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1-2 Conducting research.pptx

  2. COMING UP WITH THE RESEARCH TOPIC •Research always begins with an idea, and it is up to you as a student or researcher to turn that idea into a researchable problem. •Take note that research subject may not always be a problem, because it can sometimes just be a topic.
  3. •Whatever topic or problem you take must be within the field of study under which you are studying. •Whether your topic is a direct problem, or just a topic, it should have a problem within it. •A research topic can reflect a real problem in life based on observation, or it can simply be a ‘gap in knowledge or literature.
  4. •Whatever topic you pick must be a something that interests you. This is because you will work on this topic for a long time, therefore you should be able to live it, eat it, sleep it and dream it. If you pick a topic that does not interest you, you are most likely to give up when you come across obstacles. •Be realistic about what you can or cannot do. •Ensure that your topic is at an acceptable scientific level in terms of researchability.
  5. STEPS OF CHOOSING A TOPIC 1.Identify a broad research topic (pick a topic relevant to your intended work) 2.Identity your interest (what is it that interests you about your intended work?) 3.Identify a problem from you are interested in (you can talk to people about it) 4.Get information regarding your topic (read about your proposed topic) 5.Create a concept note
  6. WHAT IS A CONCEPT NOTE Under the concept note you address the following questions: •What is the topic and what the problem? •Why is it important to solve the problem? •How are you going to do to solve it? •Where will the study take place? •When will you do it?
  7. SOURCES OF RESEARCH TOPICS Where do we get our research topics? These come from different corners expositions, and include: 1.Everyday situations 2.Magazines and periodicals 3.Other research studies 4.Books (archive data/secondary)
  8. CONDUCTING THE LITERATURE REVIEW •It is a terrible mistake to begin a research project without first consulting available literature because then your research has no backbone. •It is important to do a literature review because it helps provide information about what was done, how it was done, and what results were generated about your topic.
  9. •By doing literature you identify gaps that may exist in the findings of other authors and researchers.
  10. QUESTIONS TO ADDRESS IN REGARDS TO LITERATURE 1. What type of research has been done in the area? 2. What has been found in previous studies? 3. What suggestions do other researchers make for further study? 4. What has not been investigated? 5. How can the proposed study add to our knowledge of the area? 6. What research methods were used in previous studies?
  11. ETHICAL ISSUES IN RESEARCH Research ethics refers to the moral principles guiding research – which actually means conducting a research study in responsible and morally acceptable manner. In short, research ethics refer to the morally acceptable conduct of a researcher.
  12. ETHICAL ELEMENTS/GUIDELINES IN STUDIES INVOLVING HUMANS 1.Protection of participants from harm 2.Ensuring informed consent 3.Confidentiality, Anonymity and Privacy 4.Avoidance of plagiarism 5.Avoidance of deception 6.Freedom to withdraw from study 7.Assent for the minors