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Application of gis in indian railways

This presentation shows the basic application of gis in indian railways. Only brief description is given, Rest of the information can be found on the internet.

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Application of gis in indian railways

  1. 1. Presented by :- Sumeet parmar (120107232) Sumit vikram singh(120107234) Abrar ahmed (120107015) APPLICATION OF GIS IN INDIAN RAILWAYS
  2. 2. INDIAN RAILWAYS  Indian Railways is one of the world’s largest rail networks under a single management.  It is the lifeline of the nation, the Indian Railways started its service 161 years ago on 16 April 1853.  The Route Length is around 63,332 Km with more than 8000 stations & There are around 250,000 wagons and 9045 Locos.  It carries over 13 million passengers & 1.3 million tones of freight everyday  The Gross Traffic Receipts is Rs.90,000 Crores.
  3. 3. NEED FOR GIS SYSTEM IN IR  ASSET MANGEMENT  Assets in IR are classified as: fixed(distributed), moving, fixed (location specific)  GIS simplifies the management of geographically distributed assets.  DESIGN & SAFETY  Decrease the probability of accidents and malfunctions  Real time monitoring of trains , Rail Radar, a live train tracking service that runs on Google Maps  INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  Center for railway management system  FOIS  PRS  WISE  LRDSS
  4. 4. ASSET MANAGEMENT  Indian railways is a geographically distributed organization  Assets are spread across the country  Types of assets : Fixed (distributed): tracks, overhead ecltrified lines Fixed(location specific ): station,yards Moving : locomotives, coaches and wagons.  Simplifies the management of assets
  5. 5. ASSET MANAGEMENT (CONT’D) Assets management is done by base maps and various maintenance and management systems  Base maps : Basic topgraphic sheets developed by survey of india followed by adding layers of assets owned by IR, finally adding subsequent layers  Maintenance systems :  LMS : Locomotive management system  WISE : Workshop management system  TMS : Track management system  AWT : Automatic wagon tracking
  6. 6. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  CRIS : CENTRE FOR RAILWAY INFORMATION SYSTEM  The Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) designs, develops, implements and maintains most of the important information systems of Indian Railways  It is located in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi. CRIS was established in 1986 by the Ministry of Railways of India.  A unique feature of CRIS is collaboration by IT specialists and railway experts on deputation from the Indian Railways
  7. 7. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  PRS : PASSENGER RESERVATION SYSTEM A nationwide online passenger reservation and ticketing system, developed and maintained by CRIS, is a client-server application developed in C and Fortran on a Digital OpenVMS operating system using RTR (Reliable Transaction Router) as middleware.  CONCERT (Country-wide Network of Computerised Enhanced Reservation & Ticketing) interconnects the four regional computing systems (in New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai) into a national PRS grid. . It allows a passenger anywhere to book
  8. 8. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PRS handles reservations, changes, cancellations and refunds, reserving over 1.6 million seats and berths daily. Complex rules, validations and fare computation techniques are
  9. 9. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  FOIS : FREIGHT OPERATIONS INFORMATION SYSTEM FOIS began as an application to track and monitor the movement of wagons, locomotives and unit trains. Now it is a complete management module for freight trains handling the billing and revenue collections as well.
  10. 10. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  BENEFITS OF FOIS : It gives a total transparent system with continuos cargo visibility It provides an up to date business enviroment to the customers with instant access to information regarding their consignments in transit for just in time inventory. Increased revenue Savings in time and cost of handling in yards Improved customer service and satisfaction
  12. 12. SAFETY  Indian Railways plans to fit GPS devices on each train and which will track Google Maps for general usage. For each train the cost of the GPS device would come to around Rs 70,000 to Rs 100,000 for each train. The tracking instruments are expected to provide precision of 10 meters and delay of 2 minutes. These devices will be fitted in nearly 100 trains.  The move is expected to help prevent accidents and avert loss of lives. The Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS), the technology arm of the Indian Railways, has developed a GPS-based solution with help of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), which can provide exact location of a train with an accuracy of 10 metres, and latency of 2 minutes, on a real-time basis.  ISRO’s INSAT-3C satellite will aid in location of moving
  13. 13. SAFETY Every year about 400 gangmen are run over by trains while working on the rail tracks. To check these deaths, railways will use Satellite Imaging for Rail Navigation (SIMRAN). This train tracking technology has been developed by IIT-Kanpur and Research Design and Standards Organisation (RDSO).  SIMRAN :  In March 2010, Indian Railways had announced a project called Satellite Imaging for Rail Navigation (SIMRAN), which aimed at providing real-time train tracking through GPS and mobile (GSM) technologies.  GWS and ULCGWS are by products of simran
  14. 14. SAFETY  GWS :  It stands for gangmen warning system  Every year about 400 gangmen are run over by trains while working on the rail tracks  GWS is a byproduct of SIMRAN which works on GSM technology  GWS would alert a gangman about an approaching train from a distance of 2,000 metres. The gangman will have to walk with a device which will warn him against the approaching train.  Developed at a cost of Rs 30 lakh by IIT-KANPUR
  15. 15. SAFETY  ULCGWS :  It stands for Unmanned Level Crossing Gates Warning System.  The accidents at unmanned level crossings are rampant in railways. There have been several instances where vehicles hit the boom barriers and disrupted movement of trains.  SIMRAN tracks trains through GPS, GSM and/or RF tags. The technology has been developed jointly by RDSO and IIT-K.  In this, a device would be installed at level crossings, both manned and unmanned, to alert road-users about the approaching train.  The signal would change colour when the train is 2,000
  16. 16. SAFETY  ACD :  It stands for ANTI COLLISION DEVICE.  Train Collision prevention system invented by Rajaram Bojji and patented by Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd.  They take inputs from GPS satellite system for position updates and network among themselves for exchanging information using their data radio modems to take decisions for timely auto-application of brakes to prevent dangerous 'collisions', thus forming a 'Raksha Kavach' (meaning a '(Train) Safety shield').
  17. 17. CONCLUSION  Indian Railways has used Information Technology and GIS to improve the experience of passengers and freight customers.  Increasingly, IT applications with the help of GIS are being developed to address internal efficiency and effectiveness. Indian Railways now finds itself in an age in which rapid assimilation of IT in all walks of life opens up greater opportunities.  GIS has increased the effectiveness of management and safety in indian railways and will be of great use in this sector.
  18. 18. THANKYOU