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Learning Solutions Conf 2019 - Session 302 - xAPI for Instructional Designers

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Learning Solutions Conf 2019 - Session 302 - xAPI for Instructional Designers - Expanded deck to include both ID Models and learning ecosystem slides

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Learning Solutions Conf 2019 - Session 302 - xAPI for Instructional Designers

  1. 1. xAPI: An Intro for Instructional Designers Megan Torrance | mtorrance@torrancelearning.com Learning Solutions Conference Session 302 iStock_000015727078
  2. 2. Megan Torrance mtorrance@torrancelearning.com @MMTorrance | @xAPIGnome | @Tlearning
  3. 3. Where are you on your xAPI journey? iStock 000005088389
  4. 4. As an instructional designer … What is xAPI? How do I send data? What data do I send? Where do I send it? How do I keep it organized? How do I learn more?
  5. 5. Source: Khan Academy
  6. 6. Onboarding Plan BOnboarding Plan A Tour the campus & buildings Class: Your benefits & you Take a skills assessment Webinar: LMS & Your Learning Class: Finance 101 Rate your experience Elearning: Our Customers Observe the work process Receive coaching from a mentor Watch a video Follow a blog Read a book by an expert Elearning: Welcome & virtual tour Elearning: Log into LMS Elearning: Tour our Campus Class: Your benefits & you Class: Email and You Elearning: Who’s who Elearning: Our customers Class: Finance 101 Recorded webinar: Our LMS Part 1 Webinar: LMS & Your Learning Multiple choice test: Your Job Role Practice activities on work process Job shadow an experienced employee Class: Using the intranet
  7. 7. xAPI is … X = experience API = application programming interface Specification for sending, storing, retrieving activity about learning and performance experiences Not so much “next generation SCORM” as it is “what will replace SCORM.” Experience API is … Tin Can API is …
  8. 8. SCORM Time Score Location Status Answers Actor verb object Actor verb object context xAPI lego.com
  9. 9. Learning Record Provider Content Activity Statement Learning Record Store You Other & Legacy data Adobe Stock 158410923
  10. 10. Actor verb object Actor verb object result context Claire read Business Writing for ProfessionalsJohn practiced frosting birthday cakes Lindsey watched the Company History video Rashad completed Oil Change Upselling
  11. 11. Mohammed published a blog post titled “10 Ways xAPI is better than SCORM” Oron rated event xAPI for Instructional Designers 5 stars “coffee rocked, nice use of PowerPoint” with @MMTorrance Cynthia sold premium synthetic oil Ladan simulated landing at DTW successfully Arthi simulated landing at DTW successfully with a score of 98% in SimSuite #4 by Instructor Tim Claire read Business Writing for ProfessionalsJohn practiced frosting birthday cakes Lindsey watched the Company History video Rashad completed Oil Change Upselling Cynthia completed Oil Change Upselling score 60% Actor verb object result context
  12. 12. What can you do with xAPI? • Learn more about the learning experience – not just elearning • Learn more about the performance • Correlate learning with performance • Offer more targeted training • Support performance in better ways • Use data to learn with others • Compare performance and learning across learners • Deliver and track training outside of the LMS
  13. 13. Getting Started Adobe Stock 79551218
  14. 14. 5 ways to send the data Use your current elearning authoring tools Get your product vendor to send the data Use aggregator like xapiapps to assemble things that aren’t xAPI into a thing that is Write some custom code Import from business data
  15. 15. AUTHORING TOOLS Out of the box: • SCORM-like transactions • Individual page views • Actions and triggers (depends) With a little JavaScript or with xapi.ly: • Any action or trigger you want THIS LIST IS INCOMPLETE THIS LIST IS GROWING
  16. 16. OTHER ACTIVITY PROVIDERS Not really “authoring tools,” but very deep learning experiences, LMCSes, etc. that send xAPI data. THIS LIST IS INCOMPLETE THIS LIST IS GROWING
  17. 17. xapiapps
  18. 18. Tools that originate outside of the L&D space are starting to adopt xAPI … because someone asked! THIS LIST IS INCOMPLETE THIS LIST IS GROWING
  19. 19. That’s all well and good, but what data do I send?
  20. 20. ! Design a solution to meet stated needs ! Remove a kidney stone ! Provide verbal feedback to teammates ! Collect & enter data accurately ! Nail roof shingles safely Practice in Training Know . . . Business Goal that solves a Business Problem Adapted from: Cathy Moore
  21. 21. Kirkpatrick Levels of Training Evaluation + Cathy Moore 23 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 On the Job Behaviors ! Knowledge & Retention: Testing Business Results Level 1 Satisfaction & Experience
  22. 22. Brinkerhoff & Apking’s High Impact Learning Map Learning Objectives Critical Job Tasks Key Results Business Unit Results Organization Goals WHY? HOW?
  23. 23. Our brains are designed to forget 25 The Ebbinghaus forgetting curve https://www.learningsolutionsmag.com/articles/1400/brain- science-overcoming-the-forgetting-curve Spaced repetition “Boostering”
  24. 24. The 70/20/10 Learning from Others Learning from ExperienceFormal Learning We are here now
  25. 25. Gottfredson & Mosher’s (& Torrance’s) Moments of Learning Need & Opportunity 5 Moments of Learning Need: Gottfredson & Mosher 9 Moments of Opporunity: Torrance Apply New More Solve Change Before Prepare Remember Teach
  26. 26. Agile Project Management (LLAMA®) 28 A D I+E D I+E D DD D TIME
  27. 27. Got it. So where does the data go?
  28. 28. The Learning Record Store … receives, stores, gives back xAPI data … can be tested for conformance which ensures interoperability (https://adopters.adlnet.gov/) … is not a learning management system (LMS)
  29. 29. 2 ways to receive data: the Learning Record Store You send data to an LRS separate from an LMS. Your LMS has an LRS inside it.
  30. 30. A typical LMS today (and who has just one?!?!) Users Course s Enrollments SCOR M Data Reporting Courses Classe s Certs Badges SocialLearning Messaging Performance,Talenthooks Reporting Game s Sims Perf Supp Dash boards eCommerce Import/Export to Biz Data
  31. 31. The integrated approach Users Course s Enrollments SCOR M Data Reporting Courses Classe s Certs Badges SocialLearning Messaging Performance,Talenthooks Reporting Game s Sims Perf Supp Dash boards eCommerce Import/Export to Biz Data LRS SCOR M data
  32. 32. The managed ecosystem approach Users Courses Classe s eCommerce LRS Dash Boards Game s Sims Perf Supp Report s Social Performance, Talent Biz Data Other LRSes LMS Intranet Biz Data IoTwww.
  33. 33. The sidecar approach Users Course s Enrollments SCOR M Data Reporting Courses Classe s Certs Badges SocialLearning Messaging Performance,Talenthooks Reporting Game s Sims Perf Supp Dash boards eCommerce Import/Export to Biz Data Learning Record Provider Learning Record Provider LRS
  34. 34. The LMS(es) as secondary 36 Learning Record Provider Learning Record Provider LRS Learning Record Provider
  35. 35. + Data Warehousin g & Business Intelligence 37 Data
  36. 36. Financ e Sales Market- ing Operati ons Legal HR Recruit -ing Supply Chain … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 38
  37. 37. LEARNING RECORD STORES Out of the box: • Data storage & retrieval • Visualizations & reporting Connecting to analytics • Tableau, Microsoft BI, Envision BI, etc. UP TO DATE LIST OF CONFORMANT LRS: https://adopters.adlnet.gov/ THIS LIST IS INCOMPLETE THIS LIST IS GROWING 39
  38. 38. LMSes WITH LRS INSIDE Out of the box: • Learning management functions • SCORM & AICC • Full xAPI LRS • Data includes both LMS & xAPI UP TO DATE LIST OF CONFORMANT LRS: https://adopters.adlnet.gov/ THIS LIST IS INCOMPLETE THIS LIST IS GROWING LearnShare 40
  39. 39. LMSes WITH “xAPI SUPPORT” These are non-conformant LRSes. Out of the box: • Learning management functions • SCORM & AICC • Launch &/or store xAPI They may struggle with: • Accepting statements from outside the LMS • Reporting data in extensions THIS LIST IS INCOMPLETE THIS LIST IS GROWING 41
  40. 40. LMSes THAT CONNECT TO YOUR LRS These systems are learning record providers. What you can expect: • xAPI statements from courses & experiences • Non-SCORM LMS activity, too • To buy an LRS also THIS LIST IS INCOMPLETE THIS LIST IS GROWING 42
  41. 41. How do I make sure that the data isn’t a total mess?
  42. 42. Actor verb object result context mtorrance@torrancelearning.com mtorrrrance@torrancelearning.com mmtorrance@gmail.com mmtorrance mmtorrance (on learning.acme.com) @MMTorrance 6822984230
  43. 43. Follow a guide: http://xapi.vocab.pub Use profiles Make up your own Actor verb object result context
  44. 44. Create & organize unique identifiers (not actual URLs) Follow a guide to activity types: http://xapi.vocab.pub Know what your software sends https://acme.com/xapi/activities/elearning/coursetitle/moduletitle/activityname https://acme.com/xapi/activities/video/videotitle https://acme.com/xapi/activities/ebook/ebooktitle https://acme.com/xapi/curricula/curriculumtitle Sample structure Actor verb object result context
  45. 45. Use profiles: http://xapi.vocab.pub Store activity result data Authoring packages should do this already for you Actor verb object result context
  46. 46. Use profiles: http://xapi.vocab.pub Parents, Categories, Grouping help keep you organized Make up your own Actor verb object result context
  47. 47. What can you do with the data? Evaluate & improve the learning experience Dashboards and visualizations for decision- making Personalization of pathways Recommendations for content Action triggers & rules
  48. 48. Take 2 aspirin… Adobe Stock 63038227
  49. 49. Find your collaborators . Make friends with your software vendors. LearnShare
  50. 50. Start learning more … xAPI Camp xAPI Hands-On & Geek-Free ATD LearnNow Learning Solutions Magazine xAPI Learning Cohort www.learnxapi.com Vendor sites
  51. 51. Get started! www.torrancelearning.com/xapi- cohort Free 12-week, vendor-neutral learning-by-doing-in-teams experience. Weekly web meetings 2-3pm ET (recorded). Winter/Spring & Fall Ad hoc teams form to tackle a project together and provide weekly report- outs.
  52. 52. Megan Torrance mtorrance@torrancelearning.com @MMTorrance | @xAPIGnome | @Tlearning Questions & Thoughts? 54
  53. 53. FORMING STORMING NORMING PERFORMING xAPI needs geeks Geek-free tools emerge Communities of Practice work to define usage Conformance & Certification emerge Project Tin Can Specification Standard More common than SCORM Is xAPI ready for prime time?

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