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Lesson 4 the philippines under spain

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Lesson 4 the philippines under spain

  1. 1. The Philippines under Spain<br />
  2. 2. The Government<br />Governor General <br />sole representative of the Spanish crown in the country<br />powers: legislative, executive, judicial, military, ecclesiastical (related to the Church)<br />cumplase – power to suspend the implementation of any royal order–if the condition in the colony did not warrant it.<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  3. 3. The Royal Audiencia<br />a council of judges that acted as the Supreme Court in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period<br />check the abuses of the governor general<br />conduct the Residencia: the process of submitting the governor general to a trial before the court for the purpose of punishing corrupt and dishonest officials<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  4. 4. The Royal Audiencia<br />oidores – judges<br />juez de residencia – the person responsible for scrutinizing the acts of the outgoing governor general and for imposing a sentence on him should he be found guilty of committing a crime in his exercise of his powers as head of the colonial government<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  5. 5. The Little Governor Generals<br />encomendero – the holder of an encomienda<br />encomienda – the right over a piece of land granted to a Spanish conquistador (a Spaniard who helped conquer the Philippine islands for Spain) as a reward for his services<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  6. 6. The Little Governor Generals<br />Duties of an encomendero<br />protect the natives from their enemies<br />act as peacemaker among the natives<br />see to it that the natives were provided with religious instruction<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  7. 7. The Little Governor Generals<br />Abuses made by the encomenderos<br />collected taxes from minors, the aged, the poor, the infirmed, the dead and the fugitives<br />arrested, whipped or imprisoned those who cannot pay the tribute<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  8. 8. The Little Governor Generals<br />Abuses made by the encomenderos<br />made the natives to build houses and large vessels, grind rice, cut wood and carry the woods to their houses, even in Manila<br />used the natives for their own work for many days<br />Encomienda– abolished in 1576<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  9. 9. The Little Governor Generals<br />alcaldesmayores – the heads of the provinces, civil official, appointive<br />alcaldias – the provinces<br />powers: political, financial, judicial, & military<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  10. 10. The Little Governor Generals<br />indulto de commercio – a privilege to engage in trade which gave the provincial governor a monopoly of commerce in the province<br />Abolished in 1844<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  11. 11. The Little Governor Generals<br />Duties of an alcalde mayor<br />see to it that his region has adequate food supply<br />make sure that the roads and bridges were well-maintained<br />grant licenses and permits to carry on trade<br />supervise town elections<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  12. 12. The Little Governor Generals<br />Duties of an alcalde mayor<br />oversee religious welfare of the people<br />make sure that the tributes were collected <br />see to it that the Church always had enough men and funds<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  13. 13. The Little Governor Generals<br />gobernadorcillos – mayors of the towns or cities <br />pueblos – cities or towns<br />gobernadorcillos – elected by the outgoing governadorcillo and 12 members of the principalia<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  14. 14. The Little Governor Generals<br />principalia – a body of prominent land owners and wealthy citizens of the village who could read, write, and speak Spanish<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  15. 15. The Little Governor Generals<br />Duties of a gobernadorcillo<br />maintain the municipal jail<br />take charge of public works<br />administer justice in the town<br />manage the casa tribunal<br />supervise collection of taxes<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  16. 16. The Union of Church and State<br />friars occupied significant positions in the central government<br />friars dominated the permanent commission on censorship <br />exercised political and economic powers<br />controlled the educational system and public works of the municipalities <br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  17. 17. The Union of Church and State<br />supervised the collection of taxes and taking of census<br />certified correctness of cedulas<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  18. 18. Taxation<br />heavy and numerous <br />pocketed by the Spanish officials<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  19. 19. Taxes collected<br />tribute or tributo (1570 – 1884), replaced by the cedula<br />municipal and local taxes<br />episcopal tax (sanctorium)<br />special taxes<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  20. 20. Bandala System<br />the farmers’ produce were sold on a wholesale basis to the government on a compulsory basis<br />not only were the goods or products undervalued but also in many cases they were not even paid for<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  21. 21. Bandala System<br />Annual tax per family <br />1 Peso<br />Starting 1851 1½ Pesos. <br />in 1884 the "bandala" is replaced by the "cedula" (poll tax) <br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  22. 22. Forced labor<br />or polo y servicios<br />forced labor for 40 days of men (16 to 60 years of age) <br />polistas – the laborers<br />falla – payment for exemption for forced labor (one and a half real/day)<br />abolished - 1884<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  23. 23. Galleon Trade<br />route – Manila to Acapulco <br />benefits:<br />maintain hospitals, orphanages and other charitable institutions<br />allowed modern, liberal ideas to enter the country<br />cultural and commercial exchanges between Asia and the Americas<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  24. 24. Galleon Trade<br />ObrasPias (Pious Works)<br />foundations which invest their money in trade and devotes the profit to charitable works<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  25. 25. Jose Basco y Vargas<br />44th governor of the Philippines<br />formulated a general economic plan (self-sufficiency of the colony)<br />established SociedadEconomica de los Amigos del Pais<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  26. 26. References:<br />http://www.philippine-history.org/galleon-trade.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Philippines_%281521%E2%80%931898%29<br />The Philippines under Spain<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />

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