Running Head: EVOLVING NEEDS OF COMMUNITY COLLEGE STUDENTS1 EVOLVING NEEDS OF COMMUNITY COLLEGE SUDENTS5 Evolving needs of Community College Students Students Name Institutional Affiliation Evolving Needs of Community College Students Historical Background Community colleges were initially not distinctly identified on their own. Until the Clinton reforms of community colleges in the 1980s, community colleges were no different from junior colleges. The programs and organizational culture were not as developed, and the student needs were rarely attended to in the diverse way that they are today (Gavazzi et al., 2018). Students were assumed to be homogenous, with either a low economic background or substantially flat academic prowess. After the recognition and reinstatement as accredited institutions of merit, community college missions changed and became more student-centered. The core programs were initially only vocational and for transfer to university purposes. Developmental education was not adequately developed, yet it contributed in a massive way to student retention and the student's ability to finish the program and progress to higher education. Community colleges have been very rigid in their approach to learning, governance, and even administration (Beach, 2011). Most of the changes that occur do not affect the entire institution but are marginalized to transform only a select few. These changes either influence a certain courses based on profitability or the trends in the business world, but rarely extend to other programs within the colleges. Fiscal policies in community colleges are primarily dependent on the federal government because community college facilities are supposed to encourage the most economically disadvantaged. Tuition is very low compared to the capacity building needed to run the institutions, and the result is that the community colleges suffer from an ultimate shortage in the facility and consolidated programs that undermine the skill sets offered to the students (O'Banion, 2019). Traditionally this has been crippling the system’s ability to change the approach in which the curriculum, administration and governance is run.It creates a shortage of staff for capacity building purposes and an overall decline in the quality of education offered within the institution. Current issues Current issues relating to students' evolving needs include student performances that have been diverse depending on factors such as program choice. Programs in health sciences, for instance, have seen a very consistent high-performance culture that has been aided by the level of competency that the students in the courses (Fugle & Falk, 2015). About 98 percent of the students in classes such as a physician assistant, physical and occupational therapy, radiologic technicians, and nursing assistance have seen a very high return on investment in terms of their absorption into the workforce or their progression into b.