurses in
Psychiatric and General Hospital.
There were 97 females (69.8%) and 42 males
Participants ages ranged from 23-59 years with a
mean of 39.89 .
Working settings: Mental hospitals 44.6% and
General Hospitals 55.4%.
Educational status of the sample was: high school
degree 33.1%, Higher Education 59% and 7.9%.
High School Higher education Postgraduate Education