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Agriculture in India ppt....

  1. March 6, 2014 A perspective on agricultural and trade issues of India …. Indian Agriculture – An Overview… Challenges facing Indian agriculture & Syngenta’s contribution…
  2. 2 Some facts…. By 2050 global population will rise to 9 billion….out of which 1.7 billionwill be in India alone Total calorie requirement will go up from 2495 to 3000 Food grain production would need to increase by 5.5 MT annually Demand for high-value food commodities will go up by > 100% due to migration of people into cities, increased wealth, shift towards diets rich in protein Currently.. 52% of our population is involved in Agriculture.... yet it contributes just 13.7% to India’s GDP
  3. 3 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 Hectare of Arable Land Source: UN and FAO, 2005 Arable Land (ha) per person Most populous countries have least room to expand Produce more with less… Land | Water | Labor Growing resource constraints • Much of India’s total arable area already in use (46%) • Most remaining land has serious soil and terrain constraints
  4. 4 There is also the problem of…. Decreasing size of landholding 86% growers in India are smallholders They cultivate 44% of the land and contribute 50% to farm output Landholding declined from 2.30ha in the 70s to 1.32 ha in 2000-01 Average size would be a mere 0.68 ha in 2020 and 0.32 ha in 2030
  5. 5 And the degradation of the production environment…. Soil erosion has degraded 120.72 million ha of land in India 8.4 million ha has soil salinity and water-logging Water-table & water quality deteriorating Green-revolution belt exhibiting problems owing to over- exploitation and mismanagement of soil-and-water resources
  6. 6 Source: UN-Water and FAO Growing resource constraints Agriculture is India’s largest user of water >40% lost to inefficient practices Nearly 50% agricultural land is rain-fed Produce more with less… Land | Water | Labor
  7. 7 Source: UN-Water and FAO Farm demographics- aging population and migration to cities influence labor availability High-tech machines, complex production processes and strict production regulations require skilled labor Growing resource constraints Produce more with less… Land | Water | Labor
  8. 8 8 Indian Agriculture ● India agriculture has an extensive background which goes back to 10 thousand years. At present, in terms of agricultural production, the country holds the second position all over the world. ● Indian Agriculture has made rapid strides since independence; - From food shortages and import to self-sufficiency and exports. - From subsistence farming to intensive and technology led cultivation. - Today , India is the front ranking producer of many crops in the world. - Ushered in through the green, white, blue and yellow revolutions
  9. 9 Total Area 7th Irrigated Area 1st Population 2nd Economically Active population 2nd Total Cereals 3rd Wheat 2nd Rice 2nd Coarse grains 4th Total Pulses 1st Oil Seeds 2nd Fruits and Vegetables 2nd Implements (Tractors) 3rd Milk 1st Live Stock (castles, Buffaloes) 1st Indian Agriculture – Respective Global Rank
  10. 10 ● Contributes to 14% of GDP ● Provides food to 1.25 Billion people ● Sustains 65% of the population : helps alleviate poverty ● Produces 51 major Crops ● Provides Raw Material to Industries ● Contributes to 1/6th of the export earnings ● Huge bio-diversity : 46,000 species of plants & 86,000 species of animals Largest producer in the world of pulses , tea , and milk ● India was largest exporter of rice and guar gum, and second largest exporter of cotton and beef (buffalo meat). ● Second Largest producer of fruits & vegetables,wheat,rice,groundnut & sugarcane. ● Our major imports: edible oils (US $11 billion) and pulses (about US $ 3 billion). Indian Agriculture- Some Facts
  11. 11 Agriculture productivity in India - 1970 to 2010 Crop Average YIELD, 1970-1971 Average YIELD, 1990-1991 Average YIELD, 2010–2011 kilogram per hectare kilogram per hectare kilogram per hectare Rice 1123 1740 2240 Wheat 1307 2281 2938 Pulses 524 578 689 Oilseeds 579 771 1325 Sugarcane 48322 65395 68596 Tea 1182 1652 1669 Cotton 106 225 510
  12. 12 Indian Agriculture – Major Crop Areas Rice 106 million tonnes Wheat 96 million tonnes Coarse Cereals 41 million tonnes Pulses 20 million tonnes Oilseeds 20.9 million tonnes Sugarcane 29.9 million tonnes Total Geographical Area - 328 million hectares Net Area sown - 142 million hectares Gross Cropped Area – 190.8 million hectares Major Crop Production;
  13. 13 Crop Average farm yield in Bihar Average farm yield in Karnataka Average farm yield in Punjab kilogram per hectare kilogram per hectare kilogram per hectare Wheat 2020 N.A 3880 Rice 1370 2380 3130 Pulses 610 470 820 Oil seeds 620 680 1200 Sugarcane 45510 79560 65300 Indian Agriculture – Strong regional variations in yield
  14. 14 ● STRENGTHS - Rich Bio-diversity - Arable land - Climate - Strong and well dispersed research and extension system ● OPPORTUNITIES - Bridgeable yield crops - Exports - Agro-based Industry - Horticulture - Untapped potential in the North Eastern part of India ● WEAKNESS - Fragmentation of land - Low Technology Inputs - Unsustainable Water Management - Poor Infrastructure - Low value addition ● THREATS - Unsustainable Resource Use - Unsustainable Regional Development - Imports - small and shrinking holding size (1.16 ha in 2010-11); - climate variability...high risk. Indian Agriculture – Present Scenario (SWOT) But the future is safe and optimistic for the next decade and more
  15. 15 10 challenges faced by agriculture in India ● Small and fragmented land holdings ● Manures, Fertilizers and Biocides ● Shortage of good quality Seeds for poor peasants ● Problem of Irrigation ● Lack of mechanization ● Soil erosion ● Agricultural marketing ● Inadequate storage facilities ● Inadequate transport ● Scarcity of capital Classification: PUBLIC Draft
  16. 16 Contribution of Syngenta in India
  17. 17 Syngenta in India is…. • A leading Agribusiness • Providing Integrated solutions • Engaging with growers at every step. • Focusing on 8 strategic crops. • World class R&T centre and Manufacturing site in Goa • Research stations across India • Seed manufacturing facilities
  18. 18 Our Strategy Innovate Integrate Outperform Develop new solutions combining biology and chemistry, incorporating adjacent technologies and building new business models Outperform on the farmer’s field, gain market share, sustain profitable growth Create integrated offers supported by agronomic expertise and understanding of growers challenges Our strategy has growers’ needs at its heart
  19. 19 Our Philosophy Taking responsibility for our products- from production to safe use, storage and disposal is a priority at Syngenta 17,000 trainings for farmers in 2012 More than 1 million farmers and nearly 1900 Channel partners trained 6500 posters in regional languages distributed Active participation in ‘Container Management Program’ of Crop Life India
  20. 20 Our Collaborations
  21. 21 Corporate Social Responsibility
  22. 22 India The Good Growth Plan
  23. 23 More food Less waste One planet. Six commitments. The Good Growth Plan Make crops more efficient Increase average productivity of the world’s major crops by 20% without using more land, water or inputs More biodiversity Less degradation Rescue more farmland Improve the fertility of 10 million hectares of farmland on the brink of degradation Help biodiversity flourish Enhance biodiversity on 5 million hectares of farmland More health Less poverty Look after every worker Strive for fair labor conditions throughout our entire supply chain network Empower smallholders Reach 20 million smallholders and enable them to increase productivity by 50% Help people stay safe Train 20 million farm workers on labor safety, especially in developing countries
  24. 24 India Examples GroMore an integrated rice solution comprising of simple protocols offering timely advice ‘in the language of the farmer’ to establish and protect the crop, delivering immediate yield increases of up to 30%. Tegra™: Piloted in South India in 2009. An integrated growing system, delivering more productive tillers and a yield increase of up to 30%. Project Nirmiti: a program that utilizes a network of local residents to make agricultural knowledge, inputs and services available to smallholders in rural India to improve farming practices, productivity and livelihoods. Techno-Commercial Centers: Farmer Producer Companies set up by government in Madhya Pradesh aim to help India’s smallholders access technology and achieve economies of scale in purchasing, marketing etc. Syngenta Me and Mine utilizes a network of local residents to make agricultural knowledge, inputs and services available to smallholders in rural India to improve farming practices, productivity and livelihoods.
  25. 25 Classification: INTERNAL ONLY Joints projects with PAU “ Popularsing recommended agronomic practices of crop viz Rice,Corn,Wheat & Potato” Major PROJECT GroMore Rice / MaxWheat
  26. 26 Summary of North GroMore pilot project with PAU – 2012/13 Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY Sharing GroMore concept PAU officials sharing GroMore Tillers to farmers PAU officials & growers Counting GroMore Panicles & grains Outcome for Grower & Syngenta Better ROI for grower Syngenta GroMore Pilot Yield increase – 32% Syngenta CP protocol – Rs.7731/ha Grower CP spend – Rs.4790/ha Additional income – Rs.21917 / ha August 2012 September 2012 October 2012 onwards MOU Signed with PAU June 2012 Oct. 2011 Actual yield and quality data is expected by Oct end 2012
  27. 27 Outlining GroMore Project Geograph y Central Plain Zone Sub Mountainous Undulating Zone Undulating Plain Zone Developin g Amritsar Gurdaspur Developed Ludhiana Mixed Jalandhar Kapurthala Developed Geography Developing Geography • Selected 5 Districts cover; • Major rice agro climatic zones • 40% of Punjab rice acreage & production • PAU presence (Farm Advisory Services) • Both Rice-Wheat & Rice-Potato rotations • Selected 5 Districts in Punjab – Divided each in to two sub districts. • 5 Villages in each sub district – 10 Villages per district • 5 Growers per village – 250 Growers in all 5 districts • Undertaken ½ Acre of Grower for GroMore – 125 Acres Under GroMore
  28. 28 Data Summary • Total Grower Data – 173 (8 Sub Districts ) • ROI - Average yield increase value is R.22K/Ha over farmer practice with Rs. 3K/Ha increase in CP spend. • Average Increase in Yield & Additional Income across geographies; Developing Developed Mixed Yield Increase - MT/ Hectare 1.82 1.56 1.68 Yield Increase % 41% 20% 30% Additional Income/ Hectare - INR 23321 19904 21520
  29. 29 GroMore – Summary of “ Grower feedback” • Nursery in beds is meaningful • Line transplantation helped in aeration of crop hence less pests/Disease & Agri.ops are easy • Reduced Fertilizer inputs • Actara drench gives lush-green-healthy seedlings. • One line off is good • Thionutri at 15 DAT gives more tillers • Not only preached but practiced too. • GroMore Plot is like garden – Everyone stops to see. • Liako prophylactic is unique. • Fellow farmers who made fun of us are now appreciating. • More hills/Sq. Meter will yield more. • Uniform crop emergence/tillering. • Had to spend Rs.800 on manual weeding in my plot • The only company having complete solution.
  30. 30 GroMore is a dream harvest for farmers !! Early Harvesting - GroMore harvesting is early by 15 days , means will be able to advance sowing of Rabi crop for a better harvest . Better Output Price – because of better quality GroMore crop fetching min 22 $ /MT means 9% higher than farmer practice GroMore Practice Farmer Practice 1st GroMore harvest in market Observe the grain color
  31. 31 GroMore – Summary of officials'’ feedback Deputy commissioner Gurdaspur – Dr. A Trikha IAS Dr.MK Saini – FASS ( Farm advisory service Gurdaspur) PAU Vice- Chancellor , Dir. of Agriculture Punjab, ADG IRRI, Head of PAU Kissan Club, PAU governing board members NABARD Team & Deptt of Agriculture officials We feel good to attend such knowledge dissemination meetings By this unique story telling you are not only doing verbal education of rice cultivation but also demonstrating it in farmer fields….is commendable . Syngenta rice team team was recognized in annual PAU Kissan expo. I would like to thank Syngenta rice team for this kind of Unique initiative in our developing area of Rice.
  32. 32 Global Nuffield farming Scholars from Canada/Ireland/New-Zealand & Australia (Guests at PAU Kisan Mela) have seen GroMore Rice Plots “PAU & Syngenta have jointly taken a good initiative with Rice project This will surely enhance rice productivity. Farmer will surely get a yield increase of 20-30%.” Brenda Schlepp 2012 Scholar Canadian Nuffield Agricultural Scholar “It is seen first time the way farmers are being advise in such a good manner.” Jemma Sadler 2012 Scholar , Wongan Hills in Western Australia, “It is amazing to see the difference between the GroMore Rice Plot & Farmer practice field .The GroMore Plot is completely free of pest & Farmer Practices was fully damage with pest” Robin Schaefer, Loxton in South Australia “Hopes of new revolution will come in future with the increase of plant population /m² More Seedling …More crop/Yield Good initiative. Keep it up Mr. P.P.S.Pangali (President PAU kisan Club)
  33. 33 Farmer excited to see the MaxWheat project results Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY
  34. 34 MaxWheat Project- Agronomy informationinformation gave to growers Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY
  35. 35 Safety / Application message….. In all the farmer meeting.. Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY
  36. 36 GroMore Rice Approach…. Easy to understand Strong & Healthy foundation Strengthen the expectation Turn hope into reality Maximize yield and quality Seedling phase Vegetative Reproductive Ripening Establish yield & quality foundation Max. yield potential Protect quality
  37. 37 Thank You!