ECS111 P SEALEY EXAM 2 STUDY QUESTIONS 2019 1 EXAM 2 IS TUESDAY APRIL 9th, 2019 REVIEW ESFCW CHAPTERS 5 and 6 EXAM 2 is worth 15 POINTS 1. Which of the following statements is an example of climate? a. The temperature today is unusually cold for this time of year. b. Heavy local rains caused flooding in low-lying areas. c. Long winters and hot, humid summers are typical of the upper Midwest. d. If the drought in Oklahoma continues next year, it will be the worst since the Dust Bowl. e. High humidity intensifies the oppressive heat. 2. The evolution of the average behavior of the Earth’s atmosphere over time is called a. weather. b. climate. c. climate change. d. hurricanes. e. stratospheric migration. 3. Components of the climate system do not include a. the sun. b. oceans. c. glaciers. d. the atmosphere. e. cosmic rays. 4. What is e-waste and why is it a concern? 5. Which of the following is not a driver in Earth’s climate? a. The gravitational pull of the moon b. The sun c. Ocean currents d. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere e. Clouds 6. Which of the following statements concerning the composition of the atmosphere is true? a. Water consistently is the gas present in the highest concentrations. b. N2 and O2 concentrations tend to be variable. c. CO2 is present in the lowest concentration of all gases. d. Methane concentration is about 17 parts per million by volume. e. Carbon monoxide concentration is 388 parts per million. 7. What is the difference between a sanitary land fill and an open dump? Does garbage decompose more quickly in a sanitary landfill? 8. If you were to measure the composition of the atmosphere across the globe, the composition would be relatively constant except for a. nitrogen and oxygen. b. oxygen and helium. c. helium and carbon dioxide. d. carbon dioxide and water vapor. e. water vapor and ozone. 9. Ozone exists mostly a. in the stratosphere. b. underground in reservoirs. c. dissolved in water. d. in the cryosphere. e. None of the above ECS111 P SEALEY EXAM 2 STUDY QUESTIONS 2019 2 10. Incident ultraviolet radiation from the sun is blocked by a. clouds. b. sulfur dioxide. c. chlorofluorocarbons. d. methane. e. ozone. 11. Are most plastics degradable, biodegradable or non-degradable waste? How well do plastics break down? 12. The greatest quantity of fresh water is held in a. rivers. b. lakes. c. ground water. d. oceans. e. glaciers and ice caps. 13. Which of the following does not play a role in reflecting incident sunlight back into space? a. Methane b. Ice c. Clouds d. Sulfur oxides e. Particulate matter suspended in the atmosphere 14. Other than CO2, what greenhouse gas has the longest lifetime in the atmosphere? a. Nitrous oxide b. Ozone c. CFCs d. Methane e. Both a and c 15. Without the greenhouse effect, the atm.