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Slovenia’s share of installed renewable capacity amounts to almost 10 percent of the total installed electricity
capacity. However, the technical potential – particularly for solar power – if fully exploited would be more than
five times as much than the current total installed capacity. To increase its share in renewable energy electricity
production, the Government of Slovenia promotes electricity generated from renewable sources with a feed-in
tariff. Eligible is electricity produced from wind, solar, geothermal, biogas, biomass and hydropower plants. The
maximum eligibility period for the feed-in tariff is 15 years and it applies only to plants with an installed capacity
Slovenia
Sources: EBRD (2009); ESHA (2011); EWEA (2013); EurObserv’Er (2013); Knez and Jereb (2013); Obtrecht et al. (2011); Domjan (2009);
World Bank (2014); EC (2013); Renewable Facts (2013); EIA (2013); SRS NET & EEE (2008); Hoogwijk and Graus (2008); Hoogwijk
(2004); JRC (2011); and UNDP calculations.
R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y S N A P S H O T :
Key information about renewable energy in Slovenia
Empowered lives.
Resilient nations.
9.9%
RE Share
3,376 MW
Total Installed Capacity
Biomass Solar PV Wind Small Hydro
0 217.4 0 1181
700 19,200 600 300
335 MW
Installed RE Capacity
Electricity Generating
Capacity 2012
Installed Renewable Electricity
Capacity 2012 in MW
Technical Potential for Installed
Renewable Electricity Capacity in MW
1 Value is from 2011
General Country
Information
Population: 2,058,152
Surface Area: 20,270 km²
Capital City: Ljubljana
GDP (2012): $ 45.3 billion
GDP Per Capita (2012): $ 22,001
WB Ease of Doing Business: 33
of less than 5 MW. However, renewable energy power plants up to 125 MW may apply for a feed-in premium.
The premium is calculated by reference costs of electricity per technology, the reference market price and a fixed
correction factor.4
For example, wind power plants between 10 MW and 125 MW power capacity can receive a
premium of €43.18/MW-h, which is added to the market price (ResLegal, 2013).5
In theWorld Bank’s ease of Doing
Business index, Slovenia is ranked in 33rd
position (IFC & World Bank, 2014).
As a member state of the European Union, Slovenia has committed itself, in accordance with EU Directive
2009/28/EC, to a national binding target of 25 percent share of renewable energy in the gross final energy con-
sumption by 2020 (Republic of Slovenia, 2010).The Energy Act, last amended in 2012, is the main legal document
defining the basic principles for energy policy and the energy market. Together with the Decree on the Issue of
Certificates for Energy Generation Plants and the Decree on Support for Electricity Generated from Renewable
Energy Sources, it also defines eligibility, procedure and the amount of renewable energy promotion with feed-
in tariffs and premium. There are also other renewable energy promotion instruments. Renewable energy de-
velopers enjoy prioritized access to the grid. Slovenia offers tax exemption for foreign investments of up to 40
percent of the amount invested. The corporate tax rate is generally relatively low at 17 percent, and is expected
to be reduced to 15 percent in 2015 (Invest Slovenia, 2013). Loans and grants for renewable energy investment
are available.The Energy Agency grants licences for activity in the energy sector, e.g. energy generation, and de-
cides whether renewable energy producers are eligible for the feed-in tariff or the premium.
Legislation and policy
R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y S N A P S H O T :
Source: Government of the Republic of Slovenia (2012)
Feed-in tariff in Slovenia2
Eligible technologies Additional constraint Installed capacity Tariff granted in
€/MW-h
Wind <5 MW 95.38
Solar3
Building integrated/other
Building integrated/other
Building integrated/other
<50 KW
<1 MW
<5 MW
122.57/ 115.16
112.10 / 106.1
93.01/ 85.54
Hydro <50 KW
<1 MW
<5 MW
105.47
92.61
82.34
Biomass At least 90 percent of the products used
must be from wood
<50 KW
<1 MW
<5 MW
By individual case
224.35
167.43
2 Electricity produced from biomass and geothermal power plants is also eligible for the feed-in tariff (ResLegal, 2013).
3 The tariffs for solar power in the table reflect the tariffs that were applicable in October 2013. Tariffs for solar power plants are
subject to monthly recalculation due to applied degression.
4 A detailed overview of the feed-in premium is given in the Decree on Support for Electricity Generated from Renewable Energy
Source (link provided in the sources).
5 Assuming a reference market price of electricity of €0.0566 per kW-h in 2013.
Slovenia
Institutions
Organization Responsibility Website
The Ministry of the Economy - Shapes the overall national policy and strategy in the
energy sector
www.mgrt.gov.si/en/
Energy Agency Slovenia - Energy market regulator, responsible for licencing in
the energy sector
- Responsible for granting feed-in tariff and premium
www.agen-rs.si/en/
BORZEN - Power Market Operator provides and facilitate coor-
dinated operation of the Slovenian electricity system
- Via the internal centre for RES/CHP it operates the
support scheme for the generation of energy from
RES
www.borzen.si/
ELES - State owned Transmission System Operator responsi-
ble for electricity transmission and management of
the national grid
www.investslovenia.org/
Invest Slovenia - As part of Slovenian Public Agency for Entrepreneur-
ship, Innovation, Development, Investment and
Tourism Investment Agency, responsible to attract,
consult and facilitate potential investors
www.investslovenia.org/
Opportunities to finance renewable energy projects in Slovenia
Financing organization Details Website
Eko sklad The Environmental Fund of the Republic of Slovenia
awards low-interest loans to renewable energy proj-
ects through a tendering process. There is a current
call for applications to subsidize the reconstruction
and renovation of renewable energy plants. Eligible
investors include private and public legal entities and
individuals in Slovenia. The maximum loan is for €24
million for municipalities, enterprises and other legal
entities (15 years credit period) and €5 million for resi-
dents (10 years credit period).
www.ekosklad.si/
Subsidy Scheme
of the Ministry
for Infrastructure
The Ministry for Infrastructure and Spatial Planning
awards subsidies through a tendering process to com-
panies that invest in energy efficiency, renewable en-
ergy and combined heating and power projects.
These cover a maximum of 50 percent of an invest-
ment project’s eligible costs.
www.mzip.gov.si/
Slovenia
References
Domjan, S., 2009: Country Study on Political Framework
and Availability of Biomass. Available at: www.central
2013.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/Downloads/outputlib/
4biomass_country_study_ Slovenia.pdf
EurObserv’Er, 2013:The State of Renewable Energies in
Europe, Edition 2012. Available at: www.energies-
renouvelables.org/observ-er/stat_baro/barobilan/
barobilan12.pdf
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
(EBRD), 2009: Slovenia – Country Profile. Available at:
http://ws2-23.myloadspring.com/sites/renew/
countries/slovenia/profile.aspx
EuropeanCommission(EC),2013:EUEnergyinFigures-
StatisticalPocketBook2013.Availableat:http://ec.europa.
eu/energy/publications/doc/2013_pocketbook.pdf
EuropeanWind Energy Association (EWEA), 2013:
Annual Report 2012. Available at:
www.ewea.org/fileadmin/files/library/publications/
reports/EWEA_Annual_Report_2012.pdf
Government of the Republic of Slovenia, 2012: Decree
on Support for Electricity Generated from Renewable
Energy Sources. Available at:
www.mzip.gov.si/fileadmin/mzip.gov.si/pageuploads/
Energetika/Sprejeti_predpisi/RES_ENG.pdf
Hoogwijk, M., 2004: On the global and regional
potential of renewable energy sources. Utrecht:
Universiteit Utrecht, Faculteit Scheikunde. Dissertation.
Available at: http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/
dissertations/2004-0309-123617/full.pdf
Hoogwiijk, M. andW. Graus, 2008: Global Potential of
Renewable Energy Sources: A Literature Assessment.
Available at: www.ecofys.com/files/files
/report_global_potential_of_renewable_energy_
sources_a_literature_assessment.pdf
International Finance Corporation (IFC) andWorld Bank,
2014: Doing Business – Measuring Business
Regulations. Available at: www.doingbusiness.org
/data/exploreeconomies/slovenia/
Invest Slovenia, 2013: Fiscal Incentives – CorporateTax.
Available at: www.investslovenia.org/business-
environment/incentives/fiscal-incentives/
Joint Research Centre of the European Commission
(JRC), 2011:Technical Assessment of the Renewable
Energy Action Plans. Available at:
http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/jrc/downloads/jrc_reference
_report_2011_reap.pdf
Knez, M., and B. Jereb, 2013: Solar power plants –
Alternative sustainable approach to greener
environment: A case of Slovenia. In: Sustainable Cities
and Society, 6: 27-32
Obtrecht, M., Furjan, P., and M. Delcnjak, 2011:
Evaluation and Analysis of Renewable Energy Sources
Potential in Slovenia and its Compatibility Examination
with Slovenian National Renewable Energy Action Plan.
Presented atWord Energy Congress 2011 Sweden.
Available at:
www.ep.liu.se/ecp/057/vol10/019/ecp57vol10_019.pdf
Renewable energy policy database and support
(ResLegal), 2013: An initiative of the European
Commission – Romania. Available at: www.res-legal.eu
Renewable Facts, 2013: Slovenia. Available at:
www.renewablefacts.com/country/slovenia
Republic of Slovenia, 2010: National Renewable Energy
Action Plan 2010 – 2020 Slovenia. Available at: http://
ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/action_plan_en.htm
Scientific Reference System on New Energy
Technologies, Energy End-use Efficiency and Energy
(SRS NET & EEE), 2008:WP3-Technology data - Executive
Summary on Small Hydro. Available at:
http://srs.epu.ntua.gr/Portals/SRS/material/
technologyreview/Small%20Hydro.pdf
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), 2013:
Levelized Cost of New Generation Resources in the
Annual Energy Outlook 2013. Available at:
www.eia.gov/forecasts/aeo/electricity_generation.cfm
World Bank, 2014: Data Catalog. Available at:
http://datacatalog.worldbank.org/
Recent projects
Company Project Status
KPV Solar GmbH (Austria) Operates 5.704 MW solar photovoltaic power plants
(ground mounted and roof-top installations).
Commissioned
Financing organization Details Website
EU Means
- European Investment Fund
(EIF)
- European Investment Bank
(EIB)
- Structural Funds
Loans and guarantees through commercial banks as
Intermediaries (e.g. Banka Koper, Banka Celje) and pri-
vate equity/venture capital are available.
www.europa.eu/youreurope/business/fi-
nance-support/access-to-finance/
International
Finance Corporation
With investment (equity, loans and other financial in-
struments) and advisory services, IFC supports may
still support investment in which private financing re-
mains limited.
www.ifc.org/
European Bank
for Reconstruction
and Development (EBRD)
Provides renewable energy developers with equity,
loans and loan guarantees for projects with good
commercial prospects of up to 15 years’duration.
www.ebrd.com/pages/workingwithus/pro
jects.shtml

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Slovenia

  • 1. Slovenia’s share of installed renewable capacity amounts to almost 10 percent of the total installed electricity capacity. However, the technical potential – particularly for solar power – if fully exploited would be more than five times as much than the current total installed capacity. To increase its share in renewable energy electricity production, the Government of Slovenia promotes electricity generated from renewable sources with a feed-in tariff. Eligible is electricity produced from wind, solar, geothermal, biogas, biomass and hydropower plants. The maximum eligibility period for the feed-in tariff is 15 years and it applies only to plants with an installed capacity Slovenia Sources: EBRD (2009); ESHA (2011); EWEA (2013); EurObserv’Er (2013); Knez and Jereb (2013); Obtrecht et al. (2011); Domjan (2009); World Bank (2014); EC (2013); Renewable Facts (2013); EIA (2013); SRS NET & EEE (2008); Hoogwijk and Graus (2008); Hoogwijk (2004); JRC (2011); and UNDP calculations. R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y S N A P S H O T : Key information about renewable energy in Slovenia Empowered lives. Resilient nations. 9.9% RE Share 3,376 MW Total Installed Capacity Biomass Solar PV Wind Small Hydro 0 217.4 0 1181 700 19,200 600 300 335 MW Installed RE Capacity Electricity Generating Capacity 2012 Installed Renewable Electricity Capacity 2012 in MW Technical Potential for Installed Renewable Electricity Capacity in MW 1 Value is from 2011 General Country Information Population: 2,058,152 Surface Area: 20,270 km² Capital City: Ljubljana GDP (2012): $ 45.3 billion GDP Per Capita (2012): $ 22,001 WB Ease of Doing Business: 33
  • 2. of less than 5 MW. However, renewable energy power plants up to 125 MW may apply for a feed-in premium. The premium is calculated by reference costs of electricity per technology, the reference market price and a fixed correction factor.4 For example, wind power plants between 10 MW and 125 MW power capacity can receive a premium of €43.18/MW-h, which is added to the market price (ResLegal, 2013).5 In theWorld Bank’s ease of Doing Business index, Slovenia is ranked in 33rd position (IFC & World Bank, 2014). As a member state of the European Union, Slovenia has committed itself, in accordance with EU Directive 2009/28/EC, to a national binding target of 25 percent share of renewable energy in the gross final energy con- sumption by 2020 (Republic of Slovenia, 2010).The Energy Act, last amended in 2012, is the main legal document defining the basic principles for energy policy and the energy market. Together with the Decree on the Issue of Certificates for Energy Generation Plants and the Decree on Support for Electricity Generated from Renewable Energy Sources, it also defines eligibility, procedure and the amount of renewable energy promotion with feed- in tariffs and premium. There are also other renewable energy promotion instruments. Renewable energy de- velopers enjoy prioritized access to the grid. Slovenia offers tax exemption for foreign investments of up to 40 percent of the amount invested. The corporate tax rate is generally relatively low at 17 percent, and is expected to be reduced to 15 percent in 2015 (Invest Slovenia, 2013). Loans and grants for renewable energy investment are available.The Energy Agency grants licences for activity in the energy sector, e.g. energy generation, and de- cides whether renewable energy producers are eligible for the feed-in tariff or the premium. Legislation and policy R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y S N A P S H O T : Source: Government of the Republic of Slovenia (2012) Feed-in tariff in Slovenia2 Eligible technologies Additional constraint Installed capacity Tariff granted in €/MW-h Wind <5 MW 95.38 Solar3 Building integrated/other Building integrated/other Building integrated/other <50 KW <1 MW <5 MW 122.57/ 115.16 112.10 / 106.1 93.01/ 85.54 Hydro <50 KW <1 MW <5 MW 105.47 92.61 82.34 Biomass At least 90 percent of the products used must be from wood <50 KW <1 MW <5 MW By individual case 224.35 167.43 2 Electricity produced from biomass and geothermal power plants is also eligible for the feed-in tariff (ResLegal, 2013). 3 The tariffs for solar power in the table reflect the tariffs that were applicable in October 2013. Tariffs for solar power plants are subject to monthly recalculation due to applied degression. 4 A detailed overview of the feed-in premium is given in the Decree on Support for Electricity Generated from Renewable Energy Source (link provided in the sources). 5 Assuming a reference market price of electricity of €0.0566 per kW-h in 2013.
  • 3. Slovenia Institutions Organization Responsibility Website The Ministry of the Economy - Shapes the overall national policy and strategy in the energy sector www.mgrt.gov.si/en/ Energy Agency Slovenia - Energy market regulator, responsible for licencing in the energy sector - Responsible for granting feed-in tariff and premium www.agen-rs.si/en/ BORZEN - Power Market Operator provides and facilitate coor- dinated operation of the Slovenian electricity system - Via the internal centre for RES/CHP it operates the support scheme for the generation of energy from RES www.borzen.si/ ELES - State owned Transmission System Operator responsi- ble for electricity transmission and management of the national grid www.investslovenia.org/ Invest Slovenia - As part of Slovenian Public Agency for Entrepreneur- ship, Innovation, Development, Investment and Tourism Investment Agency, responsible to attract, consult and facilitate potential investors www.investslovenia.org/ Opportunities to finance renewable energy projects in Slovenia Financing organization Details Website Eko sklad The Environmental Fund of the Republic of Slovenia awards low-interest loans to renewable energy proj- ects through a tendering process. There is a current call for applications to subsidize the reconstruction and renovation of renewable energy plants. Eligible investors include private and public legal entities and individuals in Slovenia. The maximum loan is for €24 million for municipalities, enterprises and other legal entities (15 years credit period) and €5 million for resi- dents (10 years credit period). www.ekosklad.si/ Subsidy Scheme of the Ministry for Infrastructure The Ministry for Infrastructure and Spatial Planning awards subsidies through a tendering process to com- panies that invest in energy efficiency, renewable en- ergy and combined heating and power projects. These cover a maximum of 50 percent of an invest- ment project’s eligible costs. www.mzip.gov.si/
  • 4. Slovenia References Domjan, S., 2009: Country Study on Political Framework and Availability of Biomass. Available at: www.central 2013.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/Downloads/outputlib/ 4biomass_country_study_ Slovenia.pdf EurObserv’Er, 2013:The State of Renewable Energies in Europe, Edition 2012. Available at: www.energies- renouvelables.org/observ-er/stat_baro/barobilan/ barobilan12.pdf European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), 2009: Slovenia – Country Profile. Available at: http://ws2-23.myloadspring.com/sites/renew/ countries/slovenia/profile.aspx EuropeanCommission(EC),2013:EUEnergyinFigures- StatisticalPocketBook2013.Availableat:http://ec.europa. eu/energy/publications/doc/2013_pocketbook.pdf EuropeanWind Energy Association (EWEA), 2013: Annual Report 2012. Available at: www.ewea.org/fileadmin/files/library/publications/ reports/EWEA_Annual_Report_2012.pdf Government of the Republic of Slovenia, 2012: Decree on Support for Electricity Generated from Renewable Energy Sources. Available at: www.mzip.gov.si/fileadmin/mzip.gov.si/pageuploads/ Energetika/Sprejeti_predpisi/RES_ENG.pdf Hoogwijk, M., 2004: On the global and regional potential of renewable energy sources. Utrecht: Universiteit Utrecht, Faculteit Scheikunde. Dissertation. Available at: http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/ dissertations/2004-0309-123617/full.pdf Hoogwiijk, M. andW. Graus, 2008: Global Potential of Renewable Energy Sources: A Literature Assessment. Available at: www.ecofys.com/files/files /report_global_potential_of_renewable_energy_ sources_a_literature_assessment.pdf International Finance Corporation (IFC) andWorld Bank, 2014: Doing Business – Measuring Business Regulations. Available at: www.doingbusiness.org /data/exploreeconomies/slovenia/ Invest Slovenia, 2013: Fiscal Incentives – CorporateTax. Available at: www.investslovenia.org/business- environment/incentives/fiscal-incentives/ Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC), 2011:Technical Assessment of the Renewable Energy Action Plans. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/jrc/downloads/jrc_reference _report_2011_reap.pdf Knez, M., and B. Jereb, 2013: Solar power plants – Alternative sustainable approach to greener environment: A case of Slovenia. In: Sustainable Cities and Society, 6: 27-32 Obtrecht, M., Furjan, P., and M. Delcnjak, 2011: Evaluation and Analysis of Renewable Energy Sources Potential in Slovenia and its Compatibility Examination with Slovenian National Renewable Energy Action Plan. Presented atWord Energy Congress 2011 Sweden. Available at: www.ep.liu.se/ecp/057/vol10/019/ecp57vol10_019.pdf Renewable energy policy database and support (ResLegal), 2013: An initiative of the European Commission – Romania. Available at: www.res-legal.eu Renewable Facts, 2013: Slovenia. Available at: www.renewablefacts.com/country/slovenia Republic of Slovenia, 2010: National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010 – 2020 Slovenia. Available at: http:// ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/action_plan_en.htm Scientific Reference System on New Energy Technologies, Energy End-use Efficiency and Energy (SRS NET & EEE), 2008:WP3-Technology data - Executive Summary on Small Hydro. Available at: http://srs.epu.ntua.gr/Portals/SRS/material/ technologyreview/Small%20Hydro.pdf U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), 2013: Levelized Cost of New Generation Resources in the Annual Energy Outlook 2013. Available at: www.eia.gov/forecasts/aeo/electricity_generation.cfm World Bank, 2014: Data Catalog. Available at: http://datacatalog.worldbank.org/ Recent projects Company Project Status KPV Solar GmbH (Austria) Operates 5.704 MW solar photovoltaic power plants (ground mounted and roof-top installations). Commissioned Financing organization Details Website EU Means - European Investment Fund (EIF) - European Investment Bank (EIB) - Structural Funds Loans and guarantees through commercial banks as Intermediaries (e.g. Banka Koper, Banka Celje) and pri- vate equity/venture capital are available. www.europa.eu/youreurope/business/fi- nance-support/access-to-finance/ International Finance Corporation With investment (equity, loans and other financial in- struments) and advisory services, IFC supports may still support investment in which private financing re- mains limited. www.ifc.org/ European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) Provides renewable energy developers with equity, loans and loan guarantees for projects with good commercial prospects of up to 15 years’duration. www.ebrd.com/pages/workingwithus/pro jects.shtml