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Presented by :-
APPLICATION OF GIS IN INDIAN
Indian Railways is one of the world’s largest
rail networks under a single management.
It is the lifeline of the nation, the Indian Railways started
its service 161 years ago on 16 April 1853.
The Route Length is around 63,332 Km with more than
8000 stations & There are around 250,000 wagons and
It carries over 13 million passengers & 1.3 million tones
of freight everyday
The Gross Traffic Receipts is Rs.90,000 Crores.
NEED FOR GIS SYSTEM IN IR
Assets in IR are classified as: fixed(distributed),
moving, fixed (location specific)
GIS simplifies the management of geographically
DESIGN & SAFETY
Decrease the probability of accidents and malfunctions
Real time monitoring of trains , Rail Radar, a live train
tracking service that runs on Google Maps
INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Center for railway management system
Indian railways is a geographically distributed
Assets are spread across the country
Types of assets :
Fixed (distributed): tracks, overhead ecltrified lines
Fixed(location specific ): station,yards
Moving : locomotives, coaches and wagons.
Simplifies the management of assets
Assets management is done by base maps and
various maintenance and management systems
Base maps : Basic topgraphic sheets developed by
survey of india followed by adding
layers of assets owned by IR, finally adding
Maintenance systems :
LMS : Locomotive management system
WISE : Workshop management system
TMS : Track management system
AWT : Automatic wagon tracking
CRIS : CENTRE FOR RAILWAY INFORMATION
The Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS)
designs, develops, implements and maintains most
of the important information systems of Indian
It is located in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi. CRIS was
established in 1986 by the Ministry of Railways of India.
A unique feature of CRIS is collaboration by IT
specialists and railway experts on deputation from the
PRS : PASSENGER RESERVATION SYSTEM
A nationwide online passenger reservation and
ticketing system, developed and maintained by CRIS, is
a client-server application developed
in C and Fortran on a Digital OpenVMS operating
system using RTR (Reliable Transaction Router)
CONCERT (Country-wide Network of Computerised
Enhanced Reservation & Ticketing) interconnects the
four regional computing systems (in New
Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai) into a national
PRS grid. . It allows a passenger anywhere to book
over 1.6 million seats
and berths daily.
validations and fare
FOIS : FREIGHT OPERATIONS INFORMATION
FOIS began as an application to track and monitor
the movement of wagons, locomotives and unit trains.
Now it is a complete management module for freight
trains handling the billing and revenue collections as
BENEFITS OF FOIS :
It gives a total transparent system with continuos cargo
It provides an up to date business enviroment to the
customers with instant access to information regarding
their consignments in transit for just in time inventory.
Savings in time and cost of
handling in yards
Improved customer service
OTHER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
RBCS : RAIL BUDGET
CMS : CREW MANAGEMENT
MMIS : MATERIAL MANAGEMENT
HRMS : HUMAN RESOURCE
TMS : TRACK MAAGEMENT
Indian Railways plans to fit GPS devices on each train and
which will track Google Maps for general usage. For each
train the cost of the GPS device would come to around Rs
70,000 to Rs 100,000 for each train. The tracking
instruments are expected to provide precision of 10
meters and delay of 2 minutes. These devices will be fitted
in nearly 100 trains.
The move is expected to help prevent accidents and avert
loss of lives. The Centre for Railway Information Systems
(CRIS), the technology arm of the Indian Railways, has
developed a GPS-based solution with help of Indian
Space Research Organization (ISRO), which can provide
exact location of a train with an accuracy of 10 metres,
and latency of 2 minutes, on a real-time basis.
ISRO’s INSAT-3C satellite will aid in location of moving
Every year about 400 gangmen are run over by
trains while working on the rail tracks.
To check these deaths, railways will use
Satellite Imaging for Rail Navigation (SIMRAN). This train
tracking technology has been developed by IIT-Kanpur and
Research Design and Standards Organisation (RDSO).
In March 2010, Indian Railways had announced a project
called Satellite Imaging for Rail Navigation (SIMRAN),
which aimed at providing real-time train tracking through
GPS and mobile (GSM) technologies.
GWS and ULCGWS are by products of simran
It stands for gangmen warning system
Every year about 400 gangmen are run
over by trains while working on the rail
GWS is a byproduct of SIMRAN which works on GSM
GWS would alert a gangman about an approaching train
from a distance of 2,000 metres. The gangman will have to
walk with a device which will warn him against the
Developed at a cost of Rs 30 lakh by IIT-KANPUR
It stands for Unmanned Level Crossing Gates
The accidents at unmanned level crossings are rampant in
railways. There have been several instances where
vehicles hit the boom barriers and disrupted movement of
SIMRAN tracks trains through GPS, GSM and/or RF tags.
The technology has been developed jointly by RDSO and
In this, a device would be installed at level crossings, both
manned and unmanned, to alert road-users about the
The signal would change colour when the train is 2,000
It stands for ANTI COLLISION DEVICE.
Train Collision prevention system
invented by Rajaram Bojji and patented
by Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd.
They take inputs from GPS satellite system for position
updates and network among themselves for exchanging
information using their data radio modems to take
decisions for timely auto-application of brakes to prevent
dangerous 'collisions', thus forming a 'Raksha Kavach'
(meaning a '(Train) Safety shield').
Indian Railways has used Information Technology
and GIS to improve the experience of passengers
and freight customers.
Increasingly, IT applications with the help of GIS are
being developed to address internal efficiency and
effectiveness. Indian Railways now finds itself in an
age in which rapid assimilation of IT in all walks of life
opens up greater opportunities.
GIS has increased the effectiveness of management
and safety in indian railways and will be of great use
in this sector.