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Project re:DDS - November 12, 2012

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Project re:DDS - November 12, 2012

  1. 1. Brewster Kahle in Amsterdam! Amsterdam, 12 November 2012WebArcheology & Project re:DDS Tjarda de Haan
  2. 2. Project re:DDS, WebArcheology
  3. 3. Project re:DDSAmsterdam Museum:• The story of Amsterdam – your entry to the city!• Voorheen: Amsterdams Historisch Museum.Digital collections:• Web: corporate site, co-creation platform.• Social: Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, Flickr.• Mobile: Collection App, MuseumApp.• Semantic & Open Data: online collection, Europeana, Apps for Amsterdam, Wikipedia.
  4. 4. Project re:DDS1. Help! Our digital heritage is getting lost!2. Case-study re:DDS3. What’s next?
  5. 5. Project re:DDSHelp! Our digital heritage is getting lost!UNESCO: ‘Charter on the preservation of the digital heritage’ (2003):• “The world’s digital heritage is at risk of being lost.”• “It’s preservation is an urgent issue of worldwide concern.”The Netherlands:• The Digital Heritage Netherlands (Digitaal Erfgoed Nederland ) and the National Coalition for Digital Preservation (Nationale Coalitie Digitale Duurzaamheid): “Call for action!”
  6. 6. Project re:DDSBorn-digital heritage:• Material: complex and fragile. By rapid obsolescence of technology: missing hardware and software, lost documents and linkrot. Dynamic character: doesn’t always reach final status and often not clear what belongs to the object.• Methodes: different. Difference between live web (webharvesting / archiving) and the dead web (webarcheology).• Division of tasks: who will take which responsibilities to reconstruct, preserve and retrieve born-digital heritage and make it accessible to the public? Badly needed: a central repository for tools (for media reading, including tape readers) and software library (who will archive old software, including Solaris, Windows, MacOS), before it is too late?• Approach: no standards. Given the urgency we can not wait. So just do it ... and trial and error!
  7. 7. Project re:DDS1. Help! Our digital heritage is getting lost!2. Case-study re:DDS3. What’s next?
  8. 8. Project re:DDSWhat is De Digitale Stad - The Digital City (1994-2001)?• 1st (free) public domain virtual city in the world.• 1st Dutch virtual community.• Grounded by a fluid group: independent media, hackers and the municipality of Amsterdam.• Inspired by the Free-Nets movement in the US and Canada.• Attracted international interest for the design: metaphor of a city to structure cyberspace.• Good for the cyberreputation of the city of Amsterdam: • CNN (1997): “For hundreds of years the city of Amsterdam has been a center of commercial trade, art and education. Now it’s helping point the way in the information revolution too.” • Manuel Castells (The Internet Galaxy, 2001): “The most famous citizen computer network. (…) A new form of public sphere combining local institutions, grassroots organisations, and computer networks in the development of cultural expression and civic participation.”• Inhabitants (the users): 1994: 10.000 - 1997: 60.000 - 1998: 80.000 - 2000: 140.000.
  9. 9. Project re:DDS/lost+found: interfaces of the virtual cityDDS1.0 - 15 January 1994 DDS3.0 - 10 June 1995 DDS2.0 - 1 October 1994 DDS 0.1 – Never online…
  10. 10. Project re:DDSExcursion 1: Return to the ‘Dark Ages of the Internet’ in NL.
  11. 11. Project re:DDSExcursion 2: What was so special about .NL?• Excursion 2: What was so special about GB?• 1970 - CWI (Centre for Mathematics and Computer Science) builds supercomputer SARA in Amsterdam Science Park.• 1986 -. Nl = first ccTLD (country code Top Level Domains) in the world.• 1986 - registration first. Nl domain name: cwi.nl.• 1988 - The Netherlands connected to the Internet.• 1988 - SURFnet, Cooperating University Computing Centre Facilities Network.• 1989 - NLnet, B2B.• 1989-1994 - Hack-Tic, 1993  XS4ALL: Internet access for all.• 1994 – DDS: web content access for all.• 1997 - Amsterdam Internet Exchange (AMS-IX).And about Amsterdam?A lively net-culture!
  12. 12. Project re:DDSGoals of the project re:DDS (REconstruction of De Digitale Stad):• To preserve the internet-historical monument DDS.• To map the history of the DDS, internet and e-culture in Amsterdam.• To include the DDS in the collections of the heritage institutions.• And… a pilot for net-archeology: how to reconstruct, preserve and retrieve the virtual city DDS (DDS is born-digital) and make it accessible to the public, on a scientific and social level.
  13. 13. Project re:DDSWhat do we do?‘Information Research & Data Recovery’:Phases of the project:1. Start: • Launch of Open History Lab: re:DDS.nl.2. Digg: •The Grave Diggers Party. • Crowdsourcing in Open History Lab.3. Analyse & reconstruction: • The Rise of Zombies: crowdsourcing & co-creation, Workshop WebArcheology • Flight of Zombies: DDS in ‘multiple-points-in-times’?4. Delivery for collections and presentations: • Let the Bytes Free!5. Finish project: • Conclusions, evaluation, documentation, knowledge sharing.
  14. 14. Project re:DDSGrave Diggers Party, Friday the 13th (May 2011)1. Working space  The Archeological Site re:DDS • Workstations: • Bring and upload your code. • Digg in the Wayback Machine and store excavations in Historical (e-)Depot. • Share your stories and memories in the Open History Lab re:DDS.nl. • Tools: • Computers: excavators. • Storage: buckets. • UNIX commands, mice: pades, pick-axe, trowels. • Scripts : metal detectors. • USB: find bags. • Metadata: find cards.2. Museum space  Tourist Tours • /Lost+found: ‘Cabinet of Curiosities’: • Hardware: servers, terminals, modembanks, taperobots etc. • Screenshots of DDS. • Billboard’s: • What is DDS? Where are you? What is this site? Why this site?
  15. 15. Project re:DDSWhat are we looking for?Archaeological remains:• Interfaces - DDS 1,2,3 and 3.5• Freezes - 1996 and DDS3• Machines - Shaman, Alibaba, Aladdin, etc.• Special projects - DDS Webmix, dds.dds, dds.multcult,dds.technopolis, the Metro, live.dds.nl, cafes, etc.• Individual houses & Squares – Thisbe, Dead Square, etc.• Secondary sources - Articles, interviews, video, etc.
  16. 16. Project re:DDS/lost+found: interfaces of the virtual cityDDS1.0 - 15 January 994 DDS3.0 - 10 June 1995 DDS2.0 - 1 October 1994 DDS 0.1 – Never online…
  17. 17. Project re:DDS/lost+found: squares
  18. 18. Project re:DDS/lost+found: excavations
  19. 19. Project re:DDS/lost+found: hardware
  20. 20. Project re:DDSAnalyse & reconstruction: Workshop WebArcheology
  21. 21. Project re:DDSHow do we do it?
  22. 22. Project re:DDS1. Help! Our digital heritage is getting lost!2. Case-study re:DDS3. What’s next?
  23. 23. Project re:DDS Will we succeed?  • Exposition at the Amsterdam Museum: to present the story of the internet-historical monument DDS and history of the internet and e-culture in Amsterdam? • ‘DDS timemachine’ for visitors: interact with history and experience the ‘multiple-points-in- times’ of DDS: How was the internet at the beginning?‘ and ‘How did it look like in the 20th century?’ • Playground for researchers: browse between the ‘multiple-points-in-times’ of DDS, and research the evolution of the web in a 4D collection (height, width, depth and… time)? • DDS in the collections of the heritage institutions? • Share knowlegde: DIY Manual for WebArcheology: how to reconstruct, preserve and retrieve born-digital material and make it accessible to the public?DDS1.0 - Jan, 15th of 1994 DDS3.0 - June, 10th of 1995 DDS2.0 - Oct, 1st of 1994
  24. 24. Thanks to: Project re:DDSOur partners:• De Digitale Stad Holding BV.• The International Institute of Social History (IISH).• Karin Spaink, independent researcher.• The Koninklijke Bibliotheek (National Library of the Netherlands).• The Amsterdam City Archives.• The Waag Society.• Old inhabitants, (ex) DDS employees and DDS affined webarcheologists.And:• Guidelines for the Preservating of Digital Heritage (March 2003) http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001300/130071e.pdf.• IIPC: Web Archives: The Future(s), by Eric T. Meyer, Arthur Thomas, Ralph Schroeder (2011, University of Oxford) http://netpreserve.org/events/Hague/Presentations/OII-IIPC.pdf.• Charter on the Preservation of Digital Heritage: UNESCO http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php- URL_ID=17721&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html.• Talk to the hand by Swamibu - http://www.flickr.com/photos/swamibu/3052879559/ .• And more: http://www.delicious.com/re_dds/.Contact: T.deHaan@amsterdammuseum.nl