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Towards a New Distributional Economics
Tim O’Reilly
@timoreilly
wtfeconomy.com
BRIE – OECD
December 1, 2017
Tim O’Reilly
Founder & CEO, O’Reilly Media
Partner, O’Reilly AlphaTech Ventures
Board member, Code for America
Co-founder,...
What the great technology
platforms teach us about the future
of work, business, and the
economy.
wtfeconomy.com
Fitness Landscapes
The way in which genes contribute
to the survival of an organism can
be viewed as a landscape of peaks
...
Technology also has a fitness landscape
In my career, I’ve watched a
number of migrations to new
peaks, and I’d like to sh...
Divergence of productivity and real median family income in
the US
Will there really be nothing left for people to do?
Is there really
nothing left for
humans to do?
We’ve forgotten the lessons of history
The weavers of Ned Ludd’s
rebellion couldn’t imagine…
They couldn’t imagine…
What happened when Amazon added 45,000 robots
Jeff Bezos calls this “the flywheel”
A Business Model Map of Uber
Magical user experience
realizing the power of
networked sensors
Replacing ownership
with acc...
The coming robots are not autonomous
Gradually, then suddenly
1. The world is becoming digital
2. Artificial Intelligence and algorithmic systems are
everywher...
The Equinix NY4 data center,
where trillions of dollars change hands
What does it mean that these
platforms, and the humans that are
part of them, are increasingly
managed by algorithms?
wtfe...
“Markets are outcomes”
- Mariana Mazzucatto
“My grandfather wouldn’t
recognize what I do as
work.”
-Hal Varian
A new kind of management
“It’s the difference between ‘playing
Caesar’ (deciding which projects live
and die), and ‘playin...
Algorithmic systems all have an “objective function”
Uber and Lyft: Pick up time
Google: Relevance
Facebook: engagement...
Like the djinn of Arabian mythology, our digital djinn do
exactly what we tell them to do
AI is “the most serious
threat to the survival of
the human race”
Elon Musk
The runaway objective function
“Even robots with a seemingly benign
task could indifferently harm us. ‘Let’s
say you creat...
The Runaway Objective Function Behind Fake News
And yet…. Divergence of productivity
and real median family income in the US
“The art of debugging is
figuring out what you really told
your program to do rather than
what you thought you told it to
...
Who Gets What – and Why?
Can we redesign markets so that they are
more effective? There’s lots of evidence
that we can.
What would it take for us to
 Put people to work tackling the world’s greatest problems?
 Treat humans as assets, not li...
What’s the Future?
It’s Up To us
wtfeconomy.com
AI is “the most serious
AI is “the most serious
AI is “the most serious
AI is “the most serious
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AI is “the most serious
threat to the survival of
the human race”
Elon Musk

Publié dans : Technologie
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