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BOOK REVIEW: IMAGE OF THE CITY
INTRODUCTION
•Image of the city is a book written by Kevin
Andrew Lynch a well known city p...
BOOK REVIEW:
IMAGE OF THE CITY
BY – ANOOP
ANCHAL
HARSHIT
HARDIK
KANIKA
SAUMYA
SAMRAT
4-A
INTRODUCTION
•Image of the city is a book written by Kevin Andrew Lynch a well
known city planner and designer, graduated ...
1.Paths : Paths are the channels along which
observers move (streets, transit lines, canals, etc.).
paths are the most imp...
3.Districts: are the medium to large parts of the
city which share the same characteristics Style - spatial form,
topograp...
CONCLUSION
•WITH THE HELP OF STUDY OF THE CITIES BOSTON, LOS ANGLES AND JERSEY CITY KEVIN
LYNCH HAS FORMULATED WHAT CITY F...
CONCLUSION
•WITH THE HELP OF STUDY OF THE CITIES BOSTON, LOS ANGLES AND JERSEY CITY KEVIN
LYNCH HAS FORMULATED WHAT CITY F...
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image of a city

  1. 1. BOOK REVIEW: IMAGE OF THE CITY INTRODUCTION •Image of the city is a book written by Kevin Andrew Lynch a well known city planner and designer, graduated from MIT ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology), and a professor there after. •Lynch describes a five year study in his famous book „Image of the City , that reveals‟ about, what elements in a built structure of a city are important in the perception of the city. Theory of Kelvin Lynch Using three disparate cities as examples (Boston, Jersey City, and Los Angeles), Lynch reported that users understood their surroundings in consistent and predictable ways, forming mental maps with five elements: •PATHS •EDGES •DISTRICT •NODE •LANDMARK In the same book Lynch also coined the words "imageability" and "wayfinding". Image of the City has had important and durable influence in the fields of urban planning and environmental psychology. 1.Paths : Paths are the channels along which observers move (streets, transit lines, canals, etc.). •paths are the most important elements in people’s images. •Other elements are arranged and along them. •Unclear paths = unclear city image Paths are the channels along which the observer moves. They may be streets, walkways, transit lines, canals, railroads. -Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City. 2. Edges : Edges are linear elements that form boundaries between areas or linear breaks in continuity (e.g. shores, railway cuts, walls). •The strongest edges are continuous in form, and often impenetrable to cross movement. •Types of edges – natural and manmade. •Difference between path and edge Paths Direct the motion to specific direction Edges * Prevent motion in specific direction Edges are the linear elements not used as paths by the observer. They are the boundaries and linear breaks in continuity: shores, railroad cuts, edges of development, walls. - Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City Five key physical elements of the city 3.Districts: are the medium to large parts of the city which share the same characteristics Style - spatial form, topography- colors- texture, urban fabric. Districts may have Clear edges, or soft uncertain ones gradually fading away into surrounding areas. •Districts are the medium-to-large sections of the city which the observer mentally enters "inside of," and which are recognizable as having some common, identifying character. - Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City 4.Nodes: Strategic points in the city that: • the user can enter it • be directed to many destinations • it can be gathering places or intersection of paths, or places for activities . Nodes are points, the strategic spots in a city into which an observer can enter, and which are the intensive foci to and from which he is traveling. They may be primarily junctions or concentrations. - Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City 5.Land marks : A physical element with UNIQUE AND SPECIAL visual features that has a "point-specific” location, and can be identified from the distance Landmarks are another type of point-reference, but in this case the observer does not enter within them, they are external. They are usually a rather simply defined physical object: building, sign, store, or mountain. - Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City CONCEPT OF IMAGEABILITY  Another term introduced by Lynch, is the quality of physical object, which gives a observer a strong vivid image.  Well formed city is highly dependent upon the elements because, that would make the viewers their city imageable.  City should be easily recognizable.  E.g: Well designed paths include special lighting, clarity of direction, etc.  Similarly with nodes, landmarks, districts, edges.  These elements placed in good form, increase human ability to see and remember patterns and it is these patterns which make easier to learn. INTRODUCTION •Image of the city is a book written by Kevin Andrew Lynch a well known city planner and designer, graduated from MIT ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology), and a professor there after. •Lynch describes a five year study in his famous book „Image of the City , that reveals‟ about, what elements in a built structure of a city are important in the perception of the city. INTRODUCTION •Image of the city is a book written by Kevin Andrew Lynch a well known city planner and designer, graduated from MIT ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology), and a professor there after. •Lynch describes a five year study in his famous book „Image of the City , that reveals‟ about, what elements in a built structure of a city are important in the perception of the city.
  2. 2. BOOK REVIEW: IMAGE OF THE CITY BY – ANOOP ANCHAL HARSHIT HARDIK KANIKA SAUMYA SAMRAT 4-A
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION •Image of the city is a book written by Kevin Andrew Lynch a well known city planner and designer, graduated from MIT ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology), and a professor there after. •Lynch describes a five year study in his famous book „Image of the City , that reveals about, what elements in a built structure of a‟ city are important in the perception of the city. Theory of Kelvin Lynch Using three disparate cities as examples (Boston, Jersey City, and Los Angeles), Lynch reported that users understood their surroundings in consistent and predictable ways, forming mental maps with five elements: •PATHS •EDGES •DISTRICT •NODE •LANDMARK In the same book Lynch also coined the words "imageability" and "wayfinding". Image of the City has had important and durable influence in the fields of urban planning and environmental psychology. BOOK REVIEW: IMAGE OF THE CITY CONCEPT OF IMAGEABILITY  Another term introduced by Lynch, is the quality of physical object, which gives a observer a strong vivid image.  Well formed city is highly dependent upon the elements because, that would make the viewers their city imageable.  City should be easily recognizable.  E.g: Well designed paths include special lighting, clarity of direction, etc.  Similarly with nodes, landmarks, districts, edges.  These elements placed in good form, increase human ability to see and remember patterns and it is these patterns which make easier to learn.
  4. 4. 1.Paths : Paths are the channels along which observers move (streets, transit lines, canals, etc.). paths are the most important elements in people’s images. Other elements are arranged and along them. Unclear paths = unclear city image Paths are the channels along which the observer moves. They may be streets, walkways, transit lines, canals, railroads. -Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City. 2. Edges : Edges are linear elements that form boundaries between areas or linear breaks in continuity (e.g. shores, railway cuts, walls). The strongest edges are continuous in form, and often impenetrable to cross movement. Types of edges – natural and manmade. Difference between path and edge Paths Direct the motion to specific direction Edges * Prevent motion in specific direction Edges are the linear elements not used as paths by the observer. They are the boundaries and linear breaks in continuity: shores, railroad cuts, edges of development, walls. - Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City Paths Edges Five key physical elements of the city
  5. 5. 3.Districts: are the medium to large parts of the city which share the same characteristics Style - spatial form, topography- colors- texture, urban fabric. •Districts may have Clear edges, or soft uncertain ones gradually fading away into surrounding areas. Districts are the medium-to-large sections of the city which the observer mentally enters "inside of," and which are recognizable as having some common, identifying character. - Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City 4.Nodes: Strategic points in the city that: • the user can enter it • be directed to many destinations • it can be gathering places or intersection of paths, or places for activities . Nodes are points, the strategic spots in a city into which an observer can enter, and which are the intensive foci to and from which he is traveling. They may be primarily junctions or concentrations. - Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City 5.Land marks : A physical element with UNIQUE AND SPECIAL visual features that has a "point-specific” location, and can be identified from the distance Landmarks are another type of point-reference, but in this case the observer does not enter within them, they are external. They are usually a rather simply defined physical object: building, sign, store, or mountain. - Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City Districts Nodes Land marks
  6. 6. CONCLUSION •WITH THE HELP OF STUDY OF THE CITIES BOSTON, LOS ANGLES AND JERSEY CITY KEVIN LYNCH HAS FORMULATED WHAT CITY FORM ACTUALLY MEANS TO THE PEOPLE LIVING IN THE CITY. HE FORMULATED THE CRITERION ON IMAGIBILITY THAT CAN HELP A PLANNER TO MAKE THE CITY MEMORABLE AND MAKE ITS IMAGE CLEAR TO THE PEOPLE LIVING IN THE CITY. IMAGE OF THE CITY CAN ACT AS A GUIDE TO A PLANNER FOR BUILDING AND REBUILDING OF CITIES. GIVING THE PLANNER AND ARCHITECTS METHODS TO EVALUATE A CITY FORM AND IMAGE Jersey city Boston Los Angeles
  7. 7. CONCLUSION •WITH THE HELP OF STUDY OF THE CITIES BOSTON, LOS ANGLES AND JERSEY CITY KEVIN LYNCH HAS FORMULATED WHAT CITY FORM ACTUALLY MEANS TO THE PEOPLE LIVING IN THE CITY. HE FORMULATED THE CRITERION ON IMAGIBILITY THAT CAN HELP A PLANNER TO MAKE THE CITY MEMORABLE AND MAKE ITS IMAGE CLEAR TO THE PEOPLE LIVING IN THE CITY. IMAGE OF THE CITY CAN ACT AS A GUIDE TO A PLANNER FOR BUILDING AND REBUILDING OF CITIES. GIVING THE PLANNER AND ARCHITECTS METHODS TO EVALUATE A CITY FORM AND IMAGE Jersey city Boston Los Angeles

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