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Community Mobilization

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This was a presentation I did during my Master of Public Health program. It\'s a little dated, but still a good piece.

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Community Mobilization

  1. 1. Principles & Theories of Community Organizing, Mobilization & Participation Tanika Foster-Spates HSC 581 Spring 2004
  2. 2. Models of Practice in Community Organization (Fawcett, 1999) <ul><li>Social Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Use of information and analysis by professionals in setting goals, coordinating efforts, and assessment; Helps build agreement on common results </li></ul><ul><li>Social Action </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts, often by advocacy organizations, to increase power and resources of marginalized people by drawing attention to their concerns; i.e. lawsuits, sit-ins, boycotts </li></ul><ul><li>Locality Development </li></ul><ul><li>A process for reaching group consensus among residents in a defined locale </li></ul><ul><li>Community Partnerships or Coalitions </li></ul><ul><li>Many models combining elements of the above three approaches, which may be implemented at local, state, regional or even broader levels </li></ul>
  3. 3. MAPP: Mobilizing for Action through Planning & Partnerships <ul><li>Source: </li></ul><ul><li>National Association of County and City Health Officials http://mapp.naccho.org/chsa/index.asp </li></ul><ul><li>What is MAPP? A community-wide strategic planning tool for improving community health. Facilitated by public health leadership, this tool helps communities prioritize public health issues and identify resources for addressing them. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MAPP: Mobilizing for Action through Planning & Partnerships <ul><li>The Community Drives the Process: Community ownership is the fundamental component of MAPP. </li></ul><ul><li>Broad community participation leads to collective thinking and, ultimately, results in effective, sustainable solutions to complex problems. </li></ul><ul><li>The MAPP process brings these diverse interests together to collaboratively determine the most effective way to conduct public health activities. </li></ul>
  5. 5. MAPP: Mobilizing for Action through Planning & Partnerships
  6. 6. MAPP: Mobilizing for Action through Planning & Partnerships <ul><li>Community Themes and Strengths Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Residents ask: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is important to our community? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How is quality of life perceived in our community? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What assets do we have that can be used to improve community health? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Public Health System Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations and entities ask: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are the components, activities, competencies, and capacities of our local public health system? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How are the Essential Services being provided to our community? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Community Health Status Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies priority community health and quality of life issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How healthy are our residents? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;What does the health status of our community look like? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Forces of Change Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies legislation, technology, and other impending changes that affect how community and the public health system operate: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is occurring or might occur that affects the health of our community or the local public health system? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What specific threats or opportunities are generated by these occurrences?&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. MAPP: Mobilizing for Action through Planning & Partnerships