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Hypertension and obesity in school
children: The role of physical
activity
By Sunil
• Globally, the prevalence of overweight and
obesity among children and adolescents
increased by 47.1% between 1980 and 20...
• Global Burden of Disease study 2013 reported
that 5.3% of males and 5.2% of females aged
under 20 years in India were ov...
INDIA
Earlier studies done in children and adolescents in
India have reported prevalence based on
international cut-off po...
• by the IOTF criteria private schools: 21.4%,
government schools: 3.6%,
• and by Khadilkar criteria (private school:
26.4...
• Reports from the China Health and Nutrition
Survey indicate a prevalence of 8.3% for pre-
hypertension and 13.8% for hyp...
• Obese adolescents have a 70%-80% chance of
developing adult obesity. (Whitaker.,et al)
• 50–75% of obese children and ad...
The prevalence of hypertension among
overweight/obese children and adolescents
was 20.4% compared to 5.2% among their
non-...
• In England, only 21% of boys and 16% of girls
meet minimum PA recommendations for their
health, a trend that remains in ...
• Physical inactivity: the biggest public health
problem of the 21st century (Steven N Blair.,
2009)
• There is a need of applying a reliable and valid
tool to assess the physical activity in children
and adolescents,
• The...
• Physical activity: Physical Activity
Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) and
Adolescents (PAQ-A) . (Kowalski., et a...
Refrences
• Blair SN. Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st
century. Br J Sports Med 2009;43:...
• Ng, M., Fleming, T., Robinson, M., Thomson, B., Graetz, N., Margono, C., ... &
Abraham, J. P. (2014). Global, regional, ...
Contact – 7678342798,
DELHI
INDIA
• Extended International (IOTF) Body Mass Index Cut-Offs for
Thinness, Overweight and Obesity in Children
• The revised in...
Hypertension and obesity in school children by sunil
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Hypertension and obesity in school children by sunil

  1. 1. Hypertension and obesity in school children: The role of physical activity By Sunil
  2. 2. • Globally, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents increased by 47.1% between 1980 and 2013. (Ng.,et 2014)
  3. 3. • Global Burden of Disease study 2013 reported that 5.3% of males and 5.2% of females aged under 20 years in India were overweight. (Ng.,et 2014)
  4. 4. INDIA Earlier studies done in children and adolescents in India have reported prevalence based on international cut-off points estimating the prevalence of overweight as 12.6% and obesity as 3.4%. A total of 18955 children and adolescents (1799 children and 2904 adolescents from 20 government schools, and 6226 children and 8026 adolescents from 31 private schools) participated in the study. (JAGADESAN, et al. 2014).
  5. 5. • by the IOTF criteria private schools: 21.4%, government schools: 3.6%, • and by Khadilkar criteria (private school: 26.4%, government Schools: 4.6%)
  6. 6. • Reports from the China Health and Nutrition Survey indicate a prevalence of 8.3% for pre- hypertension and 13.8% for hypertension among children aged 6– 17 years in China. (Xi., et al 2013)
  7. 7. • Obese adolescents have a 70%-80% chance of developing adult obesity. (Whitaker.,et al) • 50–75% of obese children and adolescents will become obese adults with associated higher rates of metabolic, vascular and musculoskeletal disease
  8. 8. The prevalence of hypertension among overweight/obese children and adolescents was 20.4% compared to 5.2% among their non-obese counterparts (JAGADESAN, et al.2014)
  9. 9. • In England, only 21% of boys and 16% of girls meet minimum PA recommendations for their health, a trend that remains in decline. • Half of the UK’s population of 11–25 year olds (4.5 million) are inactive
  10. 10. • Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century (Steven N Blair., 2009)
  11. 11. • There is a need of applying a reliable and valid tool to assess the physical activity in children and adolescents, • There is a need to correlate the physical activity level with different variables like obesity, hypertension to get the information regarding current health status and physical activity level in school children.
  12. 12. • Physical activity: Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) and Adolescents (PAQ-A) . (Kowalski., et al 2004)
  13. 13. Refrences • Blair SN. Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century. Br J Sports Med 2009;43:1–2. • Jagadesan, S., Harish, R., Miranda, P., Unnikrishnan, R., Anjana, R. M., & Mohan, V. (2014). Prevalence of overweight and obesity among school children and adolescents in Chennai. Indian pediatrics, 51(7), 544-549. • Khadilkar, V. V., Anuradha V. Khadilkar, A. B. Borade, and S. A. Chiplonkar. "Body mass index cut-offs for screening for childhood overweight and obesity in Indian children." Indian pediatrics 49, no. 1 (2012): 29-34. • Kowalski, K. C., Crocker, P. R., & Donen, R. M. (2004). The physical activity questionnaire for older children (PAQ-C) and adolescents (PAQ-A) manual. College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, 87(1), 1-38
  14. 14. • Ng, M., Fleming, T., Robinson, M., Thomson, B., Graetz, N., Margono, C., ... & Abraham, J. P. (2014). Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. The lancet, 384(9945), 766-781. • Ostrowska-Nawarycz, L., & Nawarycz, T. (2007). Original article Prevalence of excessive body weight and high blood pressure in children and adolescents in the city of Łódź. Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal), 65(9), 1079- 1087 • Whitaker, R. C., Wright, J. A., Pepe, M. S., Seidel, K. D., & Dietz, W. H. (1997). Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 337(13), 869-873 • Xi, B., Liang, Y., & Mi, J. (2013). Hypertension trends in Chinese children in the national surveys, 1993 to 2009. International journal of cardiology, 165(3), 577-579.
  15. 15. Contact – 7678342798, DELHI INDIA
  16. 16. • Extended International (IOTF) Body Mass Index Cut-Offs for Thinness, Overweight and Obesity in Children • The revised international child cut-offs are available corresponding to the following body mass index (BMI) cut- offs at 18 years: • • 16 thinness grade 3 • 17 thinness grade 2 • 18.5 thinness grade 1 • 23 overweight (unofficial Asian cut-off) • 25 overweight • 27 obesity (unofficial Asian cut-off) • 30 obesity • 35 morbid obesity
  • SherrySchroeder3

    Dec. 2, 2021
  • patrickjuma

    Jul. 30, 2021

Short study reports of evidence of hypertension in school going children in India

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