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Drug Awareness

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Drug Awareness

  2. 2. CALL TO WORSHIP SDAH 824 Your body, you know, is the temple of the holy Spirit, who is in you since you received him from God. You are not your own property; you have been bought and paid for. This why you should use your body for the glory of God.
  4. 4. Fill My Cup, Lord – SDAH 493 Like a woman at the well I was seeking For things that could not satisfy And then I heard my Saviour speaking “Draw from my well that never shall run dry” Fill my cup Lord, I lift it up Lord Come and quench this thirsting of my soul Bread of heaven feed me till I want no more Fill my cup, fill it up and make me whole
  5. 5. There are millions in this world who are craving The pleasure earthly things afford But none can match the wondrous treasure That I find in Jesus Christ, my Lord Fill my cup Lord, I lift it up Lord Come and quench this thirsting of my soul Bread of heaven feed me till I want no more Fill my cup, fill it up and make me whole
  6. 6. So my children if the things this world gave you Leave hungers that won’t pass away My blessed Lord will come and save you If you kneel to Him and humbly pray Fill my cup Lord, I lift it up Lord Come and quench this thirsting of my soul Bread of heaven feed me till I want no more Fill my cup, fill it up and make me whole.
  8. 8. Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? 1 Cor 6:19
  10. 10. What a Friend We Have in Jesus – 499 What a friend we have in Jesus, all our sins and griefs to bear! What a privilege to carry everything to God in prayer! O what peace we often forfeit, O what needless pain we bear, all because we do not carry everything to God in prayer
  11. 11. Have we trials and temptations? Is there trouble anywhere? We should never be discouraged; take it to the Lord in prayer. Can we find a friend so faithful who will all our sorrows share? Jesus knows our every weakness; take it to the Lord in prayer
  12. 12. Are we weak and heavy laden, cumbered with a load of care? Precious Saviour, still our refuge; take it to the Lord in prayer. Do thy friends despise, forsake Thee? Take it to the Lord in prayer! In His arms He'll take and shield Thee; Thou wilt find a solace there.
  14. 14. DRUG AWARENESS Drug Education is the planned provision of information, resources, and skills relevant to living in a world where psychoactive substances are widely available and commonly used for a variety of both medical and non-medical purposes, some of which may lead to harms such as overdose, injury, infectious disease (such as HIV or hepatitis C), or addiction.
  15. 15. WHAT IS A DRUG? A drug is a chemical that changes the way a person's body works. In pharmacology, a drug is "a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being.
  16. 16. TYPES/CLASSES OF DRUGS Alcohol Tobacco Marijuana Ecstasy Inhalants Cough Medicine Methamphetamines Amphetamine Prescription Drugs Rohypnol
  17. 17. DRUG ABUSE Drug abuse, also called substance abuse or chemical abuse, is a disorder that is characterized by a destructive pattern of using a substance that leads to significant problems or distress. Drug abuse may be defined as the “arbitrary” over dependence or miss-use of one particular drug with or without a prior medical diagnosis from qualified health practitioners. (Lakhanpal, & Agnihotri, 2007). (Oluremi, 2012),
  18. 18. LICIT DRUGS Licit drugs are also known as legal drugs. Licit drug usually means that a drug is used legally. “Legally use of drugs includes: a. Medicines used for illness b. Over-the-counter drugs used as directed”
  19. 19. ILLICIT DRUGS Illicit drugs are also known as illegal drugs. Illicit drug use occurs when drugs are used in an illegal manner. (e.g., heroin). “ Illicit drug use includes: Using a drug for an improper purpose (sleeping pills to get high or pain pills for relaxation). Using a product or substance not intended to be a drug in a way which produces a drug-like state (glues, petrol) “
  20. 20. DRUG ADDICTION Drug addiction is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences to the drug addict and those around them. Drug addiction is a brain disease because the abuse of drugs leads to changes in the structure and function of the brain.
  21. 21. TYPES OF DRUG ABUSE/ADDICTION In Nigeria, the most common types of abused drugs according to NAFDAC (2000) as cited by Haladu (2003) are categorized as follows: Stimulants: These are substances that directly act and stimulate the central nervous system. The major source of these comes from caffeine substance Hallucinogens: These are drugs that alter the sensory processing unit in the brain. Thus, producing distorted perception, feeling of anxiety and euphoria, sadness and inner joy, they normally come from marijuana, LSD etc.
  22. 22. Narcotics: These drugs relive pains, induce sleeping and they are addictive. They are found in heroin, codeine, opium etc. Sedatives: These drugs are among the most widely used and abused. This is largely due to the belief that they relieve stress and anxiety, and some of them induce sleep, ease tension, cause relaxation or help users to forget their problems. They are sourced from valium, alcohol, promotazine, chloroform.
  23. 23. Tranquilizers: They are believed to produce calmness without bringing drowsiness, they are chiefly derived from Librium, Valium etc. Miscellaneous: This is a group of volatile solvents or inhalants that provide euphoria, emotional disinhibition and perpetual distortion of thought to the user. The main sources are glues, spot removers, tube repair, perfumes, chemicals etc.
  24. 24. ADMINISTERING DRUGS Many drugs can be administered in a variety of ways rather than just one: Bolus is the administration of a medication, drug or other compound that is given to raise its concentration in blood to an effective level. The administration can be given intravenously, by intramuscular, intrathecal or subcutaneous injection. Inhaled (breathed into the lungs), as an aerosol or dry powder.
  25. 25. Injected as a solution, suspension or emulsion either: intramuscular, intravenous, intraperitoneal, intraosseous. Insufflation, or snorted into the nose. Orally, as a liquid or solid, that is absorbed through the intestines. Rectally as a suppository, that is absorbed by the rectum or colon.
  26. 26. Sublingually, diffusing into the blood through tissues under the tongue. Topically, usually as a cream or ointment. A drug administered in this manner may be given to act locally or systemically. Vaginally as a suppository, primarily to treat vaginal infections.
  27. 27. HOW DO DRUGS WORK? Drugs are essentially poisons. The amount taken determines the effect. A small amount acts as a stimulant (speeds you up). A greater amount acts as a sedative (slows you down). An even larger amount poisons and can kill.
  28. 28. STATISTICS OF DRUG ABUSE About 200 million people worldwide use illegal drugs each year, according to a new report. Most are cannabis users (125 to 203 million), followed by amphetamine users (14 to 56 million), cocaine users (14 to 21 million) and opioid users (12 to 21 million).
  29. 29. Every day in the US, 2,500 youth (12 to 17) abuse a prescription pain reliever for the first time. In the US alone, more than 15 million people abuse prescription drugs. In 2006 in the United States, 2.6 million people abused prescription drugs for the first time.
  30. 30. Nigeria tops use of illicit drugs in Africa, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) World Report 2011 has said. Kano has the country's highest drug abuse rate based on the number of seizures, arrests of addicts and convictions of arrested dealers, according to the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA).
  31. 31. MORTALITY RATE Illegal drug use causes about a quarter of a million deaths per year, according to the report, and use is highest in developed countries.  Data from the World Health Organization suggests there were 250,000 deaths worldwide due to illicit drug use in 2004, compared with 2.25 million due to alcohol, and 5.1 million due to tobacco.
  32. 32. The increase of drug use and threat of HIV/AIDS amongst young people globally are a cause for concern. Young people between 10-24 years are estimated to account for up to 60% of all new HIV infection worldwide (Fadayomi & Poukouta, 1999).
  33. 33. WHY DO PEOPLE TAKE DRUGS? Here are some of the reasons young people have given for taking drugs: Curiosity and Desire to find out the Effectiveness of a particular drug: Curiosity to experiment the unknown facts about drugs thus motivates youth’s into drug use. Peer group Influence: Peer group pressure plays a major role in influencing many youth’s into drug usage.
  34. 34. Environment: Many young people live in communities which suffer from multiple deprivations, with high unemployment, low quality housing and where the surrounding infra-structure of local services is splintered and poorly resourced. Promotion and Availability: Alcohol and pain-relieving drugs are regularly advertised on television: Enjoyment. Lack of Parental Supervision:
  35. 35. Pathological family background – broken homes, illegitimate relationships, alcoholic parents or parent’s involvement in antisocial and illegal activities. Ignorance of the dangers of illegal drug use. The Need for Energy to Work for Long Hours: Availability of the Drugs: In many countries, drugs have dropped in prices as supplies have increased.
  36. 36. They think drugs are a solution. But eventually, the drugs become the problem. The consequences of drug use are always worse than the problem one is trying to solve with them. The real answer is to get the facts and not to take drugs in the first place.
  37. 37. One of the major concerns is that children seem to be targeted as the new market for the drug industry globally. In economic terms, both licit and illicit drugs are viewed as consumer goods that are traded in a competitive global market. Illegal drugs account for at least $400 billion of world trade marking it larger than the global iron and steel industries (James, 1999).
  40. 40. PHYSICAL SIGNS Inability to sleep, awake at unusual times, unusual laziness. Loss of or increased in appetite, changes in eating habits Cold, sweaty palms; shaking hands. Red, watery eyes; pupils larger or smaller than usual Tremors or shakes of hands, feet or head. Needle marks on lower arm, leg or bottom of feet. Deterioration of hygiene or physical health
  41. 41. BEHAVIORAL SIGNS • Drop in grades at school or performance at work; skips school or is late for school. • Chronic dishonesty. • Sudden oversensitivity, temper tantrums, or resentful behavior. • Difficulty in paying attention; forgetfulness. General lack of motivation, energy, self-esteem, “I don’t care” attitude. • Change in habits at home; loss of interest in family and family activities. • Secretive or suspicious behaviuor.
  43. 43. Marijuana: Red eyes; loud talking and inappropriate laughter followed by sleepiness; loss of interest, motivation; weight gain or loss. Alcohol: Difficulty walking; slurred speech; sleepiness; poor judgment; dilated pupils. Cocaine, and Other Stimulants: Hyperactivity; euphoria; irritability; anxiety; excessive talking excessive sleeping at odd times; go long periods of time without eating or sleeping; dilated pupils; weight loss; dry mouth and nose.
  44. 44. Inhalants (Glues, aerosols & vapors): Watery eyes; impaired vision, memory and thought; headaches and nausea; appearance of intoxication; drowsiness; poor muscle control; anxiety; irritability. Hallucinogens: Dilated pupils; bizarre and irrational behavior including paranoia, aggression, hallucinations; mood swings; detachment from people, slurred speech; confusion.
  45. 45. CONSEQUENCES The various consequences of drug addiction or drug abuse are so devastating and very shameful to the extent that both the nation and international organizations all over the world are also worried about the spread of this scourge among the youths and adolescents and some of these consequences includes:
  46. 46. Mental disorder Drop out from school Cultism Social violence Internet frauds Gang formation Armed robbery 419 syndrome
  47. 47. Social miscreants (area boys and girls) Lawlessness among youths Lack of respect for elders Rape Instant death and wasting of precious and innocent lives and many more and loss of senses.
  48. 48. THE EFFECTS OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE 1. Alcohol-related problems includes: Physical problems e. g. liver cirrhosis, pancreatic, peptic ulcer, tuberculosis, hypertension, neurological disorder. Mental retardation for the fetus in the womb, growth, deficiency, delayed motor development. Socially-broken homes, increased crime rate, sexual offences, homicide and sexually transmitted diseases.
  49. 49. 2. Tobacco: Causes stimulation of heart and narrowing of blood vessels, producing hypertension, headache, loss of appetite, nausea and delayed growth of the fetus. It also aggravates or causes sinusitis, bronchitis, cancer, strokes, and heart attack Nicotine is the stimulating chemical in tobacco that makes it addictive. However, there are also more than 4,000 other chemicals in tobacco that are also poisonous!
  50. 50. 3. Stimulants: Lethargy, irritability, exaggerated self confidence, damage nose linings, sleeplessness, and psychiatric complications
  51. 51. 4. Inhalants: Causes anemia, damage kidney and stomach bleeding. 5. Narcotics: Causes poor perception, constipation, cough, suppression, vomiting, drowsiness and sleep, unconsciousness and death.
  53. 53. TREATMENT 1. Medications Medications for substance abuse help the brain adjust to the absence of the abused substance. These medications act slowly to quiet drug cravings and mental agitation. 2. Behavioral Treatments Behavioral treatments help patients engage in the treatment process, modify their attitudes and behaviors related to drug abuse, and increase healthy life skills.
  54. 54. 3. Treatment Within the Criminal Justice System Treatment in a criminal justice setting can succeed in preventing an offender's return to criminal behavior, particularly when treatment continues as the person transitions back into the community. Studies show that treatment does not need to be voluntary to be effective.
  55. 55. HOW TO CURB THE MENACE We are aware that government on its own has tried in Nigeria to curtail, eradicate or discourage the use, sale, trafficking and recycling of illegal drugs by promulgating various decrees against such drug use. There is the popular Anti-narcotic Decree under which the NDLEA was set up.
  56. 56. RECOMMENDATIONS Parents should sincerely re-orient their children on the dangers of drug abuse on their health and others, since charity, they say begins at home. National Drug Law Enforcement Agency must also intensify their anti drug campaigns in order to have a drug free society with a special focus on the youth’s and adolescents.
  57. 57. The Ministry of Education (Federal and State) must add to their curricular a Drug-Education for both the primary and post primary schools, along with lectures, seminars, rallies, and film shows for the youths and adolescents on the adverse effects of drug abuse. All the three tiers of Government in Nigeria, the NGOS and concerned individuals must make concerted efforts in curbing the spread of the scourge of drug abuse among our youths and adolescents through awareness campaign programs.
  58. 58. CONCLUSION The abuse of drugs and other substances constitutes one of the most important risk behaviour among our youths and adolescents in Nigeria. All Nigerians have accepted that drug abuse is undesirable feature of our culture, and it is also important to emphasize the fact that majority of our youths and adolescents come from different backgrounds and that the drug use and addiction is not restricted to any one social class.
  60. 60. WHAT IS A TEMPLE? A Temple (from the Latin word templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual activities, such as prayer and sacrifice, or analogous rites. shrine, church, sanctuary, holy place, place of worship, house of God.
  62. 62. OF ALL THE DRUGS… The most commonly and easily abused (drug) in Nigeria is alcohol…
  63. 63. WHAT DOES THE BIBLE SAY ABOUT ALCOHOL? Now therefore beware, I pray thee, and drink not wine nor strong drink, and eat not any unclean thing. Judges 13:4
  64. 64. Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations. Lev 10:9
  65. 65. Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. Prov. 20:1
  66. 66. He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich. Proverbs 21:17
  67. 67. Be not among winebibbers among riotous eaters of flesh: For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags. Prov. 23:20, 21
  68. 68. Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright. At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder. Prov. 23:31,32
  69. 69. Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them! Isaiah 5:11
  70. 70. Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink. Isaiah 5:22
  71. 71. Be stunned and amazed, blind yourselves and be sightless; be drunk but not with wine, stagger but not from beer. Isaiah 29:9
  72. 72. Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to him, and makest him drunken also, that thou mayest look on their nakedness! Hab. 2:15
  73. 73. And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares. Luke 21:34
  74. 74. I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. Rom 12:1
  75. 75. And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. Rom. 12:2
  76. 76. Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? 1 Cor. 3:16
  77. 77. If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are. 1 Cor. 3:17
  78. 78. …nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 1 Cor. 6:10
  79. 79. …for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 2 Cor. 6:16
  80. 80. Therefore do not be foolish, but understand what the Lord’s will is. Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit. Eph 5:17, 18 NIV
  81. 81. And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. Gen 9:20,21
  82. 82. And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. Gen 19:33
  83. 83. All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any. Rom 6:12
  84. 84. Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil. Eccl. 12:13,14
  85. 85. Remember, your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit. You were bought at a price. Therefore honour God with your body.
  87. 87. Nothing Between - 322 Nothing between my soul and the Saviour Naught of this world’s delusive dream I have renounced all sinful pleasure Jesus is mine, there’s nothing between Nothing between my soul and the Saviour So that His blessed face may be seen Nothing preventing the least of His favour Keep the way clear, let nothing between
  88. 88. Nothing between like worldly pleasure Habits of life, though harmless they seem Must not my heart from Him ever sever He is my all, there’s nothing between Nothing between my soul and the Saviour So that His blessed face may be seen Nothing preventing the least of His favour Keep the way clear, let nothing between
  89. 89. Nothing between e’en many hard trials Though the whole world against me convene Watching with prayer and much self denial Triumph at last, with nothing between Nothing between my soul and the Saviour So that His blessed face may be seen Nothing preventing the least of His favour Keep the way clear, let nothing between.