Lesson 3- spanish expeditions

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the major expeditions sent by the monarchy to the East Indies

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Lesson 3- spanish expeditions

  1. 1. Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />
  2. 2. Magellan’s Expedition<br />Headed by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese<br />Landed on Homonhon Island on 16 March 1521<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  3. 3. Objectives<br />Political ambition of the monarchy<br />Desire for greater profit<br />Look for spices<br />Find a new trade route to the East<br />Discover and convert heathen lands to Christianity<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  4. 4. Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />Magellan & El Cano’s Route<br />
  5. 5. Significance<br />The East could be reached by sailing westward from Europe<br />The first to navigate the strait in South America connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific ocean<br />The first circumnavigation of the world<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  6. 6. Significance<br />Saw animals: guanaco, llma, alpaca, penguin<br />The full extent of the Earth was realized<br /> The need for International Date Line was established<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  7. 7. Notes<br />Humabon wanted Magellan to kill Lapu-Lapu while Magellan wanted to convert Lapu-Lapu into Christianity.<br />On April 27, 1521, a battle with Lapu-lapu ensued and Magellan was hit by a bamboo spear <br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  8. 8. Notes<br />The Spaniards offered the natives merchandise in exchange for Magellan's body, but they were declined and so his body was never recovered.<br />On September 6, 1522, Elcano and the remaining crew of Magellan's voyage arrived in Spain aboard the last ship in the fleet, Victoria<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  9. 9. Notes<br />The Spaniards offered the natives merchandise in exchange for Magellan's body, but they were declined and so his body was never recovered.<br />On September 6, 1522, Elcano and the remaining crew of Magellan's voyage arrived in Spain aboard the last ship in the fleet, Victoria<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  10. 10. Loaisa’s Expedition<br />Headed by GarcíaJofre de Loaísa with Juan SebastiánElcano<br />Sailed off on July 24, 1525 <br />A hurricane separated the ships in 1526<br />Loaísa died on July 30, 1526, Elcano died a few days later<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  11. 11. Significance<br />The second circumnavigation of the world.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  12. 12. Saavedra’s Expedition<br />Headed by Álvaro de SaavedraCerón<br />Sailed off on October 31, 1527<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  13. 13. New Spain, New Guinea, Moluccas <br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />Saavedra’s Route<br />
  14. 14. Significance<br />discovered the Marshall Islands and Admiralty Islands in New Guinea.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  15. 15. Villalobos’ Expedition<br />Headed by RuyLópez de Villalobos<br />Sailed off to Islas del Poniente– Islands of the West – (the Philippines) on November 1, 1542<br />Reached Mindanao February 2, 1543<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  16. 16. Villalobos’ Expedition<br />Met by the natives with hostilities<br />Established a colony in Saranggani but could not stay long because of insufficient food supply<br />Villalobosdied on April 4, 1544 of a tropical fever in a prison cell in Amboynain Moloccas<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  17. 17. Significance<br />Named the country Las Islas Filipinas (The Philippine Islands) in honor of Prince of Spain – Philip II, who later became King of Spain.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  18. 18. LegazpiUrdaneta’s Expedition<br />Headed by Miguel López de Legazpi with Fray Andres de Urdaneta<br />Landed in Cebu on February 13, 1565 then proceeded to Leyte and Camiguin<br />Blood compact with DatuSikatuna<br /> and obtained spices and gold in <br /> Bohol<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  19. 19. Events<br />Returned to Cebu on April 27, 1565 destroyed Rajah Tupas’ town and established a settlement:<br /> 1. Villa del SantisimoNombre de Jesús<br /> (Town of the Most Holy Name of Jesus) <br /> 2. Villa de San Miguel<br /> (Saint Michael's Town). <br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  20. 20. Events<br />Blood Compact with Rajah Tupas, the first Philippine peace treaty in June 4, 1565. <br />Under the peace agreement, Cebu recognized the Spanish government which, in return, would protect Cebu in times of wars.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  21. 21. Events<br />The church and convent of Santo Niño, the first Roman Catholic Church in thePhilippines, was built in Cebu by Rev. Father Andres de Urdaneta, which markedthe beginning of Roman Catholicism in the Philippines.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  22. 22. Events<br />Legazpi was appointed as the first governor and captain general of the Philippines <br /> (April 27, 1565 – August 20, 1572)<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  23. 23. Events<br />In 1567, about 2,100 Spaniards and Mexicans arrived in Cebu under orders of the Spanish king. <br />They built the Fuerza de San Pedro (Fortress of Saint Peter), a haven for arriving Mexican ships and protection from hostile natives.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  24. 24. Events<br />Sent Martin de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo to explore the northern region<br />Arrive in Manila on May 8, 1570<br />Signed a blood compact with Rajah Sulayman III and later on with Rajah LakanDula.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  25. 25. Events<br />On June 24, López de Legazpi established a settlement there and ordered the construction of the walled city of Intramuros – capital and seat of the Spanish government in the East Indies.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  26. 26. Legazpi’s Settlement Route<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  27. 27. Events<br />López de Legazpi governed the Philippines for a year before dying of heart failure in Manila in 1572. <br />He died poor and bankrupt due to having spent most of his personal fortune during the conquest. <br />He was laid to rest in San Agustin Church<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  28. 28. Reasons for the victorious conquest<br />Lack of unity and a centralized form of government<br />Diversity of languages<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  29. 29. Moluccas Island or Spice Islands<br />Location – Indonesia <br />The territory was incorporated into the Spanish East Indies and governed from Manila.<br />The Spanish presence lasted until 1663, when the settlers and military were moved back to the Philippines.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  30. 30. Treaty of Zaragoza<br />A peace treaty between Spain and Portugal – April 22, 1529 by King John III and the Emperor Charles <br />It defined the areas of Spanish and Portuguese influence in Asia <br />The conflict begun in 1520, when the expeditions of both kingdoms reached the Pacific Ocean since there was not a set limit to the east.<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  31. 31. Treaty of Zaragoza<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  32. 32. References<br />http://www.philippine-history.org/spanish-expeditions.htm <br />http://www.katig.com/history_03.html<br />http://en.wikipedia.org<br />Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />

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