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We live in a global age comprising of endless diverse places. Understanding & explainingthis diversity is the mission of human geography. Identify the three fundamental areasof study.
The other half of geography is termed physical geography, ornatural geography. Explainthe areas of study in this realm.
And because of human modification and impact on the planet, environmental geography hasemerged as a newer dimension of geography. What issues might a geographer study inthis realm?
GEOGRAPHY IS UNIQUE AS A FIELD OF STUDY BECAUSE IT IS A HYBRIDOF THE SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES
TRADITIONS in GEOGRAPHYGeography is the study of Earth, including above and below the surface. Describe thechallenges confronting geographers with this task. Chicago geographer, W.D. Pattison,identified four areas of study to facilitate geographic research. Identify the fourtraditions, describe them, and provide an example for each tradition.
THE FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHYDuring the 1980’s, four U.S. geographical organizations collaborated to create andimplement the “Five Themes” of geography. The chief concern was geographicilliteracy in the U.S. These themes have become the cornerstone of geographicstudy.
LOCATION The first type of location studied by geographers is absolute location. Describe how geographers use this type of location. Identify occupations that would utilize absolute location.
Relative location, the second type oflocation, is the most commonly used ona daily basis by ordinary people.Consider how you would givedirections to someone.
Place is the second theme. Describe this theme. Identify the primarycharacteristics encompassing this theme. And apply this theme to Pittsburgh.
Human-Environmental Interaction is the third theme. People are constantly interacting with theirsurroundings. The two basic components of this theme are human adaptation, including “survivorman”Les Stroud adapting to various harsh physical environments …
…. and human modification. Provideexamples for each component.
An infamous example of a negative modification, albeit unintentional, was the disastrous nuclearaccident at Chernobyl in April, 1986. As you watch the clip, consider the following: How dangerous isthe area around the Chernobyl plant? How many years, at the very least, will the area be toodangerous for long-term human habitation?
Movement is the fourth theme of geography. The varied dimensions of this theme includeprimary modes of transportation for a given place, ….
…. the movements of significant groups of people, ….
Region is the fifth theme of geography. Geographers demarcate (divide) the world intoregions to better manage the study of the planet. Identify the characteristics thatgeographers would use to organize a region.
The organization of regions is a subjective task, with not all geographers agreeing onparameters.