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IIPC: Project re dds: digital archeology (May 9, 2011)

Presented by the International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC) and the National Library of the Netherlands (KB) as part of the 2011 IIPC General Assembly May 9, 2011
More: http://netpreserve.org/events/2011GA.php

re:DDS is an attempt to reconstruct the DDS. De Digitale Stad (DDS), the Digital City, was one of the first online community network that operated on an European scale. DDS was founded in the fall of 1993 by 10-15 people (fluid group) and was launched at 15 januari 1994 in Amsterdam. The DDS was inspired by the Community Networks movement in the US and Canada and functioned as a Free-Net in the Netherlands. DDS has attracted international interest for the design it had chosen: it used the metaphor of a city to structure the information and communication in cyberspace and made the users into ‘inhabitants’. Initiatially DDS started as a 10 week pilot. The Digital City has been a public domain virtual city in Amsterdam between 1994 and 2001. Check: http://www.re-dds.nl/

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IIPC: Project re dds: digital archeology (May 9, 2011)

  1. 1. Collection Treasures Project: re:DDS, Digital Archeology IIPC: "Out of the Box: Building and Using Web Archive Collections“ May, 9 th 2011
  2. 2. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>In the wild, wild cyberspace… appeared -from networkcables, computers and modems- a virtual city… </li></ul><ul><li>De Digitale Stad (The Digital City): 1994-2001 (public domain) </li></ul><ul><li>1 st (free) public domain virtual city in the world </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Dutch virtual community </li></ul><ul><li>Grounded by a fluid group: net-activists (hackers), independent media, artists and… the municipality of Amsterdam, co-initiator Marleen Stikker (De Balie) was the 'virtual mayor‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by the Community Networks movement in the US and Canada (Free-Nets) </li></ul><ul><li>Attracted international interest for the design: metaphor of a city to structure cyberspace, users were ‘inhabitants’ </li></ul><ul><li>Good for the cyberreputation of the city of Amsterdam. CNN (1997): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ For hundreds of years the city of Amsterdam has been a center of commercial trade, art and education. Now it’s helping point the way in the information revolution too.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manuel Castells ( The Internet Galaxy , 2001 ): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The most famous citizen computer network. (…) A new form of public sphere combining local institutions, grassroots organisations, and computer networks in the development of cultural expression and civic participation.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inhabitants: 1994: 10.000 - 1997: 60.000 - 1998: 80.000 – 2000: 140.000 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>Grave Diggers Party, Friday the 13th… </li></ul><ul><li>Working space (the ‘Archeological site re:DDS’) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Servers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools (e-pades, e-pick-axe and e-trowels: SCSI, cables/convertors, hotplugs, genderbenders, switches, scripts, ducktape and s crewdrivers ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workstations (PC’s): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ E-excavators’: go digg in the Wayback Machine and store the excavations in the Historical (e-) Depot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Share your stories and memories at the Open History Lab re:DDS.nl ( http://re-dds.nl ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Museum space (Tourist Tours) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>/Lost+found: ‘cabinet of curiosities’: hardware (servers, terminals, modems etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Billboard 1: What is DDS, Where are you, What is this site? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Billboard 2: Timeline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Billboard 3: Tools: excavators (=pc’s), buckets (storage), ziploc bags (usb sticks), shovels (mouses, UNIX commando's), measuring tape (scripts) and pitfalls (system errors, error 404 this page cannot be found , broken images, linkrot etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Billboards 4, 5, 6: screenshots of /Lost+Found </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>First, we go back to the Dark Ages of Internet… </li></ul>
  5. 5. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>NL </li></ul><ul><li>1970 - CWI (uk: Centre for Mathematics and IT) builds supercomputer SARA, Sciencepark in Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><li>1986 - .nl = first ccTLD (country code Top Level Domains) in the world </li></ul><ul><li>1986 - Registration first .nl-domain name: CWI: cwi.nl </li></ul><ul><li>1988 - The Netherlands connected to the internet </li></ul><ul><li>1988 - SURFnet, Co-operative University Computing Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>1989 - NLnet, B2B </li></ul><ul><li>1997 - Amsterdam Internet Exchange (AMS-IX) </li></ul><ul><li>Amsterdam net-culture </li></ul>
  6. 6. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>/lost+found: interfaces of the virtual city </li></ul>
  7. 7. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>/lost+found: squares </li></ul>
  8. 8. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>/lost+found: projects </li></ul>
  9. 9. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>/lost+found: excavations </li></ul>
  10. 10. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>But, Pitfalls of Fragile Media: </li></ul><ul><li>Linkrot </li></ul><ul><li>Lost documents </li></ul><ul><li>Missing software (operating systems) </li></ul><ul><li>Missing hardware (SCSI cables, cards etc) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>In other words, characteristic problems of the media: </li></ul><ul><li>Technology - These media are based on magnetic (hard disks, magnetic tapes, floppy disks) or optical technologies (CDs, DVDs). </li></ul><ul><li>Longevity - These media are extremely short lived: The stated longevity is a few decades at best. </li></ul><ul><li>Durability - These media are volatile: The method of recording is either magnetism on a magnetic surface, or optical laser on a plastic back. </li></ul><ul><li>Compatibility - These media become obsolete quickly. Even if they do not physically fail, the technology to read them will be obsolete in a decade or two. [ Source: http://baheyeldin.com/technology/digital-archeology.html ] </li></ul>
  12. 12. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>So, the goals of the project re:DDS: </li></ul><ul><li>To preserve the internet-historical monument DDS </li></ul><ul><li>A pilot for net-archeology: how to reconstruct, preserve and retrieve the virtual city DDS (DDS is born-digital) and make it accessible to the public, on a scientific and social level </li></ul><ul><li>To map the history of the DDS and e-culture in Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><li>To include the DDS in the collections of the heritage institutions of Amsterdam. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>Webarcheology: </li></ul><ul><li>(Besides the traditional research techniques: literature, archives and interviews) </li></ul><ul><li>Digg for content in the Internet Archives and Groups.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>Collect, reboot and restore old servers </li></ul><ul><li>Unpack and activate freezes </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruct the actual virtual city </li></ul>
  14. 14. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>Open History Lab: http://re-dds.nl </li></ul>
  15. 15. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>/lost+ found </li></ul>
  16. 16. Project re:DDS, Digital Archeology <ul><li>So, you’re invited to the kickoff of the ‘Information Research & Data Recovery Bootcamp’: the Grave Diggers Party, Friday the 13th of May! </li></ul>TNX to our partners (till now): De Digitale Stad Holding BV, IISG, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Stadsarchief Amsterdam, Waag Society, old inhabitants, (ex) DDS employees, DDS affined webarcheologists and Karin Spaink More information: http://re-dds.nl