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Japanese occupation

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Japanese occupation

  1. 1. Unit 2 :S’pore Duringthe Japanese Occupation
  2. 2. What we’ll be doing ? problems faced by the people in S’pore during the Japanese Occupation measures taken by the Japanese to control the people in S’pore the importance of cooperation during difficult times
  3. 3. What does the word ‘freedom’ means to you?
  4. 4. What happened after the British surrendered? Lt Gen Yamashita (seated, centre) thumps the table with his fist to emphasize his terms – unconditional surrender. Lt. Gen Percival. sits between his officers, his clenched hand to his mouth.
  5. 5. Singapore was renamedSyonan-to which means ‘Light of the South’ People in S’pore suffered in Japanese. & lived in constant fear. 16 Feb 1942 The Japanese OccupationJapanese make their way lasted to the Victory Parade 3 and a half years. at the Padang. (Feb 1942 to Sept 1945)
  6. 6. What was the first thing the Japanese didwhen they took control of S’pore?
  7. 7. Imprisoned the Europeans Malay & Indian soldiers and the Australians were to pledge their loyalty in S’pore. to Japan at Farrer Park They were kept in Soldiers became prison camps like prisoner-of-war. Changi Prison, (POWs) Selarang Barracks and Sime Road Camp.
  8. 8. Life as POWsHarsh treatment.Often tortured and forced to work. very little to eat. led to poor health and death.Where did they gettheir nutrients? Grind lallang and drank the juice
  9. 9. How did the Japanese maintain law and order in Singapore?
  10. 10. Law & Order took harsh action to control the people. those who were caught looting were shot and beheaded. heads were then displayed at Dhoby Ghaut, Anderson Bridge and Kallang Bridge.
  11. 11. The Japanese Military Police known as ‘Kempeitai’ ‘Kempeitai’ ‘Kempeitai’ old & new
  12. 12. KempeitaiFeared by all people.Had spies all over. encouraged people to provide information on the anti-Japanese . those informants were rewarded. suspects would be taken to Kempeitai centre at YMCA building at Orchard Road. people were tortured or imprisoned for imprisonment months or years. imprisonment
  13. 13. ‘ Sook Ching ’ In Chinese means‘ purge through cleansing’ In Japanese,‘dai kensho’ = great inspection
  14. 14. Sook ChingJapanese began to turned their attention to the Chinese .Chinese men from aged 18 to 50 were ordered to report to ‘ registration camps ’. No food, water and shelter were provided. Had to line up in front of Japanese soldiers to be examined. No standard procedure .
  15. 15. Sook Ching‘ Lucky ones ’ were stamped with the Chinese character ‘ jian ’ on their face, arm, shoulder or clothing. Some got it stamped on a piece of paper . (Pg 28) Others were taken to various beaches (Changi or Punggol) in S’pore and never returned . Sook Ching
  16. 16. Sook Ching Centre Monument at Hong LimComplex - Chinatown
  17. 17. What did the Japanese doto control over the people?
  18. 18. How Japanese treated other Death Railwayraces ?People were made to bow to Japanese soldiers. Malay Europeans, Indian Australians, Chinese, Indian & Eurasians arrested and sent to built the Burma-Thailand Railway . were sent to join the Indian National Army to fight against the British.
  19. 19. JapaneseControl Japanese wanted to make people in Singapore more loyal to Japan.  Made people speak, think and behave like Japanese. Set up school to teach Japanese. Every morning, the children had to stand facing the direction of Japan and sing the Japanese national anthem ~ Kimigayo . Only Japanese movies could be shown in cinemas.
  20. 20. JapaneseControlTook over control of the radio stations and the newspapers.The Shonan Times and later changes from to Syonan Jit Poh Radio owners could only listen to programmes allowed by the Japanese. Japanese festivals were celebrated in Singapore.
  21. 21. Effects of the JapaneseOccupation on the people
  22. 22. Effects of JapaneseOccupation Shortage of food.  many people experienced hunger. Rice, salt and sugar were controlled. People were given a ration card each. Limited amount of food each person could buy. No ration card = could not get any provisions ration Ration card
  23. 23. Effects of JapaneseOccupation Shortage of food.  many people experienced hunger. Rice, salt and sugar were controlled. People were given a ration card each. Limited amount of food each person could buy. No ration card = could not get any provisions
  24. 24. Effects of Japanese OccupationShortage of food led to the development of a black market . Black marketeers would sit by roadside stalls Sungei Road also known as Robinson Petang . People had to pay high price for provisions, e.g. milk It did not affect the Japanese as they had the best of everything.
  25. 25. Effects of JapaneseOccupation Many people began to grow sweet potatoes
  26. 26. Effects of JapaneseOccupation Many people began to grow sweet potatoes and tapioca.
  27. 27. Effects of JapaneseOccupation Many people began to grow sweet potatoes and tapioca. ???? Can you think of some dishes made from tapioca and sweet potato.
  28. 28. Effects of JapaneseOccupation Many people began to grow sweet potatoes and tapioca. ???? Can you think of some dishes made from tapioca and sweet potato.
  29. 29. Effects of Japanese OccupationPeople suffered from malnutrition and diseases. Shortage of medicines. Due to scarcity of goods, prices of things went up very high. Item Dec 1942 Dec 1944 ($) ($) 600 g of rice 0.50 8.20 An egg 0.10 1.25 600g of sugar 0.85 18
  30. 30. Effects of JapaneseOccupation Japanese also printed banana money to replace the Malayan dollar. banana money
  31. 31. Effects of Japanese Occupation It worsen the situation. Whenever the Japanese needed more money, they printed more notes. As a result, there were lots of banana notes and their value dropped. Example : a used towel could fetch as much as $ 300 worth of banana notes.
  32. 32. End ofthe Japanese Occupation on the people
  33. 33. End of Japanese Occupation War ended on 15 August 1945. Japanese surrendered to the British. People could not forget the traumatic experience. People in Singapore learned to be strong during the hard times. Hiroshima Atomic Bomb (animated) Hiroshima Atomic Bomb (video)
  34. 34. Now, let’s practice do it ourselves … Activity Book 5A Activity 5 Pg 12 & 13
  35. 35. Tentyo-Setu Celebrations What were the people celebrating?Ans : They were celebrating the JapaneseEmperor’s birthday.
  36. 36. Tentyo-Setu CelebrationsWhy do you think the people in Singapore were celebrating a Japanese festival?Ans : The people of Singapore were forcedto join in the celebration.
  37. 37. Man and son picking up rice grains What do you think they were feeling?Ans : They were starving. Why do you think they were doing this?Ans : They did not have enough money tobuy food. The price of food went up veryquickly, so they could not afford the pay forit.
  38. 38. Price of GoodsWhat happened to the price of goods during the Japanese Occupation?Ans : The prices were very high andincreased very quickly.
  39. 39. Prisoners-of-War (POWs) How the Japanese Occupation affect the prisoners-of-war?Ans : Most of the POWs were Britishsoldiers. They were kept in prisons and weretortured and forced to work.
  40. 40. ConclusionWhat can you conclude about the effects ofthe Japanese Occupation on S’pore and its people?Ans : Life in Singapore during the JapaneseOccupation was tough and miserable.

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