What is online education?
– Computer-based training, Web-based training, Internet based training, online
training, e-learning (electronic learning), m-learning (mobile learning), computer-
aided distance education - online education goes by many names and comes in a
variety of styles, but at its core:
“Online education is electronically supported learning that relies on the Internet
for teacher/student interaction and the distribution of class materials.”
– Online education is a form of education where students use their home computers
through the internet.
– For many nontraditional students, among them all those who want to continue
working full time or raising families, online graduations and courses have become
popular in the past decade. Often online graduation and course programmes, some
of which are conducted using digital technologies, are provided via the online
Types of Distance learning
– several types of Distance learning available today, including:
• Correspondence Courses: conducted through regular mail with little
• Telecourses: where content is delivered via radio or television broadcast.
• CD-ROM Courses: where the student interacts with static computer content.
• Online Learning: Internet-based courses offered synchronously and/or
• Mobile Learning: by means of devices such as cellular phones, PDAs and
digital audio players (iPods, MP3 players)
Rise in online education during Covid-19
– The COVID-19 pandemic has changed education forever.
• The COVID-19 has resulted in schools shut all across the world.
Globally, over 1.2 billion children are out of the classroom.
• While countries are at different points in their COVID-19 infection rates,
worldwide there are currently more than 1.2 billion children in 186
countries affected by school closures due to the pandemic.
• As a result, education has changed dramatically, with the distinctive rise
of e-learning, whereby teaching is undertaken remotely and on digital
• Research suggests that online learning has been shown to increase
retention of information, and take less time, meaning the changes
coronavirus have caused might be here to stay.
Online Education Programs
• 100% Online Education - Fully-online degrees are earned from
the comfort of your own home with no required visits to your
college or university campus.
• Hybrid Education - Hybrid education allows students to pursue a
combination of online and on-campus courses.
• Online Courses - While online courses may be part of a degree
program, they can also be taken on their own in order to master a
certain subject or learn a specific skill.
• MOOCs - MOOCs, or massive open online courses, are usually
delivered in lecture form to online "classrooms" with as many as
Rationale for considering online education
– RATIONALE FOR CONSIDERING ONLINE EDUCATION
– Online education has become a viable and exciting method for
instructional delivery in the global business society that runs on a 24/7
schedule (24 hours a day/7 days a week) because it provides students
with great flexibility.
– With the increased availability of the Internet and computer technology,
students are able to access information anytime and anyplace that would
normally be available only through a traditional classroom.
– Studies have shown that students learn just as effectively in an online
classroom as they do in the traditional classroom.
Positive effects of learning online
– Online education offers many positive benefits since students:
• have flexibility in taking classes and working at their own pace and time
• face no commuting or parking hassles
• learn to become responsible for their own education with information
available at their fingertips
• find the submission of assignments easy and convenient
• are more apt to voice their own opinions and share and debate issues
with other students, as well as learn from other students during the group
Negative effects of learning online
• May miss the face-to-face interaction with the instructor and
• may prefer to attend traditional classes with an instructor
who teaches and guides them through the course
• find access to the necessary technology challenging and the
availability of technical support limited.
• In addition, some administrators and instructors who do not
understand the workload may display a negative attitude
toward online education.
Future of online education
– Online teaching is here to stay. Many students prefer the online classroom
since it offers flexibility in their busy schedules. With the proliferation of
information and knowledge, students must become lifelong learners in today's
world, and online education plays an important role in helping individuals
access the learner-centered and self-directed instruction.
– With enhanced software, hardware, and Internet access, more options for
online education will become available. With student enrollments increasing
faster than classrooms can be built, students becoming more proficient with
technology, and students pursuing an education that meets their needs, the
future of online education will continue to grow.
– Online degree programs will become more widely accepted as they become a
more common practice.
Enrollment in Online Courses and Programs
by Year (Undergraduate and Graduate)
2014 2015 2016 2017
Total student enrolment 20,537,907 20,721,427 20,618,799 20,529,088 20,414,705
Students enrolled exclusive
or partially in online courses
5,283,496 5,728,970 6,004,884 6,376,091 6,725,139
Percent of students enrolled
exclusively or partially in
25.73% 27.65% 29.12% 31.06% 32.94%
Challenges of online education
– One of the most important and direct contrast with traditional education, is having no set times for
classes and no assign physical place to go. This means that if the student is not well discipline and
can managed time in a reasonable manner, he or she might not be able to cope with the work.
– Another challenge posed by online learning is the comparability of the materials they’ll use, text
books, and others, etc.
– The instructor has to make sure that the materials being used in the online course equals in quality
the traditional one and that it has been well adapted to the online course. (Li & Irby 2008). Lastly,
probably the biggest challenge posed by online learning could be technology, at this might affect
older adults even more.
– The problem may arise when the students’ technological capabilities or training might not be
enough to do what’s expected. (Li & Irby 2008).
– Or in the other hand, if the student’s equipment does not meet the technological requirements need
it; it will not be able to work efficiently.