“The architecture of participation” “I couldn’t have written a new kernel for Windows even if I had access to the source code. The architecture just didn’t support it.” -Linus TorvaldsWednesday, January 16, 13I heard another striking assertion about the importance of architecture ﬁfteen years or so ago in a conversation with Linus Torvalds. Heobserved...That term “architecture” stuck in my head, and I realized how true it was of all the most successful open source projects - that it was far morethan a matter of just releasing source code. It was designing systems in such a way that someone could bite off a manageable chunk andmodify, replace, or extend it. I call this “the architecture of participation.” Some systems are designed for participation; others are not.