BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx

thiru murugan
thiru muruganMSc. Nursing (Community Health Nursing, Professor, - India à Nursing College - India
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING .
BY. MRS.WINCY THIRUMURUGAN
OVERVIEW:
An individual’s blood type depends on which genes
they inherited from their parents. The precise
composition of blood varies between individuals. This
difference in structure is what makes a person’s blood
type. Most people use the ABO system to group blood
types, as well as rhesus factor, which is either positive
or negative.
BLOOD TYPE:
 A blood type is a classification of blood, based on the presence and
absence of antibodies .
 Blood group antigens are either sugars or proteins, and they are
attached to various components in the red blood cell membrane.
• The antigens of the ABO blood group are sugars.
Classifications:
There are eight blood groups and they are
two systems.
•ABO System
•Rhesus system
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
ABO blood grouping system divides blood into 4 groups (A,B,AB,O) based on the presence
or absence of antigens A and B on the RBC surfaces and naturally occurring antibodies
anti-a and anti-b on serum.
There are 4 main blood groups defined by the ABO system:
1. Blood group A – has A antigens on the red blood cells with anti-b
antibodies in the plasma
2. Blood group B – has B antigens with anti-a antibodies in the plasma
3. Blood group O – has no antigens, but both anti-a and anti-b
antibodies in the plasma
4. Blood group AB – has both A and B antigens, but no antibodies
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
 The agglutination indicates that
the blood has reacted with a certain
antibody and is therefore not
compatible with blood containing that
kind of antibody.
 Antibodies attach to antigens on the
surfaces of erythrocytes and
cause agglutination and hemolysis.
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
Rhesus System:
• The second system is called the rhesus system and is
classified as rhesus positive (+) and rhesus negative (-).
• The designation Rh is derived from the use of the
blood of rhesus monkeys in the basic test for
determining the presence of the Rh antigen in
human blood.
• . If this RhD antigen is present, the blood group is
RhD positive. If it's absent, the blood group is RhD
negative.
RHESUS MONKEYS
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
Blood Group Compatibility:
A person with AB+ blood type can receive blood from
blood type groups so called as universal recipient .
 people with O- blood type can only receive blood from
same blood type.
 People with o+ can donated blood to all other blood
universal donor.
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
CROSS-MATCHING
It is a test performed before a blood transfusion as part of blood
compatibility testing. Normally, this involves adding the recipient's blood
plasma to a sample of the donor's red blood cells.
Anti-human Globulin Reagent
BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx
1 sur 22

Recommandé

Blood grouping and crosss matching par
Blood grouping and crosss matchingBlood grouping and crosss matching
Blood grouping and crosss matchingAnkita072
79.3K vues39 diapositives
Blood donor selection par
Blood donor selectionBlood donor selection
Blood donor selectiontareq chowdhury
19K vues56 diapositives
Donor selection par
Donor selectionDonor selection
Donor selectionMusa Khan
35.2K vues35 diapositives
Blood banking par
Blood bankingBlood banking
Blood bankingariva zhagan
7.4K vues25 diapositives
Donor selection ppt par
Donor selection pptDonor selection ppt
Donor selection pptdas nelaturi
15.8K vues23 diapositives
Crossmatching par
CrossmatchingCrossmatching
Crossmatchingtareq chowdhury
111.5K vues30 diapositives

Contenu connexe

Tendances

Fundamentals of Blood Banking par
Fundamentals of Blood BankingFundamentals of Blood Banking
Fundamentals of Blood BankingKhaizran Siddique
11.3K vues23 diapositives
Cross matching par
Cross matchingCross matching
Cross matchingMitalisingh30
2.7K vues22 diapositives
Blood grouping par
Blood groupingBlood grouping
Blood groupingJanani Mathialagan
118.6K vues31 diapositives
blood grouping.ppt par
blood grouping.pptblood grouping.ppt
blood grouping.pptrohitshrivastava97
2K vues27 diapositives
Blood grouping and Cross matching par
Blood grouping and Cross matchingBlood grouping and Cross matching
Blood grouping and Cross matchingNikhilSharma995
2.9K vues82 diapositives
Blood transfusion par
Blood transfusionBlood transfusion
Blood transfusionABHIJIT BHOYAR
6.9K vues52 diapositives

Tendances(20)

Bloob grouping and par ruchivss
Bloob grouping andBloob grouping and
Bloob grouping and
ruchivss8.1K vues
Blood grouping and their significance par Amjad Afridi
Blood grouping and  their significanceBlood grouping and  their significance
Blood grouping and their significance
Amjad Afridi10.9K vues
Pathological examination of body fluids par Utkarsh Sharma
Pathological examination of body fluidsPathological examination of body fluids
Pathological examination of body fluids
Utkarsh Sharma6.5K vues
Blood components and preparation par rajkumarsrihari
Blood components and preparationBlood components and preparation
Blood components and preparation
rajkumarsrihari59.6K vues
Blood group system ABO, Rh & other system par Mr.Harshad Khade
Blood group system ABO, Rh & other systemBlood group system ABO, Rh & other system
Blood group system ABO, Rh & other system
Mr.Harshad Khade12.1K vues
Blood donor selection guidelines 2017 par akshaya tomar
Blood donor selection guidelines 2017Blood donor selection guidelines 2017
Blood donor selection guidelines 2017
akshaya tomar8.9K vues
Blood component separation par ariva zhagan
Blood component separationBlood component separation
Blood component separation
ariva zhagan3.7K vues
universal precautions par Sabari Nathan
 universal precautions universal precautions
universal precautions
Sabari Nathan103.7K vues
Blood transfusion pptn par Neelam Yadav
Blood transfusion pptnBlood transfusion pptn
Blood transfusion pptn
Neelam Yadav3.5K vues

Similaire à BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx

Blood Typing PPT.ppt par
Blood Typing PPT.pptBlood Typing PPT.ppt
Blood Typing PPT.pptJayesh
5 vues34 diapositives
Blood Typing par
Blood TypingBlood Typing
Blood TypingRavi Kumudesh
4.7K vues34 diapositives
Blood typing ppt par
Blood typing pptBlood typing ppt
Blood typing pptSomya Aggarwal
29.2K vues34 diapositives
abo_blood_rh_grouping.pptx par
abo_blood_rh_grouping.pptxabo_blood_rh_grouping.pptx
abo_blood_rh_grouping.pptxJacobNenwonIII
11 vues22 diapositives
1.blood group par
1.blood group1.blood group
1.blood groupprema5252
697 vues38 diapositives
Blood group.007[1] par
Blood group.007[1]Blood group.007[1]
Blood group.007[1]Pallav Desai
22.8K vues21 diapositives

Similaire à BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx(20)

Blood Typing PPT.ppt par Jayesh
Blood Typing PPT.pptBlood Typing PPT.ppt
Blood Typing PPT.ppt
Jayesh 5 vues
1.blood group par prema5252
1.blood group1.blood group
1.blood group
prema5252697 vues
Blood groups & blood donations par Achint Kumar
Blood groups & blood donationsBlood groups & blood donations
Blood groups & blood donations
Achint Kumar4.8K vues
Blood grouping.pdf par Pooja Rani
Blood grouping.pdfBlood grouping.pdf
Blood grouping.pdf
Pooja Rani628 vues
Different blood groups and their their significances.. par Amjad Afridi
Different blood groups and their their significances..Different blood groups and their their significances..
Different blood groups and their their significances..
Amjad Afridi464 vues
12- Blood Groups and Blood Transfusion 2018-converted.pptx par gimspathcme2022
12- Blood Groups and Blood Transfusion 2018-converted.pptx12- Blood Groups and Blood Transfusion 2018-converted.pptx
12- Blood Groups and Blood Transfusion 2018-converted.pptx
gimspathcme202238 vues
Blood group (population genetic and evolution) by nagendra sahu par Nagendrasahu6
Blood group (population genetic and evolution) by nagendra sahuBlood group (population genetic and evolution) by nagendra sahu
Blood group (population genetic and evolution) by nagendra sahu
Nagendrasahu6160 vues

Dernier

Protein Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023 par
Protein Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023Protein Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023
Protein Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023AlinaEllis1
8 vues16 diapositives
Whole Egg Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024 par
Whole Egg Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024Whole Egg Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024
Whole Egg Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024AlinaEllis1
11 vues16 diapositives
Renal cell carcinoma- non clear cell.pptx par
Renal cell carcinoma- non clear cell.pptxRenal cell carcinoma- non clear cell.pptx
Renal cell carcinoma- non clear cell.pptxDr. Sumit KUMAR
10 vues41 diapositives
Fluid Administration Nursing Consideration.pptx par
Fluid Administration Nursing Consideration.pptxFluid Administration Nursing Consideration.pptx
Fluid Administration Nursing Consideration.pptxRESHMA TIRUPATI
5 vues15 diapositives
Working-across-sectors_fulldraftreport_Aug-2019.pdf par
Working-across-sectors_fulldraftreport_Aug-2019.pdfWorking-across-sectors_fulldraftreport_Aug-2019.pdf
Working-across-sectors_fulldraftreport_Aug-2019.pdfmanali9054
26 vues37 diapositives
Communication and NPR Presentation.pptx par
Communication and NPR Presentation.pptxCommunication and NPR Presentation.pptx
Communication and NPR Presentation.pptxWinnie
9 vues66 diapositives

Dernier(20)

Protein Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023 par AlinaEllis1
Protein Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023Protein Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023
Protein Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2023
AlinaEllis18 vues
Whole Egg Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024 par AlinaEllis1
Whole Egg Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024Whole Egg Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024
Whole Egg Powder Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024
AlinaEllis111 vues
Renal cell carcinoma- non clear cell.pptx par Dr. Sumit KUMAR
Renal cell carcinoma- non clear cell.pptxRenal cell carcinoma- non clear cell.pptx
Renal cell carcinoma- non clear cell.pptx
Dr. Sumit KUMAR10 vues
Fluid Administration Nursing Consideration.pptx par RESHMA TIRUPATI
Fluid Administration Nursing Consideration.pptxFluid Administration Nursing Consideration.pptx
Fluid Administration Nursing Consideration.pptx
Working-across-sectors_fulldraftreport_Aug-2019.pdf par manali9054
Working-across-sectors_fulldraftreport_Aug-2019.pdfWorking-across-sectors_fulldraftreport_Aug-2019.pdf
Working-across-sectors_fulldraftreport_Aug-2019.pdf
manali905426 vues
Communication and NPR Presentation.pptx par Winnie
Communication and NPR Presentation.pptxCommunication and NPR Presentation.pptx
Communication and NPR Presentation.pptx
Winnie 9 vues
Evovitality Revolutionizing Wellness for a Better Tomorrow.pdf par muhammadtahirbhutto9
Evovitality Revolutionizing Wellness for a Better Tomorrow.pdfEvovitality Revolutionizing Wellness for a Better Tomorrow.pdf
Evovitality Revolutionizing Wellness for a Better Tomorrow.pdf
MEAUREMENT OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC POWER TEST.pptx par Rishab Mishra
MEAUREMENT OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC POWER TEST.pptxMEAUREMENT OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC POWER TEST.pptx
MEAUREMENT OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC POWER TEST.pptx
Rishab Mishra44 vues
OBJECTIVES , CHARACTERISTICS , CONCEPT AND PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING.pptx par Krishna Gandhi
OBJECTIVES , CHARACTERISTICS ,  CONCEPT AND PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING.pptxOBJECTIVES , CHARACTERISTICS ,  CONCEPT AND PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING.pptx
OBJECTIVES , CHARACTERISTICS , CONCEPT AND PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING.pptx
Krishna Gandhi10 vues
Sodium Sulphate Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024 par AlinaEllis1
Sodium Sulphate Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024Sodium Sulphate Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024
Sodium Sulphate Manufacturing Plant Project Report 2024
AlinaEllis110 vues
Low Vision Managment, Age Related Macular Degeneration ARMD par mahendra singh
Low Vision Managment, Age Related Macular Degeneration ARMDLow Vision Managment, Age Related Macular Degeneration ARMD
Low Vision Managment, Age Related Macular Degeneration ARMD
New Microsoft Word Document (2).docx par ElyaGhiasyan
New Microsoft Word Document (2).docxNew Microsoft Word Document (2).docx
New Microsoft Word Document (2).docx
ElyaGhiasyan10 vues

BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING.pptx

  • 1. BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSS MATCHING . BY. MRS.WINCY THIRUMURUGAN
  • 2. OVERVIEW: An individual’s blood type depends on which genes they inherited from their parents. The precise composition of blood varies between individuals. This difference in structure is what makes a person’s blood type. Most people use the ABO system to group blood types, as well as rhesus factor, which is either positive or negative.
  • 3. BLOOD TYPE:  A blood type is a classification of blood, based on the presence and absence of antibodies .  Blood group antigens are either sugars or proteins, and they are attached to various components in the red blood cell membrane. • The antigens of the ABO blood group are sugars.
  • 4. Classifications: There are eight blood groups and they are two systems. •ABO System •Rhesus system
  • 6. ABO blood grouping system divides blood into 4 groups (A,B,AB,O) based on the presence or absence of antigens A and B on the RBC surfaces and naturally occurring antibodies anti-a and anti-b on serum. There are 4 main blood groups defined by the ABO system: 1. Blood group A – has A antigens on the red blood cells with anti-b antibodies in the plasma 2. Blood group B – has B antigens with anti-a antibodies in the plasma 3. Blood group O – has no antigens, but both anti-a and anti-b antibodies in the plasma 4. Blood group AB – has both A and B antigens, but no antibodies
  • 11.  The agglutination indicates that the blood has reacted with a certain antibody and is therefore not compatible with blood containing that kind of antibody.  Antibodies attach to antigens on the surfaces of erythrocytes and cause agglutination and hemolysis.
  • 14. Rhesus System: • The second system is called the rhesus system and is classified as rhesus positive (+) and rhesus negative (-). • The designation Rh is derived from the use of the blood of rhesus monkeys in the basic test for determining the presence of the Rh antigen in human blood. • . If this RhD antigen is present, the blood group is RhD positive. If it's absent, the blood group is RhD negative. RHESUS MONKEYS
  • 16. Blood Group Compatibility: A person with AB+ blood type can receive blood from blood type groups so called as universal recipient .  people with O- blood type can only receive blood from same blood type.  People with o+ can donated blood to all other blood universal donor.
  • 20. CROSS-MATCHING It is a test performed before a blood transfusion as part of blood compatibility testing. Normally, this involves adding the recipient's blood plasma to a sample of the donor's red blood cells.