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Uct 5G Autonomous Cars

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Uct 5G Autonomous Cars

  2. 2. About Myself • IIT KanpurAlumnus • 19+ year Industry experience • Presently working as Director at UniConvergeTechnologies Pvt. Ltd. (UCT) • Chief Mentor ofThe IoT Academy “Skill development andTrainings” • Worked with many MNCs • Ericsson AB, Sweden (for 7 years) • STMicroelectronics Pvt. Ltd, Noida • UbiNetics India Pvt Ltd, Bangalore • SASKENCommunicationTech., Bangalore
  3. 3. What to discuss today? • Evolution from 1G to 5G • Driving/Motivational factors • Key concepts of 5G • 5GApplications • 5GArchitecture • Present status of 5G worldwide and in India • Conclusion • Q&A 3
  4. 4. Evolution from 1G to 5G
  5. 5. Evolution Towards 2020
  6. 6. Evolution Towards 2020
  7. 7. 4G vs 5G Exa =>1018
  8. 8. 4G vs 5G
  9. 9. Driving/ Motivational factors
  10. 10. User Requirements
  11. 11. The Economic and Political needs for 5G • OECD (Committee on Digital Economic Policy) has stated clear objectives for 5G: • IncreasingGDP • Creating employment • Digitizing the economy • EuropeanCommission (Digital Single Market) also sets clear objectives for 5G: • Digital Transformation of Industry • Maximising economic growth • Note:These aims will only be achievable if 5G is designed such that it meets the requirements of all industry sectors
  12. 12. The Technical Needs for 5G • Existing 3GPP technologies are capable of meeting todays needs, but: • First LTE networks were deployed 8 years ago • Data consumption continues to grow as consumers make more use of mobile broadband services • The “Internet ofThings” will result in billions of connected devices • New (and unforeseen) users of 3GPP technologies continue to emerge (e.g., public safety and automotive) • There is a constant demand to improve spectrum and energy efficiency and to leverage the benefits of modern research • It takes several years to design and build a next generation system (and even longer to obtain spectrum) Key takeaways There are economic, political and technicalneeds for 5G Existing technologiesare capable of satisfying today’srequirementsbut not those of tomorrow It takes a long time to design and builda next generationsystem
  13. 13. Much more that just people… Transport Healthcare Utilities Agriculture Aviation Education Entertainment Factory automation etc Key takeaways 5G: • is not really about connecting people, but more about connecting things • has widely varying use cases • has widely varying performance requirements No single technology will satisfy all of these requirements These requirementswill not all be met at the same point in time
  14. 14. The three high level 5G use case families • Enhanced Mobile Broadband • Massive MachineType Communications • Ultra Reliable and Low Latency Communications Source: ITU-R Enhanced Mobile Broadband Massive Machine Type Communications Ultra-reliable and Low Latency Communications 3D video,UHD screens SmartCity Industryautomation Gigabytes in a second Self Driving Car Augmentedreality SmartHome/Building Work and play in the cloud Voice Missioncritical application, e.g. E-health Future IMT
  15. 15. Future Mobile Network Service Dimensions
  16. 16. Demand 2020
  17. 17. Building 5G
  18. 18. What 5G will provide: Flexibility and Robustness
  19. 19. Flexibility and Robustness
  20. 20. Technologies shaping the industry
  21. 21. The operator 5G industry digitalization opportunity by 2026 The operator 5G industry digitalization opportunity by 2026
  22. 22. Performance Requirements To meet these requirements, 3GPP will specify: • a new radio interface (NR) • an evolved LTE radio interface • a new core network (NextGen) • An evolved LTE core network (EPC) Use Case order of priority: First: Enhanced Mobile Broadband and some Ultra Reliable/Low Latency functionality Later: Massive Machine Type communicationsand more comprehensive Ultra Reliable/Low Latency functionality
  23. 23. 5G Architecture
  24. 24. 2G Architecture
  25. 25. 2G Architecture
  26. 26. 2G/3G NW Architecture
  27. 27. 4G EPC Architecture
  28. 28. nG Architecture
  29. 29. 4G to 5G Migration
  30. 30. 5G Applications
  31. 31. Industry Pilots & engagement The operator 5G industry digitalization opportunity by 2026
  32. 32. Use case evolution The operator 5G industry digitalization opportunity by 2026
  33. 33. Autonomous Cars
  34. 34. Vehicle Autonomy evolution
  35. 35. Autonomous Cars
  36. 36. Autonomous Cars
  37. 37. Autonomous Cars
  38. 38. Roadmap: Software Defined Cars
  39. 39. Roadmap: Software Defined Cars
  40. 40. 5G Architecture : Autonomous cars
  41. 41. Network Interfaces: Redundant Mode PC5 and Uu
  42. 42. Cell extension through direct V2X communications
  43. 43. 5G Key Concepts
  44. 44. Key Concepts • MM Wave • Flexible Physical Layer Design • Massive Machine Type Communications/ NB-IoT • LTE Low-cost (Category 0)UE: In Release 12 • MTC LTE(LTE-M)(Category-1)UE:in Release 13 • Narrow Band LTE (NB-LTE):Category - 2 • Distributed Massive MIMO • NFV: Network Function Virtualization/ SDN • Beam-forming • Small cell / 5G Ultra dense networks • 5G Mobile Edge computing & Fog computing • CoMP (Coordinated multi-point connectivity ) – improvement near cell edge to allow simultaneous connection to two or more base stations • V2X /Autonomous Car 45
  45. 45. 5G Deployment
  46. 46. When will 5G be ready? • 2020 is the headline date for 5G • This date has been chosen more for political rather than technical reasons • It is also happens to coincide with the Olympic Games in Japan,July 2020 • However, there is a push to bring the date forward because of: • MobileOperator rush “to be the first” • Winter OlympicGamesheldin Korea, February 2018 showcased5G • RugbyWorldCup to be held in Japan, September 2019 • 5G OpenTrial Specification Alliance formed by SKTelecom, KT, NTT DoCoMo and Verizon: • To speed up deployment&To meet the early deployment objective
  47. 47. 5G Development & Deployment Timeline
  48. 48. 5G Development & Deployment Timeline
  49. 49. Present status of 5G worldwide and in India
  50. 50. Country wise status
  51. 51. All Industries are participating 5G Development • 3GPP Members now include, for example: • Agricultural machinery manufacturers (e.g., John Deere, Husqvana, etc) • Automotive manufactures (e.g, Volkswagen, Volvo, Toyota) • Rail (e.g. Internationale Union of Railways) • Factory Automation companies (e.g., Siemens) • Energy Sector (e.g., Legrand) • Environment (e.g., Veolia) • Broadcasting Community (e.g., EBU, BBC, TDF) • Satellite Community (e.g., ESO, Inmarsat) • Aerospace (e.g., Lockheed Martin, BAE) • Retail Sector (e.g., Alibaba) • Social Media (e.g., Facebook) • Advertising (e.g., Google) Full listing available here: http://www.3gpp.org/about-3gpp/membership
  52. 52. Countries participation in International Standard? • Participationin 3GPP, 569member companies in 43 countries from: • Africa • Asia (especially China, India, Japan and Korea) • Australia • Greater Europe • North America
  53. 53. Countries participation in International Standard? • Participationin 3GPP, 569 member companies in 43 countries from: • Africa • Asia (especially China, India, Japan and Korea) • Australia • Greater Europe • North America
  54. 54. Barriers to success - Conclusion • For 5G to be successful,the telco industry must engage with other industry sectors such as transport, healthcare, mining and exploration, utilities, agriculture, aviation (drones), entertainment, factory automation, etc. • We cannot expect them to come to us, we must be prepared to go to them and to meet them on level terms • Various political,strategicand tacticalchallengesthat can hold backdeploymentof 5G networks. • Spectrum issuesWe have seen above how the use of higherfrequenciesis a major part of 5G development. However, those frequencies – as with allradio spectrum – constitute a valuable resource over which differentcompetinginterests have a claim.The wireless telecomsservices communityneeds to make a compellingcasefor accessto those frequenciesinthe face of competitionfrom existingusers. • BusinessCase: Defining5G is a particularlydifficultchallengeasit is not yet clear whether an air- interface-based,technologydefinitionora service-orienteddefinitionmakesmost sense • Within each Government, 5G must be coordinated across all ministries (e.g., transport, health, industry etc) and not justwithin a communications or ICT ministry • Optical Fiber backhaul • Small cell deployment challenges
  55. 55. UCT 4G-5G Setup
  56. 56. Product description • The following are the components: • Software Defined Radio based RF • Intel based high performance platform (eNode or base-station). • Laptop based EPC which implements the core LTE network connecting to the internet. • LCD based screen for display. • Huawei dongle used to connect to our LTE network.
  57. 57. LTE 4G SETUP
  58. 58. UCT LTE 4G SETUP
  59. 59. LTE 4G BASESTATION screenshot
  60. 60. THANKS UniConverge Technologies Pvt. Ltd. (www.uniconvergetech.in) & The IoT Academy (www.theiotacademy.co) C56/11, Sector-62, Noida