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TX History Ch 9.2

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TX History Ch 9.2

  1. 1. Chapter 9: Life in Early Texas Section 2: Daily Life on the Frontier
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>Define “self-sufficient” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Settlers in Texas learned many skills because they had to do so many things for themselves.
  4. 4. Frontier Homes <ul><li>Had to rely on materials on hand </li></ul><ul><li>South and West—many Tejanos lived in flat-roofed adobe or stone houses </li></ul>
  5. 5. Frontier Homes <ul><li>Jacales—small huts made of sticks and mud </li></ul><ul><li>Log cabins built where lumber trees were plentiful </li></ul>Modern-day replica of a log cabin
  6. 6. Frontier Homes <ul><li>Dogtrot Cabin —log homes with two rooms separated by an open passage; type of shelter found in early settlements </li></ul>
  7. 9. Frontier Homes <ul><li>Settlers furnished items in home </li></ul><ul><li>Furnishings were simple, sturdy, and handmade </li></ul><ul><li>Some furnishings both beautiful and functional—quilts </li></ul>
  8. 10. Frontier Homes <ul><li>Quilting Bees —quilting groups </li></ul>
  9. 11. Clothing in Early Texas <ul><li>Settlers used local materials to make clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Leather clothing common </li></ul>
  10. 12. Clothing in Early Texas <ul><li>Buckskin —tanned deer hide </li></ul>Buckskin Clothing
  11. 13. Clothing in Early Texas <ul><li>By the 1830s homespun cotton replaced buckskin </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton used for dresses, bonnets, shirts, and suits </li></ul><ul><li>Ponchos: cotton blankets with a slit for the head </li></ul>
  12. 14. Clothing in Early Texas <ul><li>Ready-to-wear clothing becomes available as Texas towns grow </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive due to shipping costs </li></ul>
  13. 15. Clothing in Early Texas <ul><li>Even after stores began to import ready-to-wear clothing, most Texans continued making their own. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Frontier Foods <ul><li>Self-reliant for food </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers depended on crops, livestock, and wild game </li></ul>
  15. 17. Frontier Foods <ul><li>Most settlers grew corn </li></ul><ul><li>Grew well in Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to harvest and prepare, nutritious </li></ul>
  16. 18. Frontier Foods <ul><li>Learned to prepare corn from the Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Roasted or boiled corn on the cob </li></ul><ul><li>Made cornmeal—used to make tortillas or corn bread </li></ul>
  17. 19. Frontier Foods <ul><li>Corn used for feeding livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Used for fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Even used for items such as back scratchers, bottle stoppers, and fishing floats </li></ul>
  18. 20. How is corn being used for fuel today? Ethanol
  19. 21. Frontier Foods <ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Wild fruits sometimes available </li></ul><ul><li>Pecans grew along many rivers </li></ul>
  20. 22. Frontier Foods <ul><li>Settler’s typical meal: fried meat, cornbread, and black coffee </li></ul><ul><li>Common meats: beef, pork, and venison </li></ul><ul><li>Fish common around rivers and coastal areas </li></ul>
  21. 23. Frontier Foods <ul><li>Venison —deer meat </li></ul>
  22. 24. Religion in Early Texas <ul><li>Roman Catholicism was the official religion of Mexico </li></ul>
  23. 25. Religion in Early Texas <ul><li>Most settlers in Texas were Protestant and unwilling to change their beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Protestants would publicly declare they supported the Catholic Church, but privately worshipped how they pleased. </li></ul>
  24. 26. Religion in Early Texas <ul><li>No organized Protestant churches existed in Texas under Mexican rule </li></ul><ul><li>Protestant activity did occur—traveling preachers, camp meetings, Sunday schools </li></ul>
  25. 27. Religion in Early Texas <ul><li>Thomas J. Pilgrim —organized a Protestant Sunday school in 1829 </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican officials usually ignored such activity </li></ul>
  26. 28. Education on the Frontier <ul><li>Protestant teachers opened private schools </li></ul><ul><li>Frances Trask —opened a boarding school for girls in 1835 </li></ul>
  27. 29. Education on the Frontier <ul><li>Education limited to home schooling or small private schools </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy Texans would send children to U.S. schools </li></ul>
  28. 30. Education on the Frontier <ul><li>Coahuila y Texas constitution provided for the creation of a public school system </li></ul><ul><li>Few towns had the funds for a school </li></ul><ul><li>Capable teachers in short supply </li></ul>
  29. 31. Education on the Frontier <ul><li>1836: Texas had more than 20 schools </li></ul><ul><li>Most children did not have access to education </li></ul><ul><li>Demands of farm life kept many children in the fields </li></ul>