2. A sentence
• Is a group of words containing a
subject and predicate.
• Should express a complete thought or
be able to make sense.
• Sometimes, the subject is ‘hidden’, as
in a command : ‘Fire’.
• Can be simple, compound, complex, or
3. The simple sentence
• It contains only one independent clause.
• It is limited to:
i. One subject
ii. One predicate
• It is considered to be the smallest sentence
• He is playing.
We are singing.
5. The Compound Sentence
• It is made of two or more independent clauses or
• It is joined by conjunctions or punctuation
• My mother swept and washed the floor.
• Both the sister and the brother ate the cake.
6. The Complex Sentence
• Complex sentence use
i. One independent clause and
ii. One or more dependent clauses
The teachers are attending a meeting which started
at eight o’clock.
The police inspector arrested the robbers who were
hiding behind the temple.
7. The Compound – Complex Sentence
• It is composed of a compound and a complex
• It should contain two or more independent
clauses and one or more dependent clauses.
• My uncle woke up and switched on the television
which was brought recently.
8. Try this now…
• The ladies were in groups and they felt that
working together is interesting since they were
able to help each other.
• Malaysians are worried of HINI and they want
the government to take serious actions which will
make them feel safe and secured.