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HEALTH HYGIENE AND SAFETY
HEALTH AND HYGIENE
1. Cleanliness (51): (a) Every establishment shall be
kept clean and free from effluvia arising from any
brain or other nuisance.
(b) Accumulation of dirt shall be removed daily by
(c) The floor shall be cleaned at least once in every
week by washing.
(d) All inside walls and partitions, all ceilings shall
be painted or varnished at least once in every
(e) Where they are already painted, be cleaned at
least once in every fourteenth months.
(f) In any other case, the wall shall be kept white-
washed or color washed at least once in every
2. Ventilation and temperature (52): (a) Effective
and suitable provisions shall be made in every
establishment for securing and maintaining
adequate ventilation in every work-room by the
circulation of fresh air.
(b) Such temperature as will secure to workers
therein reasonable conditions of comfort and
prevent injury to health.
(c) The walls and roofs shall be of such material
and so designed that such temperature shall not
be exceeded but kept as low as practicable.
3. Dust and fume (53): In every establishment,
every measures shall be taken to prevent all kinds
of dust and fume and if any exhaust appliance is
necessary for this purpose, it shall he applied as
near as possible to the point of origin of the dust,
fume and such point shall be enclosed so far as
4. Disposal of wastes and effluents (54): Effective
measure shall be taken for disposal of wastes due
to the manufacturing process carried on therein.
5. Overcrowding (56): (a) No work-room in any
establishment shall be overcrowded to an extent
injurious to the health of the workers.
(b) There shall be provided for every worker
employed in a work-room at least 9.5 cubic metre
of space in the establishment.
6. Lighting (57): In every part of an establishment
where workers are working or passing, there shall
be provided and maintained sufficient and suitable
lighting, natural or artificial, or both.
7. Drinking Water (58): (a) In every establishment
effective arrangement shall be made to provide
and maintain at a suitable point, a sufficient supply
of drinking water.
(b) All such points where water is supplied shall be
marked ‘Drinking water’ in Bangla.
(c) In every establishment where 250 or more
workers are employed, effective provisions shall be
made for cooling the drinking water during the hot
(d) Where dehydration occurs in the body of
workers, there workers shall be provided with oral
8. Latrines and urinals (59): (a) Sufficient latrines
and urinals shall be provided to all workers at all
times while they are in the establishment.
(b) Such latrines and urinals shall be provided
separately for male and female workers.
9. Dust bean and spittoon (60): In every
establishment there shall be provided, at
convenient places, sufficient number of dust beans
and spittoons which shall be maintained in a clean
and hygienic condition.
10. Safety of building and machinery (61): If any
building or part of a building or machinery or part
of machinery is in such condition that is dangerous
to human life or safety, the employer must make
some step to remove that type of dangerous thing.
11. Precaution in case of fire (62):
(a) Every establishment shall be provided, at least
one alternative connection stairway with each
(b) In every establishment there must be a facility
of window door or other exit in case of fire.
(c) Every door, window, a free-passage way shall
be maintained regularly for the use of all workers.
(d) In every establishment where fifty or more
workers employed, shall be arranged at least once
in a year a mock fire-fighting.
12. Hoists and lifts (69): (i) In every establishment
every hoist and lift shall be of good mechanical
construction, sound material and adequate
(ii) Every lift and hoists must be properly
(iii) Every lift and hoists shall be examined by
competent person at least once in every period of
Floors & stairs (72): (a) All floors & stairs shall be
of sound construction and properly maintained.
(b) All floors & stairs shall be clean, wide and clear
of all obstructions.
Excessive weights (74): No person shall be
employed in any establishment to lift, carry or
move any load so heavy as to be likely to cause
Protection of eyes (75): Every employer shall be
provided suitable goggles for the workers who are
working in the place where there is excessive light
WELFARE MEASURES FOR THE WORKERS
01. First aid boxes/ Cupboard (89):
(a) Every establishment there shall be provided
and maintained first aid boxes during all working
(b) Every first-aid box shall be kept in charge of a
responsible person who is trained and skilled in
first-aid treatment and who shall always be
available during the working hours of the
02. Maintenance of safety Record Book (90):
In every establishment where more than 25
workers are employed, shall maintain
compulsorily, a safety record book and safety
03. Washing facilities (91):
(a) Adequate and suitable facilities for washing and
bathing shall be provided and maintained for the
use of the workers.
(b) Separate facilities shall be provided for the use
of male and female workers.
04. Canteens (92):
(a) In every establishment wherein more than 100
workers are employed, there shall be provided
adequate number of canteens for the use of all
(b) The Government may make rules for the
standards in respect of construction,
accommodation, furniture and other equipment of
(c) The Government may make rules for the
constitution of a managing committee for the
canteen and representation of the workers in the
management of the canteen.
05. Shelter/ Day care/ Resort (93):
(a) Every establishment wherein more than 50
workers are employed, adequate and suitable
shelters or rest rooms, and lunch room with
provision for drinking water, shall be provided for
the use of the workers.
(b) The shelters, rest rooms or lunch rooms shall
be sufficiently lighted and ventilated and shall be
maintained in a cool and clean condition.
06. Rooms for children/ Baby care (94):
(a) In every establishment, where 40 or more
workers are employed there shall be provided and
maintained a suitable room or rooms for the use of
children under the age of 6 years of such women.
(b) Such rooms shall provide adequate
accommodation, adequately lighted and ventilated
and maintained in a clean and sanitary condition
and shall be under the charge of woman trained or
experienced in the care of children and infants.
07. Housing facilities for plantation worker (96):
Every employer in a tea plantation shall provide
housing facilities to every worker and his family
residing in the tea plantation.
08. Medical care for newspaper workers (98):
Every newspaper worker and his dependents shall
be entitled to medical care at the cost of the
09. Compulsory Group Insurance (99): The Govt.
may make rules for introducing group insurance in
the establishments where minimum 200
permanent workers are employed.
WAGES AND ITS PAYAMENTS
01. Special definition of ‘wages’ (120):
Wages means (a) Any bonus or other additional
remuneration (b) Any remuneration payable under
order of court
(c) Any compensation or damages (d) Any sum
payable due to lay-off or suspension.
02. Responsibility for payment of wages (121):
(a) Every employer (b) Every CEO (c) Every
03. Fixation of wage-periods (122):
(a) Every responsible person shall fixed the wage
(b) No wage period shall exceed 1 month.
04. Medium of payment of wages (124):
(a) Current coin (b) Currency note
(c) Bank cheque
05. Deduction from wages (125):
(a) Fines (b) For absence from duty
(c) For damages or loss of goods
(d) For house accommodation
(e) For various facilities (Laptop/ Mobile etc)
(f) For loans (g) For income tax
(h) Subscription for CBA union.
(a) Applied for cancellation of registration;
(b) Ceased to exist;
(c) Obtained registration by fraud or by misrepresentation;
(d) Contravened any of the basic provisions of its constitution;
(e) Committed any unfair labour practice; and
(f) Failed to hold minimum number of members.
(2) The Director of Labour shall submit an application to the Labour court praying for permission to cancel
such registration of trade union (TU).
(3) The Director of Labour shall cancel the registration of a TU within 30 days from the date of permission
given by the Labour court.
(4) Any aggrieved, TU may can appeal to the tribunal against the verdict of LC within 30 days from the date of
the order by LC and the decision of the tribunal shall be final.
10. No function without registration (192): No trade union has a right to do any function without getting the
11. Registration on dual membership (193):
No worker has a right to be a member of two or more trade union at a time.
12. Unfair labor practices of employers (195):
(a) To restrain to join a TU or continue his membership of a trade union.
(b) To refuse to continue to employment on the ground of being a member or officer of a trade union. (c) To
discriminate against any person related to any employment, promotion, condition of employment.
(d) To dismiss, discharge, remove from employment or threaten to dismiss, discharge or remove from
(e) To induce any person to refrain from becoming a member or officer of a trade union.
(f) To compel or attempt to compel to sing a memorandum of settlement by using intimidation, coercion,
pressure, threat, disconnection of water, power and telephone facilities.
(g) To interfere with or in any way influence in the election provided for in section 202.
(h) To recruit any new worker during the period of strike.
(i) To fail to take steps recommended by the participation committee.
(j) To fail to give reply to any communications made by the collective bargaining agent in respect of any
(k) To transfer the president, general secretary, organizing secretary or treasurer of any registered TU.
(l) To commence, continue, instigate any person to take part in an illegal lockout.
13. Unfair labor practices of workers (196):
(a) No worker shall engage himself in any trade union activities during his office hours without the permission
of his employer.
(b) To induce any person to become or refrain from becoming a member or officer of a trade union by offering
(c) To compel or attempt to compel any worker to pay or refrain from paying any subscription towards the
fund of trade union by using intimidation, coercion, pressure, threat or any other methods.
(d) To compel or attempt to compel a employer to sign a memorandum of settlement.
(e) To commence, continue an illegal strike and to instigate others to take part in an illegal strike.
(f) To start ghero, obstruction to transport or communications system.
(g) To destruct of any property vandalism.
(h) To interfere with a ballot box CBA election by exercising undue influence, intimidation or bribery.
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGENT
202-Largest section; 25 Sub-Section
01. Common Rules: SS 1
(1) Where there is only one trade union in an establishment, that TU shall be considered as a CBA of the
02. CBA election procedure:
(a) To make an application to the DL for election of CBA. (SS 02)
(b) The DL shall arrange a secret ballot within 120 days from the date of application. (SS 02)
(c) The director of Labour shall give notice in writing to all trade unions to contest of secret ballot. The parties
must reply within 15 days from the date of notice. (SS 03)
(d) Every trade union must have its members a least 30% of the total numbers of workers. (SS 05)
(e) To make a list of workers except casual and badli worker and submit it to the director of labor. (SS 06)
(f) To enquiry and justify in the list of workers in case of any kinds of objections. (SS 7, 8, 9)
(g) To amend, alter or modify in the list of workers as may be required. (SS 10)
(h) To prepare a final voter list of workers and sent copies to the employer and all TU at least 7 days prior to
the date fixed for the vote. (SS 11)
(i) Every employer shall provide all kinds of facilities for the conduct of the vote but shall not interfere with the
voting. (SS 13)
(j) No person shall canvas for the vote within 45 meter of the polling station. (SS 14)
03. Term of CBA: (SS 16)
(a) The term of CBA would be the period of 2 years.
(b) But in case of federation the period would be of 3 years.
04. In case of arising disputes: (SS 21)
If any dispute arising out of any matter in relation to an election for determination of CBA shall be referred to
the Labour court, and the decision of the Labour court shall be final.
05. Cancellation process of the registration of TU: (SS 22)
If in any election for determination of collective bargaining agent any contesting trade union receives less than
ten percent of the total votes, the registration of the trade union shall stand canceled.
06. Rights and duties of CBA: (SS 24)
(a) To undertake collective bargaining with the employer on behalf of all workers matters connected with the
employment, non-employment, the term of employment or the conditions of work;
(b) To represent all or any of the workers in any proceedings;
(c) To give notice;
(d) To declare a strike;
(e) To nominate representatives of workers on the board of trustees of any welfare institutions;
(e) To conduct cases on behalf of any individual worker or group of workers.
07. Functions of the DL: (SS 15)
(a) To fix the date for the poll;
(b) To set up the ballot boxes which shall be sealed in the presence of the representatives of the contesting
(c) To conduct the poll at the polling stations;
(d)To open the ballot boxes and count the votes after the conclusion of the poll;
(e) To declare the name of the TU who has received the highest number of votes to be the CBA, after the
conclusion of the count.
08. Participation Committee: (205)
(a) The employer in an establishment in which fifty or more workers are employed shall constitute a
(b) Such committee shall be formed with representatives of the employer and the workers,
(c) The number of representatives of worker shall not be less than the number of representatives of the
(d) The representative of the workers shall be appointed on the basis of nomination given by the trade unions
in the establishment.
(e) Where there is no TU, representatives of the worker shall be chosen in the prescribe manner from
amongst the worker.
09. Functions of Participation Committee: (206)
(a)To try to promote mutual trust, understanding and co-operation between the employer and the workers;
(b) To ensure application of labour laws;
(c) To improve and maintain safety, health and working condition;
(d) To encourage vocational training, workers education and family welfare training;
(e) To take steps for improvement of welfare services for the workers and their families;
10. Meetings of the participation Committee: (207)
The participation committee shall meet at least once in every two months to discuss and exchange views and
recommend measures for performance of the functions under section 202.
INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES AND SETTLEMENT
209 & 210 - Second largest section
01. Rising of ID (209): Any CBA or employer can raise industrial dispute.
02. Settlement of ID: (210)
(i) Joint Consultation (ss 1-4 & 19):
(a) All disputes shall be communicated by the employer and CBA.
(b) Within 15 days of communication, shall arrange a meeting for agreements.
(c) If the parties reached a settlement, a copy of settlement shall be forwarded by the employer to the
govt., the DL & conciliator.
(d) If no settlement is reached at within the period of one month from the date of first meeting, may
report the matter to the conciliator within 15 days from the expiry of the period and the conciliator shall
proceed to constitute within 10 days of the request
(ii) Appointment of Conciliator (ss 05):
The govt. shall appoint such number of persons as conciliator as it’s consider necessary.
(iii) Proceedings of Conciliator (ss 06-12 & 18):
(a) The conciliator shall start conciliation shall call a meeting for settlement.
(b) The representatives of the party shall appear before the conciliator to negotiate.
(c) If any settlement is established, the conciliator shall send a report to the govt. together with a
memorandum of settlement signed b the parties to the disputes.
(d) If no settlement is established within 30 days, the conciliation proceeding shall fail or the conciliation
proceeding may be continued for a period as may be agreed upon by the parties.
(e) If the conciliation fails, the conciliator shall sent a report to an Arbitrator.
(f) If the parties do not agree to go to an Arbitrator, the conciliator shall issue a certificate within three
days of failure of the conciliation.
(g) If the parties agree to go to an arbitrator, they shall make a joint request in writing to an arbitrator.
(iv) Appointment of Arbitrator (ss 13):
The arbitrator may be a person from the panel maintained by the govt. or any other person agreed upon
by the parties.
(v) Functions of Arbitrator (ss 14-17):
(a) The arbitrator shall give award within 30 days from the date of deputes referred.
(b) The arbitrator shall forward a copy of an award to the govt. and the parties.
(c) The award of the arbitrator shall be final and no option to make an appeal to any court of Bangladesh.
(d) An award shall be valid for a period of 2 years.