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ICT as a driver for change in East Africa?

Citizens can, and do, effectively use ICTs to monitor and pressure governments in East Africa.

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ICT as a driver for change in East Africa?

  1. 1. ICT as a Driver for Change in East Africa? Rakesh Rajani Head, Twaweza Open Government Partnership 17 April 2012, Brasilia
  2. 2. Twawezaimagination. citizen agency. public action.
  3. 3. People drive governance reforms, not ICTs
  4. 4. UwezoEvery year, 140,000+ children education level assessmentall districts in Kenya, Tanzania, UgandaTaking action without experts www.uwezo.net
  5. 5. Uwezo Tanzania 2011
  6. 6. Secondary School Capitation Grant Called 100 head teachers, asked “Did funding reach your school?” 1 week, few hundred dollars
  7. 7. Secondary School Capitation Grant Schools that received the capitation grant as required by January 31, 2011 7% Received capitation grant Did not receive capitation grant 93% Source of data: HakiElimu/Twaweza
  8. 8. Secondary School Capitation Grant Anticipated Vs actual Capitation grant sent from Treasury to LGAs in January 2011 12,000 10,000 10,000 8,000TZS per pupil 6,000 4,000 2,000 390 - Anticipated Disbursed Source of data: Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs
  9. 9. Secondary School Capitation Grant Impact? The Government released mostfunding to schools
  10. 10. Urban Water Kiosks 1 volunteer, 1 week visited 40 randomly selected kisoks Large public debate
  11. 11. Urban Water KiosksWater kiosks (not) following EWURA’s order to publicly display the official water tariff (n=25) 8% Posting tariff in accordance with EWURA order Not posting tariff in defiance of EWURA order 92%
  12. 12. Shillings per 20 liters 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200Keko Magurumbasi B Tip Top 30 30Mabibo Kwa Cassian Keko Mwanga A Keko Molemo Mabibo Relini Ali Maua ‘B’ 50 50 50 50 50 Kigogo Landa Bar 70 Official tariff set by EWURAMabibo kwa Kikanzo Ubungo Maziwa Mkunduge Mtogole Ali Maua ‘A’ Manzese Midizini 100 100 100 100 100 100 Tandale UzuriTandale kwa Tumbo Tandale Yemen Manzese Uzuri Urban Water Kiosks Tandale Mafichoni Prices charged at various water kiosks for 20 liters Mivuleni ‘A’ Mwembe Mkole Mivuleni ‘B’ Manzese Kilimani Manzese Kiembeni 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 Manzese Bakhresa 200
  13. 13. Citizens can, and do,effectively use ICTs to monitor and pressuregovernments
  14. 14. Wananchi SurveyWeekly mobile phone survey of East African citizensQuick, simple, constant bottom-up feedback informing policy
  15. 15. The Real Power: People using ICTsEcosystem of Ideas and Information

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