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Of america's heritage disability history an important part

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Of america's heritage disability history an important part

  1. 1. O F F I C E O F D I S A B I L I T Y E M P L O Y M E www.zycnzj.com zycnzj.com/ N T P O L I C Y Disability History: An Important Part of America’s Heritage Defining the Next Generation Cover montage photo credits: Top photo of FDR statue photographic collage courtesy Neal Presant and Jonathan Young. Bottom photo courtesy George Bush Presidential Library and Museum The Americans with Disabilities Act and took action, holding sit-ins in Federal (ADA) was signed by President George H. buildings, blocking inaccessible buses from W. Bush on July 26, 1990. As a result of moving, drafting legislation, and protesting this landmark legislation, communities in the streets. And like the broader and workplaces across the nation have movements that preceded it, the disability become more inclusive and welcoming for rights movement had its own heroes and America’s nearly 40 million people with champions: Ed Roberts, Gini Laurie and disabilities. Justin Dart to name a few. Despite the ADA’s importance, however, Teaching children about the contributions many Americans are unfamiliar with the of particular populations to our nation’s events that led to its passage. Inspired by history, such as women and people of the civil rights and anti-war movements of various ethnic backgrounds, has been the 1960s and the feminist movement of recognized as important through the zycnzj.com/http://www.zycnzj.com/ the 1970s, disability leaders joined forces declaration of dedicated months as well as
  2. 2. zycnzj.com/ www.zycnzj.com and Awareness Weeks” in Florida’s public schools. This initiative began when the FYC took its idea to the 2006 Family Café Conference in Orlando, where they met with then Governor Jeb Bush, who agreed to support the effort by issuing an Executive Order. Subsequently, bills have been introduced in both the Florida House and Senate. Florida’s youth leaders are now collaborating with youth leaders from other states interested in introducing similar bills. The North Carolina Youth Leadership Network (NCYLN) successfully advocated for the month of October to be devoted to “Disability History and Photo courtesy Yoshiko Dart Awareness.” In March 2007, proposed legislation was filed in the North Carolina House and other educational programs. Disability history, Senate. To boost the effort, the NCYLN formed however, has been largely ignored in school a partnership with the Alliance of Disability curricula. This is particularly paradoxical since Advocates Center for Independent Living. With anyone, regardless of age, race, or heritage, may the backing of the disability community and become a part of the population of people with other allies, including the North Carolina Parent disabilities at any time. But the tide is beginning Teacher Association, there was significant public to turn—due mainly to the grassroots efforts of support to pass the bill, which was signed by the young disability leaders. Governor in July 2007. Promoting Positive Change Washington State successfully passed a bill at the State Level that established October as “Disability History Month” in all public schools. In passing the bill, The youth-led movement for equal education the legislature stated that “recognizing disability on disability history celebrated its first victory history will inspire students with disabilities to in West Virginia in April 2006, when the West feel a greater sense of pride, reduce harassment Virginia Youth Disability Caucus was and bullying, and help keep students with instrumental in the passage of an act establishing disabilities in school.” Washington’s bill also the third week in October as “Disability History requires public institutions of higher education Week.” This legislation requires public schools to provide educational activities related to to educate students about disability history, disability history during the month. people with disabilities, and the disability rights movement and encourages colleges Reflecting one of its 2007 legislative priorities, and universities to promote awareness and the Idaho State Independent Living Council understanding of disability history. Further, proposed legislation establishing the third it encourages the legislature to provide week of October as “Disability History Week,” recognition of Disability History Week through during which Idaho schools would be required an annual proclamation and provide resources to instruct on disability history, the independent for instruction and activities. living movement, and disability rights. A con- current resolution making October “Disability Other states are following suit. The Florida History Month” was passed by the State Legi- Youth Council (FYC) is seeking to establish the slature in March and went into effect shortly zycnzj.com/http://www.zycnzj.com/resolution encourages education first two weeks in October as “Disability History thereafter. The
  3. 3. zycnzj.com/ www.zycnzj.com on disability history during October, but does development of skills such as goal-setting, not make it mandatory. Advocates are also decision-making, and working well with others, trying to integrate disability history into the attributes essential for success in adulthood and state curriculum and Idaho Standards employment—and future advocacy efforts. Achievement Test. Educating Tomorrow’s Leaders Today These and other efforts to integrate disability history into schools and communities reflect one of the key components of effective youth leadership development—learning about the history, values, and beliefs of one’s society. Such youth leadership development experiences correlate with a number of positive outcomes, including decreases in negative behaviors (e.g., alcohol and tobacco use and violence) and increases in positive attitudes and behaviors (e.g., motivation, academic performance, self-esteem, problem-solving, positive health decisions, and interpersonal skills). Youth leadership development activities are similarly linked to increased self-efficacy and the Photo courtesy Ken Stein Resources Following are resources for educators and others to enhance awareness and understanding of disability history and the contributions of people with disabilities: ADL Curriculum Connections: by recovering, chronicling, and interpreting their Anti-Bias Lesson Plans and Resources stories. The site’s library contains for K–12 Educators document and visual stills collections. www.adl.org/education/curriculum_ connections/fall_2005/ Disability Social History Project This site provides curriculum suggestions www.disabilityhistory.org/index.html for teaching disability history. This resource is a community history project that provides information about famous Center on Human Policies: activists in the disability movement, a disability Disability Studies for Teachers history timeline, and related information. www.disabilitystudiesforteachers.org This site is a reference tool for teachers in grades EDGE - Education for Disability 6-12. It includes lesson plans, activities, and ma- and Gender Equity terials for teaching disability history. www.disabilityhistory.org/dwa/edge/ curriculum/ Disability History Museum This site includes a high school curriculum www.disabilitymuseum.org incorporating disability and gender issues This site promotes understanding about the into the Humanities and Sciences. zycnzj.com/http://www.zycnzj.com/ historical experience of people with disabilities
  4. 4. zycnzj.com/ www.zycnzj.com Resources (continued) Resource Center for Independent Living www.rcil.com/DisabilityFAQ/ Family Village DisabilityRightsMovement.html www.familyvillage.wisc.edu/general/ This site provides a timeline of the history.html disability civil rights movement. This resource centralizes a number of resources on disability history. Santa Monica College Accommodating Students with Disabilities Florida Youth Council www.smc.edu/disabledstudent/Guide/ www.ncld-youth.info/fyc.htm 34philos.htm This site details the grassroots efforts This page offers insight into the to celebrate “Disability History and philosophy behind disability rights. Awareness Weeks” in Florida and provides general information about Smithsonian National Museum of American History disability history. www.americanhistory.si.edu/ disabilityrights/welcome.html Minnesota Governor’s Council This site offers a virtual tour of the Disability on Developmental Disabilities Rights Movement Exhibit at the Smithsonian www.mncdd.org/parallels/index.html National Museum of American History. This site provides extensive information Tolerance.Org on disability history. www.tolerance.org/teach/activities/ activity.jsp?p=0&ar=872&pa=1 Mountain State Centers This site contains activities that can be done in for Independent Living the classroom relating to disability history. www.mtstcil.org/advocacy/ West Virginia Legislation 2006youth-sb472.html www.legis.state.wv.us/Bill_Text_ This page is dedicated to the youth HTML/2006_SESSIONS/RS/BILLS/ who brought the “Establishing Disability hb4491%20enr.htm This is the West Virginia bill that established History Week” law to West Virginia. “Disability History Week” in the state. Parent Advocacy Coalition West Virginia News Release on Disability for Educational Rights (PACER Center) History Week wvde.state.wv.us/news/1297 www.pacer.org/C3/curriculum/ This page provides information to other states Session2/ exploring ways to spread the word about their This page provides both resources and Disability History Weeks/Months. It also curricula for teaching disability history. provides resources for teachers. Office of Disability Employment Policy - U.S. Department of Labor 200 Constitution Avenue, NW • Washington, DC 20210 Voice: 1-866-ODEP-DOL (633-7365) • TTY: 1-877-889-5627 zycnzj.com/http://www.zycnzj.com/ www.dol.gov/odep 01.09